Chapter: Ancient History

Who founded “MATHAS’ in the four corners of India?

A. Madhavacharya
B. Shankaracharya
C. Bhaskaracharya
D. Ramanujacharya
Answer» B. Shankaracharya

Who was the founder of the Gupta Dynasty?

A. Chandragupta
B. Samudragupta
C. Kumaragupta
D. Maharaja Sri Gupta
Answer» A. Chandragupta

The number of Vedas is

A. Eight
B. Four
C. Ten
D. Two
Answer» B. Four

Indus Valley Civilisation became known from excavations at

A. Mohanjodaro
B. Ropar
C. Harappa
D. None of these
Answer» C. Harappa

In which year did Alexander invade India?

A. 623 BC
B. 236 BC
C. 326 BC
D. 362 BC
Answer» C. 326 BC

Who was the founder of Saka Era?

A. Kanishka
B. Chandragupta Maurya
C. Samudragupta
D. Chandragupta Vikramaditya
Answer» A. Kanishka

During the early Vedic period, the society was based on

A. Birth
B. Wealth
C. Religion
D. Occupation
Answer» D. Occupation

Which line of rulers succeeded the Maurayas in Magadh?

A. Sungas
B. Kushan
C. Vardhanas
D. Guptas
Answer» A. Sungas

Which of the following is the oldest monument?

A. Qutub Minar
B. Ajanta Caves
C. Taj Mahal
D. Khajuraho
Answer» B. Ajanta Caves

Which of the following ‘Veda’ deals with medicine?

A. Atharva Veda
B. Yajur Veda
C. Sama Veda
D. Rig Veda
Answer» A. Atharva Veda

The god of war of the Rigvedic Aryans was

A. Varuna
B. Indra
C. Mitra
D. Rudra
Answer» D. Rudra

Which, among the following, is the oldest dynasty?

A. Maurya
B. Gupta
C. Vardhana
D. Kushan
Answer» A. Maurya

Swetambara and Digambara are the sects of which religion

A. Hinduism
B. Buddhism
C. Jainism
D. Zorastrians
Answer» C. Jainism

Monuments containing relics of Buddha are called

A. Viharas
B. Chaityas
C. Stupas
D. Sanghas
Answer» C. Stupas

Charak was the court physician of

A. Chandragupta
B. Kanishka
C. Harsha
D. Ashoka
Answer» B. Kanishka

The Buddhist Sangha was divided into two sects-the Hinayana and the Mahayana during the reign of

A. Harsha
B. Ashoka
C. Dharampala
D. Kanishka
Answer» D. Kanishka

Megasthenes was at the court of

A. Kanishka
B. Ashoka
C. Chandragupta Maurya
D. Harsha
Answer» C. Chandragupta Maurya

The Indus Valley Civillisation reached its zenith in ………. BC:

A. 3500
B. 2500
C. 1700
D. 500
Answer» B. 2500

Which is the oldest known civilization in India?

A. Vedic
B. Eipc
C. Puranic
D. Indus Valley
Answer» D. Indus Valley

Which of the following is the oldest dynasty?

A. Maurya
B. Chola
C. Chalukya
D. Nanda
Answer» D. Nanda

Puranas date back to the age of

A. Guptas
B. Cholas
C. Mauryas
D. Mughals
Answer» A. Guptas

Eighfold Path (Ashtmarg) for elimination of human misery was prescribed by

A. Mahavira
B. Buddha
C. Jesus Christ
D. Krishna
Answer» B. Buddha

Which language did Buddha preach in?

A. Pali
B. Magadhi
C. Prakrit
D. Sauraseni
Answer» A. Pali

Original name of Lord Buddha was

A. Vardhamana
B. Sidhartha
C. Kumara
D. Bhodrabahu
Answer» B. Sidhartha

The last Mauryan ruler Brihadratha, was killed by

A. Pushuamitra
B. Vishwamitra
C. Sangamitra
D. Vishumitra
Answer» A. Pushuamitra

Who is regarded as the greatest law giver of ancient India?

A. Megasthenes
B. Panini
C. Manu
D. Kautilya
Answer» C. Manu

Buddha delivered his first sermon at which place

A. Sarnath
B. Lumbini
C. Bodh Gaya
D. Vaishali
Answer» A. Sarnath

Ajanta caves were built during whose period?

A. Gupta
B. Kushan
C. Maurya
D. Chalukya
Answer» A. Gupta

Fa-Hein visited India during the reign of

A. Chandragupta II
B. Ashoka
C. Chandragupta Maurya
D. Harshvardhana
Answer» A. Chandragupta II

The rock-cut temples of Mahabalipuram were built by

A. Cholas
B. Pallavas
C. Chalukyas
D. Rastrakutas
Answer» B. Pallavas

Lord Buddha was born in

A. Vaishali
B. Lumbini
C. Kashi
D. Patliputra
Answer» B. Lumbini

________ did the maximum for the spread of Buddhism in foreign lands:

A. Ashoka
B. Kanishka
C. Raj Raja Chola
D. Harshvardhana
Answer» A. Ashoka

Vedic Culture was a gift of the

A. Mauryas
B. Guptas
C. Indus Valley People
D. Aryans
Answer» D. Aryans

Which is the oldest Veda?

A. Yajurveda
B. Samaveda
C. Atharaveda
D. Rigveda
Answer» D. Rigveda

Hampi was the capital of whose empire?

A. Kushari
B. Pallava
C. Vijaynagar
D. Chola
Answer» C. Vijaynagar

Buddha denounced

A. Jainism
B. Nature Worship
C. Humanism
D. Brahminism
Answer» D. Brahminism

Which of the following Vedas is rendered musically?

A. Samaveda
B. Yajurveda
C. Rigveda
D. Atharvaveda
Answer» A. Samaveda

When was the Battle of Kalinga fought?

A. 540 AD
B. 273 BC
C. 262 BC
D. 712 AD
Answer» C. 262 BC

Name the four volume book written by Megasthenes, the Greek diplomat giving account of India?

A. Indica
B. Ancient India
C. Glimpses of Maurian Empire
D. Travelogues to India
Answer» A. Indica

Chandragupta Maurya built the first great empire in India with the help of

A. Seleucus
B. Mahapadmananda
C. Bindusara
D. Kautilya
Answer» D. Kautilya

Whose philosophy is called the Advaita?

A. Ramanujacharya
B. Shankaracharya
C. Nagarjuna
D. Vasumitra
Answer» B. Shankaracharya

The Jains believe that Mahavira was the last of the

A. Teachers
B. Monks
C. Prophets
D. Tirthankaras
Answer» D. Tirthankaras

On the banks of which river did Alexander fight Porus?

A. Sutlej
B. Ravi
C. Jhelum
D. Chenab
Answer» C. Jhelum

Sidhartha attained his enlightenment at

A. Benaras
B. Sarnath
C. Kushinagar
D. Gaya
Answer» D. Gaya

Allahabad Pillar inscription (originally erected by Ashoka provides information about the reign of

A. Chandragupta Maurya
B. Chandragupta
C. Samudragupta
D. Chandragupta II
Answer» C. Samudragupta

Iron Pillar at Mehrauli was built by the

A. Guptas
B. Mauryas
C. Nandas
D. Khiljis
Answer» A. Guptas

Gupta dynasty was famous for

A. Art and Architecture
B. Imperialism
C. Revenue and Law Reforms
D. Patronage of Literary Works
Answer» A. Art and Architecture

Prophet Mohammad was born in

A. 570 AD
B. 622 AD
C. 1215 AD
D. None of these
Answer» A. 570 AD

‘Chaityas and Viharas’ are associated with which of the following religions?

A. Jainism
B. Brahminish
C. Buddhism
D. Non- Brahmin Hinduism
Answer» C. Buddhism

‘Bauddhacharita’ was written by an eminent philosopher, poet and dramatist of the court of

A. Ashoka
B. Aswaghosha
C. Pushyamitra
D. Samudargupta
Answer» B. Aswaghosha

Chanakya, also known by the name of Kautilya, was the Prime Minister during the reign of

A. Ajatasatru
B. Bimbisara
C. Chandragupta Maurya
D. Chandragupta 1
Answer» C. Chandragupta Maurya

The principal difference between Buddhism and Jainism hinges upon

A. value of rituals and superstitions
B. impact of right action
C. means towards salvation
D. role of the Vedas as the religious texts
Answer» C. means towards salvation

Who, among the following, was the first Tiranthkar of Jainism?

A. Sidharath
B. Rishabdev
C. Vardhman
D. Parsvnath
Answer» B. Rishabdev

The Aryans came from Central Asia to India about

A. 8000 B.C.
B. 6500 B.C.
C. 1500 B.C.
D. 2000B.C.
Answer» C. 1500 B.C.

Mahavira was born at

A. Pataliputra
B. Sravasti
C. Vaishali
D. Rajagriha
Answer» C. Vaishali

Lumbini, the birth place of Gautam Buddha, is in

A. Bihar
B. Sikkim
C. Nepal
D. Gujarat
Answer» C. Nepal

Harishena, who wrote the Allahabad Pillar inscription, was the court poet of

A. Chandragupta I
B. Samudragupta
C. Mahendradutya
D. Skandagupta
Answer» C. Mahendradutya

The Saka are commenced in which of the following centuries?

A. 1st century B.C.
B. 1st century A.D.
C. 2nd century B.C.
D. 2nd century A.D.
Answer» B. 1st century A.D.

Which of the following rulers is generally referred to as the ‘Indian Napolean’?

A. Ashoka
B. Harshvardhana
C. Sumduragupta
D. Kanishka
Answer» C. Sumduragupta

The ancient kingdom of Avanti had its capital at

A. Ujjain
B. Vaishali
C. Patalipuna
D. Ayodhya
Answer» A. Ujjain

Who, amongst the following, is credited by a Chinese pilgrim with having built the ancient city of Rajagriha, the modern Rajgir in Patna district?

A. Ajatasatru
B. Bimbisara
C. Udayi
D. Prasenajit
Answer» B. Bimbisara

An overwhelming majority of the images at Ajanta are those of

A. Jiva
B. Vishnu
C. Budha
D. Durga
Answer» C. Budha

Who was the Hindu king shown playing on the Veena on ancient coins?

A. Shivaji
B. Samudragupta
C. Ashoka
D. Vikramaditya
Answer» B. Samudragupta

Which of the following Buddist Councils was held during the reign of Kanishka?

A. First
B. Second
C. Third
D. Fourth
Answer» D. Fourth

The ultimate goal of which of the following religions is ‘nirvana’?

A. Buddhism
B. Hinduism
C. Jainism
D. All of these
Answer» A. Buddhism

Nalanda University was a great centre of learning especially during

A. Buddhism
B. Jainism
C. Vaishnavism
D. Tantraism
Answer» A. Buddhism

The Indus Valley Civilisaion pertains to

A. Old Stone Age
B. New Stone Age
C. Copper Age
D. Iron Age
Answer» C. Copper Age

The Buddhist monk who converted Ashoka into Buddhism after the Kalinga War was

A. Udayana
B. Upagupta
C. Prasenjit
D. None of these
Answer» B. Upagupta

To which country Emperor Ashoka deputed his son Mahendra and daughter Sanghamitra to propagate Buddism?

A. China
B. Korea
C. Egypt
D. Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
Answer» D. Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

Who, among the following eminent literary figures, was patronized by Emperor Harshvardhana?

A. Kalidas
B. Banabhatta
C. Asvaghosha
D. Bhavabhuti
Answer» B. Banabhatta

The founder of Vikramsila University was

A. Devapala
B. Harshvardhana
C. Sasanks
D. Dharmapala
Answer» D. Dharmapala

“Strict moral code and virtuous life is the way to salvation”. This theory belongs to

A. Buddhism
B. Jainism
C. Hinduism
D. Islam
Answer» C. Hinduism

The great Bath of Indus Valley Civilisation belonged to

A. Kalibangan
B. Harappa
C. Mohenjodaro
D. Ropar
Answer» C. Mohenjodaro

Sarnath’s Lion Capital is attributed to

A. Kaniska
B. Harshvardhana
C. Ashoka
D. Chandragupta
Answer» C. Ashoka

What was Mahavira’s name before enlightenment?

A. Vardhamana
B. Anshumana
C. Sudhakar
D. Somdutta
Answer» A. Vardhamana

The tools and weapons of Harappan civilisation were mostly made of

A. stone only
B. stone and copper
C. copper, bronze and iron
D. copper, tin and bronze
Answer» D. copper, tin and bronze

Traces of which of the following has not been found in the Indus Civilisation?

A. Barley
B. Sesamum
C. Mustard
D. Sugarcane
Answer» D. Sugarcane

The Indus Valley Civilisation was discovered in

A. 1902
B. 1912
C. 1922
D. 1932
Answer» C. 1922

Indications of pre- Harappan civilisation have come from the archaeological excavations at

A. Ropar
B. Kalibangan
C. Lothal
D. Kunal
Answer» C. Lothal

The Indus Valley Civilisation was spread over

A. Indo- Gangetic divide and upper Gangetic plain
B. Punjab, Sind, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Baluchistan
C. U.P., Haryana and neighbouring parts of Punjab and Rajasthan
D. banks of river Indus, Punjab, Sind and Baluchistan
Answer» B. Punjab, Sind, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Baluchistan

Rice cultivation is associated with the Harappan site of

A. Harappa
B. Mohenjodaro
C. Kalibangan
D. Lothal
Answer» D. Lothal

Mohenjodaro is also known as

A. Mound of the Great
B. Mound of the Survivors
C. Mound of the Living
D. Mound of the Dead
Answer» D. Mound of the Dead

Which of the following elements of Hinduism were practised in the Indus Valley Civilisation?

A. Cult of Shiva
B. Idol worship
C. Worshipping cows
D. Wearing sacred threads
Answer» A. Cult of Shiva

Gandhara School of Art was established in

A. Eastern India
B. Southern India
C. North-western India
D. Western India
Answer» C. North-western India

Which of the following archaeologists initially discovered the Mohenjodaro site of Indus Valley Civilisation?

A. Daya Ram Sahni
B. Rakhal Das Banerjee
C. Sir John Marshall
D. Sir Martimer Wheeler
Answer» B. Rakhal Das Banerjee

Which of the following is not related to Gandhara School of Art?

A. Elephanta
B. Khajuraho
C. Ellora
D. Ajanta
Answer» D. Ajanta

Who among the following popularised the theory of ‘Arctic Region’ as the original home of Aryans?

A. Macdonell
B. Max Muller
C. B.G.Tilak
D. . Keith
Answer» C. B.G.Tilak

Who among the following was a Brahmavadini who composed some hymns of the Vedas?

A. Savitri
B. Gargi
C. Leelavati
D. Lopamudra
Answer» B. Gargi

Which of the following rivers is not mentioned frequently in Rig Vedic hymns?

A. Ganges
B. Brahmaputra
C. Sindhu
D. Saraswati
Answer» B. Brahmaputra

Upanishads also known as the Vedantas are ______ in number.

A. 96
B. 105
C. 108
D. 112
Answer» C. 108

The famous Vedic saying “War begins in the minds of men”, is stated in

A. Rig Veda
B. Atharva Veda
C. Sama Veda
D. Mundaka Upnishad
Answer» C. Sama Veda

Which of the following statements is not correct?

A. The Rig Vedic people worshipped nature.
B. The Rig Vedic Aryans were by and large urban people.
C. The Rig Vedic family comprised parents and other kith and kin apart from husband and wife.
D. The Rig Vedic women were highly; respected and that most of the religious ceremonies’ wereconsidered incomplete unless wives joined their husbands
Answer» B. The Rig Vedic Aryans were by and large urban people.

Codes of conduct of the Vedic Society are laid down in

A. Puranas
B. Vedas
C. Brahmanas
D. Smritis
Answer» D. Smritis

Which of the following was not one of the distinguished tribes of the later Vedic period?’

A. Videhas
B. Bharatas
C. Panchalas
D. Kurus
Answer» B. Bharatas

In Rig Vedic period, the most important functionary after the king was

A. Purohita
B. Senani
C. Law Officer
D. Tax Collector
Answer» A. Purohita

The tax which the kings used to collect from the people in the Vedic period was called

A. Kara
B. Varman
C. Bali
D. Vidatha
Answer» C. Bali

In the Vedic Society, the term used to denote a group of families was

A. gotra
B. jana
C. vish
D. grama
Answer» B. jana

The Puranas are ........ in number.

A. 18
B. 25
C. 52
D. 108
Answer» A. 18

Which of the following Vedangas contains the Srautra, the Grihya and the Dharma Sutras?

A. Nirukta
B. Shiksha
C. Chhandas
D. Kalpa
Answer» D. Kalpa

Which one of the following is the earliest school of Indian philosophy?

A. Vaisesika
B. Samkhya
C. Yoga
D. Karma mimamsa
Answer» A. Vaisesika
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