Penology Treatment of Offenders solved MCQs

1 of 4

1. The Supreme Court of India is the highest court constituted by

a. the parliament

B. the president

c. the constitution

d. none of these

2. Which Articles of Indian Constitution lay down composition & jurisdiction of theSupreme Court?

a. articles 124 to 147

B. article 32

c. article 226-228

d. article 235

3. The Supreme Court has …… jurisdiction

a. original

B. appellate

c. advisory

d. all the above

4. Constitution has given extensive original jurisdiction to SC to enforceFundamentalRights under

a. article 32

B. article 228

c. article 131

d. article 142

5. Besides the High Courts, in every State, what are some other classes of Criminal Courts?

a. courts of session

B. judicial magistrates of the first class / metropolitan magistrates;

c. judicial magistrates of the second class and executive magistrates

d. all the above

6. The Gram Nyayalaya can exercise

a. civil jurisdiction

B. criminal jurisdiction

c. both civil and criminal jurisdiction

d. none of these

7. The Code of Criminal Procedure (1973) provides for Plea Bargaining in

a. section 265 a

B. section 265l

c. section 265 k

d. sections 265 a to 265l

8. The Report of Law Commission of India (144th) refers plea bargaining to

a. pre-trial negotiations

B. defendant’s pleading of guilty in exchange for certain concession by the prosecutor

c. both (a) & (b)

d. none of these

9. The provision of plea bargaining was incorporated in the Criminal Procedure Code(1973) in the year

a. 2005

B. 2002

c. 2014

d. 2006

10. The provision of plea bargainingcame into force in India in the year

a. 2001

B. 2003

c. 2006

d. 2010

11. The word Penology is derived from the Latin word….. meaning ‘punishment’

a. poena

B. penea

c. penal

d. penalogia

12. Penology owes its origin to

a. cesare beccaria

B. garofalo

c. eenrici ferri

d. bonger

13. Penology is Branch of criminology dealing with

a. prison management

B. the treatment of offenders

c. both (a) & (b)

d. none of these

14. The term Penology was coined in 1834 by a German American ____ to denote a systemof administrating punishment to the convicted offenders

a. francis lieber

B. cladwell

c. adolphe quetelet

d. lombroso

15. Penology is ______ which aims to study & evaluate the applications of penal sanctionsto wrongdoers.

a. multidisciplinary subject

B. branch of criminal science

c. an independent subject

d. both (a) & (b)

16. Punishing the offenders is a primary function of all civil States in order to maintain peaceand order in the society

a. true

B. partially true

c. false

d. it isn’t the state’s duty

17. Punishment is basically used with the intent to

a. reduce the incidence of criminal behaviour by deterring the potential offenders

B. incapacitate and prevent the offender from repeating the offence

c. reform the offender into law-abiding citizens

d. all the above

18. Emanuel Kant was one of the supporter of

a. retributive theory of punishment

B. preventive theory of punishment

c. the theory of expiation

d. reformative theory

19. The Retributive theory of Punishment is based on the principle of

a. eye for an eye

B. vengeance against the wrongdoer

c. assuaging the angry sentiments of the victim & society

d. all of the above

20. Emanuel Kant considers punishment as

a. a means of deterrence

B. a means of reform

c. an end in itself

d. a mode crime prevention

21. Supreme Court in _____ has laid down that ‘an eye for an eye is neither proper nordesirable’

a. hari singh v. state of up

B. gurdeep v. state of punjab

c. sk. ishaq v. state of bihar

d. iqbal singh v. i. g. police, delhi

22. The Retributive theory of Punishment is criticized for

a. its based on crude animal instinct of an individual to retaliate when hurt

B. it is manifestation of revenge of an injury

c. doesn’t offer any chance for reform to the offender

d. all the above

23. Utilitarian Prevention theory justifies punishment to

a. deter people from committing the crime

B. safeguard the society

c. to avenge the crime

d. to expiate the crime

24. Utilitarian Prevention/ Deterrence theory is based on principle of hedonism as proposedby

a. salmond

B. jeremy bentham

c. sir james stephen

d. hegel

25. The Supreme Court in ______ has observed that ‘protection of society and deterring
the criminal are avowed objects of law and that is required to be achieved by imposing an
appropriate punishment.’

a. r v. prince

B. rajesh khaitan v. state of west bengal

c. state of karnataka v. krishnappa

d. sidharth v. state of bihar

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