Data Analysis Solved MCQs


What is a hypothesis?

A. a statement that the researcher wants to test through the data collected in a study.
B. a research question the results will answer.
C. a theory that underpins the study.
D. a statistical method for calculating the extent to which the results could have happened by chance.
Answer» A. a statement that the researcher wants to test through the data collected in a study.

. The process of marking segments of data with symbols, descriptive words, or category names is known as _______.

A. concurring
B. coding
C. colouring
D. segmenting
Answer» B. coding

What is the cyclical process of collecting and analysing data during a single research study called?

A. interim analysis
B. inter analysis
C. inter-item analysis
D. constant analysis
Answer» A. interim analysis

The process of quantifying data is referred to as _________.

A. typology
B. diagramming
C. enumeration
D. coding
Answer» C. enumeration

An advantage of using computer programs for qualitative data is that they _______.

A. can reduce time required to analyse data (i.e., after the data are transcribed)
B. help in storing and organising data
C. make many procedures available that are rarely done by hand due to time constraints
D. all of the above
Answer» D. all of the above

Boolean operators are words that are used to create logical combinations.

A. true
B. false
Answer» A. true

__________ are the basic building blocks of qualitative data.

A. categories
B. units
C. individuals
D. none of the above
Answer» A. categories

This is the process of transforming qualitative research data from written interviews or field notes into typed text.

A. segmenting
B. coding
C. transcription
D. mnemoning
Answer» C. transcription

A challenge of qualitative data analysis is that it often includes data that are unwieldy and complex; it is a major challenge to make sense of the large pool of data.

A. true
B. false
Answer» A. true

Hypothesis testing and estimation are both types of descriptive statistics.

A. true
B. false
Answer» B. false

A set of data organised in a participants(rows)-byvariables( columns) format is known as a “data set.”

A. true
B. false
Answer» A. true

A graph that uses vertical bars to represent data is called a ___

A. line graph
B. bar graph
C. scatterplot
D. vertical graph
Answer» B. bar graph

___________ are used when you want to visually examine the relationship between two quantitative variables.

A. bar graphs
B. pie graphs
C. line graphs
D. scatterplots
Answer» D. scatterplots

The denominator (bottom) of the z-score formula is

A. the standard deviation
B. the difference between a score and the mean
C. the range
D. the mean
Answer» A. the standard deviation

A statement made about a population for testing purpose is called?

A. statistic
B. hypothesis
C. level of significance
D. test-statistic
Answer» B. hypothesis

If the assumed hypothesis is tested for rejection considering it to be true is called?

A. null hypothesis
B. statistical hypothesis
C. simple hypothesis
D. composite hypothesis
Answer» A. null hypothesis

If the null hypothesis is false then which of the following is accepted?

A. null hypothesis
B. positive hypothesis
C. negative hypothesis
D. alternative hypothesis.
Answer» D. alternative hypothesis.

Alternative Hypothesis is also called as?

A. composite hypothesis
B. research hypothesis
C. simple hypothesis
D. null hypothesis
Answer» B. research hypothesis
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