1. General Knowledge (GK)
  2. World History
  3. Set 1

World History Solved MCQs

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Who were the Axis powers in World War-II?

A. Poland, Japan, Germany
B. Italy, Japan, Britain
C. Germany, Italy, France
D. Germany, Italy, Japan
Answer» D. Germany, Italy, Japan
Explanation: Axis Powers was the alignment of nations that fought in the Second World War against the Allied forces. The Axis grew out of the Anti- Comintern Pact, an anti-communist treaty signed by Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan in 1936. The Kingdom of Italy joined in 1937. The "Rome-Berlin Axis" became a military alliance in 1939 under the Pact of Steel, with the Tripartite Pact of 1940 leading to the integration of the military aims of Germany and its two treaty-bound allies.

Where was Pablo Picasso from?

A. Spain
B. Italy
C. France
D. Great Briton
Answer» A. Spain
Explanation: Pablo Picassowas a Spanish painter, sculptor and play wright who spent mostof his adult life in France. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. As an artist and an innovator, he is responsible for co-founding the entire Cubist movement alongside Georges Braque that changed the face of European painting and sculpture.

"The Three Emperors' League", 1873 was also known as -

A. Dreikaiserbund Treaty
B. Triple Alliance
C. Reinst !ranee Treaty
D. The Dual Alliance
Answer» A. Dreikaiserbund Treaty
Explanation: The League of the Three Emperors, also known as Dreikaiserbund, was an alliance between the German Empire, the Russian Empire and Austria-Hungary, from 1873 to 1887. It was part of the diplomatic web created by Otto Bismarck (1815-1898) to keep France isolated. The first League of the Three Emperors was in effect from 1873 to 1875.

Who said "Man is a social animal"?

A. Aristotle
B. Rousseau
C. Laski
D. Plato
Answer» A. Aristotle
Explanation: In his 'Politics,' Aristotle said: "Man is by nature a social animal; an individual who is unsocial naturally and not accidentally is either beneath our notice or more than human." According to him, Society is something that precedes the individual.

Who said that "Where there is no Law there will not be Liberty"?

A. Karl Marx
B. Plato
C. Machiavelli
D. John Locke
Answer» D. John Locke
Explanation: John Locke, in the 6th Chapter of his Second Treatise of Civil Government, said: So that, however it may be mistaken, the end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom: for in all the states ofcreated beings capable of laws, where there is no law, there is no freedom: for liberty is, to be free from restraint and violence from others. "

Whose teachings inspired the French Revolution?

A. Locke
B. Rousseau
C. Hegel
D. Plato
Answer» B. Rousseau
Explanation: Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism of French expression. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought. During the period of the French Revolution, Rousseau was the most popular of the philosophers among members of the Jacobin Club. Rousseau, a Freemason, was interred as a national hero in the Pantheon in Paris, in 1794, 16 years after his death.

Which two countries were involved in a Hundred Years War?

A. Turkey and Austria
B. England and France
C. Palestine and Israel
D. Germany and Russia
Answer» B. England and France
Explanation: The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France and their various allies for control of the French throne. It was the result of a dynastic disagreement dating back to William the Conqueror who became King of England in 1066, while remaining Duke of Normandy.

The State is a necessary evil ac-cording to –

A. Communists
B. Liberalists
C. Individualists
D. Anarchists
Answer» B. Liberalists
Explanation: One of the principles of liberalism is that the state is a necessary evil. It states thatif the state is to fulfill its function, it must have more power at any rate than any single private citizen or public corporation; and although one might design institutions to minimize the danger that these powers will be misused, one can never eliminate the danger completely.

The famous painting 'Monalisa' was the creation of :

A. Michael-Angelo
B. Leonardo-DaVinci
C. Piccasso
D. Van Gogh
Answer» B. Leonardo-DaVinci
Explanation: Mona Lisa is a half-length portrait of a woman by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci, which has been acclaimed as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world. It is believed to have been painted between 1503 and 1506.

The United Kingdom is a classic example of a/an

A. aristocracy
B. absolute monarchy
C. constitutional monarchy
D. polity
Answer» C. constitutional monarchy
Explanation: Constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the parameters of a constitution, whether it be a written, uncodified, or blended constitution.

The Treaty of Versailles humiliated -

A. Austria
B. Germany
C. England
D. France
Answer» B. Germany
Explanation: The "Isrealy of WI-sallies was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War 1. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

'Liberty, Equality and Fraternity' is the call associated with -

A. American Revolution
B. French Revolution
C. Chinese Revolution
D. Russian Revolution
Answer» B. French Revolution
Explanation: Liberty, equality, fraternity (brotherhood)”, is the national motto of France, and is a typical example of a tripartite motto.

Karl Marx lived in exile and wrote from

A. Moscow
B. London
C. Paris
D. Stockholm
Answer» B. London
Explanation: Karl Marx spent most of his life in exile. He was exiled from his native Prussia in 1849 and went to Paris, from which he was expelled a few months later. He then settled in London, where he spent the rest of his life in dire poverty and relative obscurity.

Napoleon-I and the Duke of Wellington fought the famous -

A. Battle of Austerlitz
B. Battle of Leipzig
C. Battle of Borodini
D. Battle of Waterloo
Answer» D. Battle of Waterloo
Explanation: The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army.

Which country emerged as the biggest colonial power at the end of the nineteenth century?

A. France
B. Spain
C. Britain
D. Germany
Answer» C. Britain
Explanation: Briain emerged as the biggest colonial power at the end of the nineteenth century.

Where was Christopher Columbus from?

A. Venice
B. Genoa
C. Spain
D. Portugal
Answer» B. Genoa
Explanation: Christopher Columbs (1451- 1506) was an Italian navigator. He begged the King and Queen of Spain for a ship to sail west to India. In 1492 he discovered the route to America, Bahamas.

Who among the following played a prominent role during the "Reign of Terror" in France?

A. Voltaire
B. Ma rat
C. Robespierre
D. Montesquieu
Answer» C. Robespierre
Explanation: The Reign of Terror (5 September 1793 - 28 July 1794) was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of "enemies of the revolution." Robespierre, a French lawyer and politician, was an important figure during the Reign of Terror, which ended a few months after his arrest and execution in July 1794.

Who discovered the sea route to India?

A. Vasco-da-gama
B. Columbus
C. Magellen
D. Bartho-lomev-Dias
Answer» A. Vasco-da-gama
Explanation: Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer who discovered the sea route to India from Europe through the Cape of Good Hope.He was successful in crossing the Indian Ocean and anchored off the city of Calicut, India, on May 20, 1498.

Pablo Picasso, the famous painter was

A. French
B. Italian
C. Flemish
D. Spanish
Answer» D. Spanish
Explanation: Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Among his most famous works are the protoCubist. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), etc.

John Locke profounded :

A. Social Contract Theory
B. Theory of Divine Rights
C. Patriarchal Theory
D. Theory of Force
Answer» A. Social Contract Theory
Explanation: John Locke was one of the proponents of Social Contract theory. According to it, the origin of the state is due to general agreement freely entered into by equal and independent individuals living in a state of nature to form themselves in to a community and obey a government established by them. Hobbes, Rousseau and Kant also contributed to the theory.

The Greek viewed "politics" on the basis of :

A. Both ethical and legalistic terms
B. Ethical terms
C. Terms of power
D. Legalistic terms
Answer» B. Ethical terms
Explanation: The Greek viewed politics on the basis of ethical terms. The very word comes from the title of Aristotle's book 'Politics' (politika means "affairs of the cities') that discussed the city (polis) or "political community" as opposed to other types of communities and argued that the highest form of community is the polis since public life is farmore virtuous than the private and because men are "political animals.'

Who was the first Calipha -

A. Sulaiman, the Great
B. Abu Bakr
C. Iman Hussain
D. Constantine
Answer» B. Abu Bakr
Explanation: Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632-634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death. As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad, since the religious function and authority of prophethood ended with Muhammad's death according to Islam. He was called AI-Siddiq (The Truthful).

In which country is Karabla, the holy city of Shia Muslims located?

A. Iran
B. Iraq
C. Jordan
D. Syria
Answer» B. Iraq
Explanation: Karbala is a city in Iraq, southwest of Baghdad. The city, best known as the location of the Battle of Karbala (680), is amongst the holiest cities for Shia Muslims after Mecca and Medina. It is home to the Imam Hussein Shrine. Karbala is famous as the site of the martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali (Imam Hussein), and commemorations are held by millions of Shias annually to remember it. Karbala is considered sacred by all Shias.

The world's oldest continuously inhabited city is -

A. Jerusalem
B. Baghdad
C. Istanbul
D. Damascus
Answer» D. Damascus
Explanation: Damascus is often claimed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, and evidence exists of a settlement in thewider Barada basin dating back to 9000 BC. However, within the area of Damascus, there is no evidence for large-scale settlement until the 2nd millennium BC. It has been continuously inhabited since the Chalcolithic period.

Zend-Avesta is the sacred book of the -

A. Parsees
B. Jains
C. Jews
D. Buddhists
Answer» A. Parsees
Explanation: The Avesta is the Plimary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, and is composed in the Avestan language, The word Zend literally meaning "interpretation", refers to late Middle Persian language paraphrases of and commentaries on the individual Avestan books: they could be compared with the Jewish Targuins.
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