British sociologist __________ translated and condensed Comte’s work and was noted for her study of social customs in Great Britain and the United States.
|Answer» C. Harriet Martineau|
According to the __________ perspective, society is the sum of the interactions of individuals and groups.
|Answer» C. Symbolic interactionist|
A __________ is anything that meaningfully represents something else and includes signs, gestures, written language, and shared values.
|Answer» A. symbol|
A physician wears a white lab coat and a stethoscope. The patient sees these as representing Knowledge and authority.
|A.||The coat and stethoscope area signals that defines the relationships between individuals.|
|B.||symbols used to define a relationship between individuals.|
|C.||symbols of power inequality among the individuals.|
|D.||signs that this is a public interaction among individuals.|
|Answer» B. symbols used to define a relationship between individuals.|
From the symbolic interactionist perspective, each person's interpretation or definition of a given situation becomes a(n) __________ from that person's viewpoint
|Answer» B. Subjective reality|
According to the __________ perspective, existing theories have been unsuccessful in explaining social life in contemporary societies that are characterized by postindustrialization, consumerism, and global communications.
|Answer» D. postmodern|
In relation to the study of education in America, __________ would look at the role the schools play in maintaining the social system as a whole; how education provides the young with skills they need later in life; and how it transmits cultural values from one generation to the next.
|Answer» C. functionalists|
In relation to the study of education in America, __________ would emphasize the daily activities within the schools and the various forms of communication between teachers and students. They would also examine the influence of peer groups and look at the reaction when school rules are broken or followed.
|Answer» B. symbolic interactionists|
In relation to the study of homelessness in American society, __________ would look at changing relationships in the family and economic conditions which causes homelessnessamong people who are unable to find jobs and do not have a family support system to fall back on.
|Answer» D. functionalists|
In relation to the study of homelessness in American society, __________ would place emphasis on the struggle between social classes, especially how the policies of the wealthy push certain groups into unemployment and homelessness, and would examine welfare program reform.
|Answer» A. conflicttheorists|
Foucault summarizes the current shifts in historical studies as a new 'interrogation' of what?
|A.||The spirit of history|
|D.||The fate of objects|
|Answer» B. The document|
Which of Foucault's books precede the Archeology of Knowledge?
|A.||The Order of Things,The History of Sexuality, and Birth of the Clinic|
|B.||Birth of the Clinic,Madness and Civilization,and The History of Sexuality|
|C.||Madness And civilization ,The order of things and birth of clinic|
|D.||None of these|
|Answer» C. Madness And civilization ,The order of things and birth of clinic|
Which is not one of the forms of historical unity that Foucault rejects?
|C.||The progress of Reason|
|Answer» B. Discursive Unity|
What is the central historical field addressed by the archeological method?
|A.||The history of sciences|
|B.||The history of grammar|
|D.||The history of ideas|
|Answer» A. The history of sciences|
Which is not one of the four major aspects of discursive regularity to emerge from Foucault's 'four hypotheses' about discursive unity?
|A.||The formation of objects|
|B.||The formation of strategies|
|C.||The formation of events|
|D.||The formation of enunciative positions|
|Answer» C. The formation of events|
Which is not one of the sciences used as an example by Foucault?
|Answer» C. Engineering|
An object of discourse first appears where?
|A.||The threshold of scientificity|
|B.||A surface of emergence|
|C.||The threshold of epistemolegisation|
|D.||In conditions of possibility|
|Answer» B. A surface of emergence|
Foucault's term 'strategies' refers to what aspect of a discourse?
|A.||Themes and theories|
|B.||Positionality and positivity|
|C.||Documents and the archive|
|D.||Successions and recurrences|
|Answer» A. Themes and theories|
Which term refers to a situation in which two incompatible objects, concepts, or types of enunciation have the same conditions of emergence and try to occupy the same discursive space?
|A.||Point of discontinuity|
|B.||Point of rejection|
|C.||Point of bifurication|
|D.||point of diffraction|
|Answer» D. point of diffraction|
What is the basic element of discourse?
|Answer» C. The statement|
The statement is defined by its what?
|C.||Conditions of disappearance|
|Answer» B. Associated field|
Why is the statement is not reducible to the speech act?
|A.||Because the statement is materially grounded and the speech act is not.|
|B.||Because the speech act may involve more than one statement.|
|C.||Because materiality does not matter for the statement, but does for the speech act.|
|D.||Because speech acts can be unintentional and statements cannot.|
|Answer» C. Because materiality does not matter for the statement, but does for the speech act.|
Which cannot be considered a statement?
|A.||A row of typewriter keys|
|B.||A medical chart|
|D.||A meaningless sentence|
|Answer» A. A row of typewriter keys|
The quality of 'material repeatability' applies to what?
|B.||Propositions and material documents|
|D.||Statements and material documents|
|Answer» C. Statements only|
Materiality is important in statements in what sense?
|A.||The sense of material institutions|
|B.||The sense of physical material|
|C.||The sense of the 'feel' of the material|
|D.||The sense of the circulation of the material|
|Answer» A. The sense of material institutions|