160+ World History Solved MCQs


Who were the Axis powers in World War-II?

A. Poland, Japan, Germany
B. Italy, Japan, Britain
C. Germany, Italy, France
D. Germany, Italy, Japan
Answer» D. Germany, Italy, Japan
Explanation: Axis Powers was the alignment of nations that fought in the Second World War against the Allied forces. The Axis grew out of the Anti- Comintern Pact, an anti-communist treaty signed by Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan in 1936. The Kingdom of Italy joined in 1937. The "Rome-Berlin Axis" became a military alliance in 1939 under the Pact of Steel, with the Tripartite Pact of 1940 leading to the integration of the military aims of Germany and its two treaty-bound allies.

Where was Pablo Picasso from?

A. Spain
B. Italy
C. France
D. Great Briton
Answer» A. Spain
Explanation: Pablo Picassowas a Spanish painter, sculptor and play wright who spent mostof his adult life in France. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century. As an artist and an innovator, he is responsible for co-founding the entire Cubist movement alongside Georges Braque that changed the face of European painting and sculpture.

"The Three Emperors' League", 1873 was also known as -

A. Dreikaiserbund Treaty
B. Triple Alliance
C. Reinst !ranee Treaty
D. The Dual Alliance
Answer» A. Dreikaiserbund Treaty
Explanation: The League of the Three Emperors, also known as Dreikaiserbund, was an alliance between the German Empire, the Russian Empire and Austria-Hungary, from 1873 to 1887. It was part of the diplomatic web created by Otto Bismarck (1815-1898) to keep France isolated. The first League of the Three Emperors was in effect from 1873 to 1875.

Who said "Man is a social animal"?

A. Aristotle
B. Rousseau
C. Laski
D. Plato
Answer» A. Aristotle
Explanation: In his 'Politics,' Aristotle said: "Man is by nature a social animal; an individual who is unsocial naturally and not accidentally is either beneath our notice or more than human." According to him, Society is something that precedes the individual.

Who said that "Where there is no Law there will not be Liberty"?

A. Karl Marx
B. Plato
C. Machiavelli
D. John Locke
Answer» D. John Locke
Explanation: John Locke, in the 6th Chapter of his Second Treatise of Civil Government, said: So that, however it may be mistaken, the end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom: for in all the states ofcreated beings capable of laws, where there is no law, there is no freedom: for liberty is, to be free from restraint and violence from others. "

Whose teachings inspired the French Revolution?

A. Locke
B. Rousseau
C. Hegel
D. Plato
Answer» B. Rousseau
Explanation: Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism of French expression. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought. During the period of the French Revolution, Rousseau was the most popular of the philosophers among members of the Jacobin Club. Rousseau, a Freemason, was interred as a national hero in the Pantheon in Paris, in 1794, 16 years after his death.

Which two countries were involved in a Hundred Years War?

A. Turkey and Austria
B. England and France
C. Palestine and Israel
D. Germany and Russia
Answer» B. England and France
Explanation: The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France and their various allies for control of the French throne. It was the result of a dynastic disagreement dating back to William the Conqueror who became King of England in 1066, while remaining Duke of Normandy.

The State is a necessary evil ac-cording to –

A. Communists
B. Liberalists
C. Individualists
D. Anarchists
Answer» B. Liberalists
Explanation: One of the principles of liberalism is that the state is a necessary evil. It states thatif the state is to fulfill its function, it must have more power at any rate than any single private citizen or public corporation; and although one might design institutions to minimize the danger that these powers will be misused, one can never eliminate the danger completely.

The famous painting 'Monalisa' was the creation of :

A. Michael-Angelo
B. Leonardo-DaVinci
C. Piccasso
D. Van Gogh
Answer» B. Leonardo-DaVinci
Explanation: Mona Lisa is a half-length portrait of a woman by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci, which has been acclaimed as "the best known, the most visited, the most written about, the most sung about, the most parodied work of art in the world. It is believed to have been painted between 1503 and 1506.

The United Kingdom is a classic example of a/an

A. aristocracy
B. absolute monarchy
C. constitutional monarchy
D. polity
Answer» C. constitutional monarchy
Explanation: Constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the parameters of a constitution, whether it be a written, uncodified, or blended constitution.

The Treaty of Versailles humiliated -

A. Austria
B. Germany
C. England
D. France
Answer» B. Germany
Explanation: The "Isrealy of WI-sallies was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War 1. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

'Liberty, Equality and Fraternity' is the call associated with -

A. American Revolution
B. French Revolution
C. Chinese Revolution
D. Russian Revolution
Answer» B. French Revolution
Explanation: Liberty, equality, fraternity (brotherhood)”, is the national motto of France, and is a typical example of a tripartite motto.

Karl Marx lived in exile and wrote from

A. Moscow
B. London
C. Paris
D. Stockholm
Answer» B. London
Explanation: Karl Marx spent most of his life in exile. He was exiled from his native Prussia in 1849 and went to Paris, from which he was expelled a few months later. He then settled in London, where he spent the rest of his life in dire poverty and relative obscurity.

Napoleon-I and the Duke of Wellington fought the famous -

A. Battle of Austerlitz
B. Battle of Leipzig
C. Battle of Borodini
D. Battle of Waterloo
Answer» D. Battle of Waterloo
Explanation: The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army.

Which country emerged as the biggest colonial power at the end of the nineteenth century?

A. France
B. Spain
C. Britain
D. Germany
Answer» C. Britain
Explanation: Briain emerged as the biggest colonial power at the end of the nineteenth century.

Where was Christopher Columbus from?

A. Venice
B. Genoa
C. Spain
D. Portugal
Answer» B. Genoa
Explanation: Christopher Columbs (1451- 1506) was an Italian navigator. He begged the King and Queen of Spain for a ship to sail west to India. In 1492 he discovered the route to America, Bahamas.

Who among the following played a prominent role during the "Reign of Terror" in France?

A. Voltaire
B. Ma rat
C. Robespierre
D. Montesquieu
Answer» C. Robespierre
Explanation: The Reign of Terror (5 September 1793 - 28 July 1794) was a period of violence that occurred after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of "enemies of the revolution." Robespierre, a French lawyer and politician, was an important figure during the Reign of Terror, which ended a few months after his arrest and execution in July 1794.

Who discovered the sea route to India?

A. Vasco-da-gama
B. Columbus
C. Magellen
D. Bartho-lomev-Dias
Answer» A. Vasco-da-gama
Explanation: Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer who discovered the sea route to India from Europe through the Cape of Good Hope.He was successful in crossing the Indian Ocean and anchored off the city of Calicut, India, on May 20, 1498.

Pablo Picasso, the famous painter was

A. French
B. Italian
C. Flemish
D. Spanish
Answer» D. Spanish
Explanation: Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Among his most famous works are the protoCubist. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), etc.

John Locke profounded :

A. Social Contract Theory
B. Theory of Divine Rights
C. Patriarchal Theory
D. Theory of Force
Answer» A. Social Contract Theory
Explanation: John Locke was one of the proponents of Social Contract theory. According to it, the origin of the state is due to general agreement freely entered into by equal and independent individuals living in a state of nature to form themselves in to a community and obey a government established by them. Hobbes, Rousseau and Kant also contributed to the theory.

The Greek viewed "politics" on the basis of :

A. Both ethical and legalistic terms
B. Ethical terms
C. Terms of power
D. Legalistic terms
Answer» B. Ethical terms
Explanation: The Greek viewed politics on the basis of ethical terms. The very word comes from the title of Aristotle's book 'Politics' (politika means "affairs of the cities') that discussed the city (polis) or "political community" as opposed to other types of communities and argued that the highest form of community is the polis since public life is farmore virtuous than the private and because men are "political animals.'

Who was the first Calipha -

A. Sulaiman, the Great
B. Abu Bakr
C. Iman Hussain
D. Constantine
Answer» B. Abu Bakr
Explanation: Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632-634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death. As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad, since the religious function and authority of prophethood ended with Muhammad's death according to Islam. He was called AI-Siddiq (The Truthful).

In which country is Karabla, the holy city of Shia Muslims located?

A. Iran
B. Iraq
C. Jordan
D. Syria
Answer» B. Iraq
Explanation: Karbala is a city in Iraq, southwest of Baghdad. The city, best known as the location of the Battle of Karbala (680), is amongst the holiest cities for Shia Muslims after Mecca and Medina. It is home to the Imam Hussein Shrine. Karbala is famous as the site of the martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali (Imam Hussein), and commemorations are held by millions of Shias annually to remember it. Karbala is considered sacred by all Shias.

The world's oldest continuously inhabited city is -

A. Jerusalem
B. Baghdad
C. Istanbul
D. Damascus
Answer» D. Damascus
Explanation: Damascus is often claimed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, and evidence exists of a settlement in thewider Barada basin dating back to 9000 BC. However, within the area of Damascus, there is no evidence for large-scale settlement until the 2nd millennium BC. It has been continuously inhabited since the Chalcolithic period.

Zend-Avesta is the sacred book of the -

A. Parsees
B. Jains
C. Jews
D. Buddhists
Answer» A. Parsees
Explanation: The Avesta is the Plimary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, and is composed in the Avestan language, The word Zend literally meaning "interpretation", refers to late Middle Persian language paraphrases of and commentaries on the individual Avestan books: they could be compared with the Jewish Targuins.

Peking is the sacred place of -

A. Taoism
B. Shintoism
C. Confucianism
D. Judaism
Answer» C. Confucianism
Explanation: Peking (Beijing) is the sacred place of Confucianism. It was founded by King Fu Tsu, better known as Confucius, in 500 BC. Its sacred text is The Analects'.

On which side did Japan fight in the First World War?

A. none, it wag neutral
B. with Germany against United Kingdom
C. against Russia on its own
D. with United Kingdom against Germany
Answer» D. with United Kingdom against Germany
Explanation: The First World War involved all the world's great powers, which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the Central Powers (originally the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy). These alliances were both re-organized and expanded as more nations entered the war: Italy. Japan and theUnited States joined the Allies, and the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria the Central Powers.

During the reign of which dynasty was the Great Wall of China constructed?

A. Sung
B. Tang
C. Han
D. Chin
Answer» D. Chin
Explanation: The Great Wall of China was mainly built during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, along the country's northern border to prevent the invasion of Huns. Qin Shi Huang was the founder of the Qin (Chin) dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China in 221 B.C. Later the Han (202 B.0 - 220 A.D), the Northern Qi (550-574), the Sui (589-618), and particularly the Ming (1369-1644) were among those that rebuilt, remanned, and expanded the Walls.

From which country did the USA purchase Alaska to make it the 50th federating State?

A. Canada
B. Britain
C. Russia
D. France
Answer» C. Russia
Explanation: Alaska is the largest state in the United States by area. Alaska was purchased from Russia on March 30, 1867, for $7.2 million. The land went through several administrative changes before becoming an organized for incorporated) territory on May 11, 1912, and the 49th state of the U.S. on January 3, 1959.

Who was the American leader who led a non-violent movement to obtain full civil rights for American Negroes?

A. Abraham Lincoln
B. John F. Kennedy
C. Martin Luther King
D. George Washington
Answer» C. Martin Luther King
Explanation: Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 -April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African American Civil Rights Movement.

Who discovered America?

A. Vasco-da Gama
B. Columbus
C. Captain Cook
D. Amundsen
Answer» B. Columbus
Explanation: Christopher Columbus completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World.

Which one of the following coun-tries was first to establish a modern-democracy?

A. France
B. England
C. America
D. India
Answer» C. America
Explanation: The Constitution of the United States of America, adopted in 1788, provides the world's first formal blueprint for a modern democracy. It provided for an elected government and protected civil rights and liberties for some. It led to representative democracy that is considered as an essential ingredient of any democracy.

The policy of racial discrimination followed in South Africa was called:

A. Non-Aligned
B. Civil Rights Movement
C. Apartheid
D. Suffrage
Answer» C. Apartheid
Explanation: The policy of racial discrimination followed in South Africa was called Apartheid.

Who was popularly known as Africa's Gandhi?

A. Mir Kat-zai
B. Nelson Mandela
C. Firoz Gandhi
D. M.K. Gandhi
Answer» B. Nelson Mandela
Explanation: Nelson Mandela. the former President of South Africa, was known as Africa's Gandhi. Like Martin Luther King Jr., Tanzania's Julius Nyerere and Zambia's Kenneth Kaunda, Mandela was deeply influenced by Gandhi's 'passive resistance' and `satyagraha' as effective political tools for use by unarmed victims of a powerful opponent.

Whih one of the following U.S. President visited China in 1972 for strengthening diplomatic ties?

A. Richard Nixon
B. George Bush (Senior)
C. D Eisenhower
D. J.F.Kennedy
Answer» A. Richard Nixon
Explanation: On February 21, 1972, President Richard M. Nixon arrived in China, becoming the first U.S. president to do so since China was established in 1949. This was an important event because the U.S. was seeking to improve relations with a Communist country during the Cold War.

The American Civil War saw the end of

A. Slavery
B. Landlordism
C. Monarchy
D. Apartheid
Answer» A. Slavery
Explanation: The American Civil War (1861- 1865), in the United States often referred to as simply the Civil War and sometimes called the "War Between the States", was a civil war fought over the secession of the Confederate States.

Indonesia was a colony of which of the following countries?

A. Dutch
B. Spain
C. Portugal
D. Belgium
Answer» A. Dutch
Explanation: The Dutch East Indies was a Dutch colony that became modern Indonesia following World War H. It was formed from the nationalized colonies of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800. This colony which later formed modern-day Indonesia was one of the most valuable European colonies under the Dutch Empire's rule, and contributed to Dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in 19th to early 20th century.

In which country the Head of the State gets his office by the law of hereditary succession?

A. China
B. Sri Lanka
C. France
D. Japan
Answer» D. Japan
Explanation: The Emperor of Japan-- defined in the Constitution is "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people" (Article 1) and generally recognized throughout the world as the Japanese head of state — is a ceremonial figurehead with no independent discretionary powers related to the governance of Japan. The post is hereditary and is monarchical.

The city of "Tashkent" is located in -

A. Uzbekistan
B. Kazakhstan
C. Russia
D. Kyrgystan
Answer» A. Uzbekistan
Explanation: Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan and of the Tashkent Province. This historic city is associated with the Tashkent Declaration of 10 January, 1966 which was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. The Soviets, represented by Premier Alexei Kosygin moderated between Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan.

French revolution broke out in the year

A. 1917
B. 1911
C. 1789
D. 1790
Answer» C. 1789
Explanation: The French Revolution was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon.

1917 is know for -

A. Battle of Trafalgar
B. Battle of Waterloo
C. End of the World War I
D. The Russian Revolution
Answer» D. The Russian Revolution
Explanation: The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the communist government. The Emperor was forced to abdicate and replaced by a provisional government during the first revolution of February 1917.

Potato was introduced to Europe by :

A. Portuguese
B. Germans
C. Spanish
D. Dutch
Answer» C. Spanish
Explanation: Potato was brought to Europe from the New World by Spanish explorers. Sailors returning from the Andes to Spain with silver presumably brought maize and potatoes for their own food on the trip. Historians speculate that leftover tubers (and maize) were carried ashore and planted.

Of the following, in which did Napoleonic France suffer final defeat?

A. Battle of Trafalgar
B. Battle of Wagram
C. Battle of Pyramids
D. Battle of Austerlitz
Answer» A. Battle of Trafalgar
Explanation: Battles of Wagram, Pyramids and Austerlitz resulted in decisive victories for Napoleon. The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French Navy and Spanish Navy, during the War of the Third Coalition (AugustDecember 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815). The battle was the most decisive British naval victory of the war.

The Cremean War was fought between

A. France and Britain
B. Russia and Turkey
C. France and Turkey
D. Britain and Turkey
Answer» B. Russia and Turkey
Explanation: The Crimean War (October 1853 - February 1856) was a conflict between the Russian Empire and an alliance of the French Empire, the British Empire, the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia. The war was part of a long-running contest between major European powers for influence over territories of the declining Ottoman Empire.

Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany in -

A. 1930
B. 1929
C. 1936
D. 1933
Answer» D. 1933
Explanation: Adolf Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

With the fall of which among the following, the French Revolution began?

A. Bastille
B. Communes
C. Jacobin Club
D. Pillnitz
Answer» A. Bastille
Explanation: The storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France on the morning of 14 July 1789. The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. While the prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.

Waterloo is located in

A. England
B. France
C. Spain
D. Belgium
Answer» D. Belgium
Explanation: The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815 near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An Imperial French army under the command of Emperor Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blucher. It was the culminating battle of the Waterloo Campaign and Napoleon's last.

Like Vedic Aryans, the custom of Sacrificial-fire was also followed by –

A. Romans
B. Greeks
C. Iranians
D. All the above
Answer» D. All the above
Explanation: The practice of worshipping sacrificial fire or Tajna' was common to the Aryans, the population of Greece and Rome and the Iranians. The antiquity of the belief and reverential practice of the sacred fire were common among people of the Mediterranean, and the Iranian plateau and the peninsula of India.

Who has given a call "Go back to nature"?

A. Plato
B. Aristotle
C. Rousseau
D. Hobbes
Answer» C. Rousseau
Explanation: Rousseau gave the call "Go Back to Nature". Jean - Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778) was Swiss-born French political philosopher who propounded Social Contract Theory - that men were born free, but lived everywhere in chains.

Who is called the "Greatest investigator of antiquity"?

A. Aristotle
B. Darwin
C. Cuvier
D. Socrates
Answer» B. Darwin
Explanation: The discovery of human antiquity was a major achievement of science in the middle of the 19th century, and the foundation of scientific paleoanthropology. Charles Darwin established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and proposed the scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.

The Second World War started in the year —

A. 1940
B. 1939
C. 1941
D. 1942
Answer» B. 1939
Explanation: World War II was a global war that was underway by 1939 and ended in 1945. It involved a vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers— eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.

Herodotus is considered as the father of

A. History
B. Geography
C. Political Science
D. Philosophy
Answer» A. History
Explanation: Herodotus has been called the "Father of History". and was the first historian known to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent and arrange them in a well-constructed and vivid narrative

Who has given the statement "Man is born free but he is al-ways in chain?"

A. Locke
B. Rousseau
C. Bentham
D. Robert Mill
Answer» B. Rousseau
Explanation: Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism of French expression. His most important work is The Social Contract, which outlines the basis for a legitimate political order within a framework of classical republicanism.

Who said, The State exists be-cause crime exists in society, otherwise there would be no need of a State'?

A. Herbert Spencer
B. J.S. Mill
C. John Locke
D. Tocqueviile
Answer» B. J.S. Mill
Explanation: Herbert Spencer in his 'Social Statics' (1851) argued that the state is the offspring of evil, bearing about it all the marks of its parentage. It exists be-cause crime exists. It is not strong—or, despotic—when crime isgreat; there is more liberty—less government— when crime diminishes.

Who speaks of Cabinet system as "the steering wheel of the ship of state"?

A. Lowell
B. Muir
C. Marriot
D. Bagehot
Answer» B. Muir
Explanation: Prof. Ramsay Muir describes the cabinet as "the steering wheel of the ship of state". Ramsay Muir was a British historian and thinker who made a significant contribution to the development of liberal political philosophy in the 1920s and 1930s.

Who is known as the "Lady with the Lamp"?

A. Joan of Arc
B. Helen Keller
C. Florence Nightingale
D. Sarojini Naidu
Answer» D. Sarojini Naidu
Explanation: Florence Nightingale was a celebrated English nurse, writer and statistician. She came to prominence for her pioneering work in nursing during the Crimean War, where she tended to wounded soldiers. She was dubbed 'The Lady with the Lamp" after her habit of making rounds at night.

The war criminals of the II World War were put to trial in –

A. Nuremburg
B. Peiter'sburg
C. Gettysburg
D. Peitsburg
Answer» A. Nuremburg
Explanation: Nuremberg is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. Between 1945 and 1946, German officials involved in the Holocaust and other war crimes were brought before an international tribunal in the Nuremberg Trials. The city had been the location of the Nazi Party's Nuremberg rallies and the laws stripping Jews of their citizenship were passed there.

'Anti Semitism' to Adolf Hitler meant -

A. Anti Black policy
B. Anti Jewish policy
C. Anti Protestant policy
D. Anti German policy
Answer» B. Anti Jewish policy
Explanation: Anti-Semitism is suspicion of, hatred toward, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage. Social scientists consider it a form of racism. Anti-Semitism may be manifested in many ways, ranging from expressions of hatred of or discrimination against individual Jews to organized violent attacks by mobs, state police, or even military attacks on entire Jewish communities.

The Island of Corsica is associated with

A. Mussolini
B. Hitler
C. Napolean Bonaparte
D. Winston Churchill
Answer» C. Napolean Bonaparte
Explanation: Corsica is a French island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is located west of Italy, southeast of the French mainland, and north of the Italian island of Sardinia, mainland, and north of the Italian island of Sardinia. The French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was born in 1769 in the Corsican capital of Ajaccio.

In which of the following wars, were the French completely defeated by the English?

A. Battle of Wandiwash
B. Battle of Buxar
C. Battle of Plassey
D. Battle of Adyar
Answer» A. Battle of Wandiwash
Explanation: The Battle of Wandiwash was a decisive battle in India during the Seven Years' War. The Count de Lally's army, burdened by a lack of naval support and funds, attempted to regain the fort at Vandavasi near Pondicherry. He was attacked by Sir Eyre Coote's forces and decisively defeated. The French general Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau and the French were then restricted to Pondicherry, where they surrendered on 16 January 1761.

Name the country where the first Industrial Revolution took place :

A. America
B. Great Britain
C. Germany
D. France
Answer» B. Great Britain
Explanation: The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

The Opium wars were fought between-

A. Britain and China
B. Britain and India
C. India and China
D. Britain and Japan
Answer» A. Britain and China
Explanation: The Opium Wars, also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, divided into the First Opium War from 1839 to 1842 and the Second Opium War from 1856 to 1860.

Absolute sovereign power of the Monarch was advocated by -

A. Thomas Hobbes
B. Rousseau
C. John Locke
D. Karl Marx
Answer» A. Thomas Hobbes
Explanation: Thomas Hobbes was a champion of absolutism for the sovereign. According to Hobbes, society is a population beneath a sovereign authority, to whom all individuals in that society cede some rights for the sake of protection.

Alexander the Great died in 323 B.C. in

A. Persia
B. Babylon
C. Macedonia
D. Taxila
Answer» B. Babylon
Explanation: Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, without executing a series of plannedcampaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia. In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in several states ruled by the Diadochi, Alexander's surviving generals and heirs.

According to Marx, the source of value is -

A. Capital
B. Land
C. Labour
D. None of the above
Answer» C. Labour
Explanation: According to Marx's labor theory of value, human labor is the only source of net new economic value. He described labor as necessary for all earnings and capital accumulation.

"The word impossible is found in the dictionary of fools" was the famous quote of :

A. Hitler
B. Alexander the Great
C. Julius Caesar
D. Napoleon
Answer» D. Napoleon
Explanation: It was Napoleon Bonaparte, the great conqueror, who said, "Impossible is a word to be found only in the dictionary of fools. He said, "Impossible is not in my dictionary."

Mandan materialism came from the idea of -

A. Hegel
B. Feuerbach
C. Darwin
D. Engels
Answer» C. Darwin
Explanation: Mandan materialism is a methodological approach to the study of society, economics, and history. It was first articulated as the materialist conception of history in which changes in material conditions are the primary influence in the organization of society and economy. Darwin applied materialist philosophy to nature, while Marx-Engels applied it to history.

Napoleon got finally overthrown in the Battle of Waterloo in the year –

A. 1814
B. 1813
C. 1815
D. 1816
Answer» C. 1815
Explanation: The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. A French army under the command of Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington.

Who was a founder member of the Russian Populist Movement "Anarchism"?

A. Mikhail Bakunin
B. Gorkhy
C. Leo Tolstoy
D. Turganev
Answer» A. Mikhail Bakunin
Explanation: Mikhail Bakunin (1814-1876) was the founder and most prominent leader of Russian Anarchism. He is regarded as one of the fathers of modern terrorism. Anarchism was the first Russian intellectual movement to have a significant international impact.

Fascism believes in the application of the principle of :

A. Dictatorship
B. Democracy
C. Utilitarianism
D. Totalitarianism
Answer» D. Totalitarianism
Explanation: Fascism is a form of right-wing totalitarianism which emphasizes the subordination of the individual to advance the interests of the state. The government of Nazi Germany was a fascist, totalitarian state.

Wall Street collapse led to -

A. World War II
B. Recession
C. U.S. attack on Iraq
D. Great Depression
Answer» D. Great Depression
Explanation: The Wall Street Crash of 1929 led to the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries. Also known as Black Tuesday, the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, it began on October 24, 1929 ("Black Thursday"), and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States.

The deas of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity, which influenced the Indian National Movement, was taken from -

A. American Revolution
B. Russian Revolution
C. Chinese revolution
D. French revolution
Answer» D. French revolution
Explanation: The Indian national movement borrowed the concepts of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity ("Liberte, fraternity") from the French Revolution. Even after India's independence, the triad found its mention in the preamble to the Indian constitution.

Independence movement of Vietnam was headed by -

A. Ngo Dinh Diem
B. Zhou Enlai
C. Pol Pot
D. Ho Chi Minh
Answer» D. Ho Chi Minh
Explanation: Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese Communist dictator who was prime minister (1945-1955) and president (1945-1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War.

Which one country is still governed by a monarch?

A. Afghanistan
B. Iran
C. Iraq
D. Saudi Arabia
Answer» D. Saudi Arabia
Explanation: Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom or Saudi Arabia, is an absolute monarchy, although, according to the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia adopted by royal decree in 1992, the king must comply with Sharia (that is, Islamic law) and the Quran. The Quran and the Sunnah (the traditions of Muhammad) are declared to be the country's constitution, but no written modernconstitution has ever been written for Saudi.

The Wailing wall is situated in -

A. Berlin
B. Beijing
C. Jerusalem
D. Tel Aviv
Answer» C. Jerusalem
Explanation: The Western Wall (Wailing Wall) is the holiest shrine of the Jewish world which is located in Jerusalem. The Western Wall is part of the retaining wall supporting the temple mount built by Herod in 20 B.C. After the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 A.D., Jews were not allowed to come to Jerusalem until the Byzantine period, when they could visit once a year on the anniversary of the destruction of the Temple and weep over the ruins of the Holy Temple. Because of this, the wall became known as the "Wailing Wall."

Which of the following is not, a religion developed in ancient time (i.e. In B.C.)?

A. Shintoism
B. Zorostrianism
C. Islam
D. Taoism
Answer» C. Islam
Explanation: Most religious historians view Islam as having been founded in 622 CE by Muhammad the Prophet (peace be upon him). He lived from about 570 to 632 CE). The religion started in Mecca, when the angel Jibril read the first revelation to Muhammad.

The Great Wall of China was built by -

A. Li-tai-pu
B. Shih Huang-ti
C. Lao-tze
D. Confucius
Answer» C. Lao-tze
Explanation: Shih Huang Ti (259 - 210 BC) was the first ruler to unify all of China. His public works projects included the unification of diverse state walls into a single Great Wall of China and a massive new national road system, as well as the city-sized mausoleum guarded by the life-sized Terracotta Army.

The Crimean War in 1854-1856 was fought between -

A. Russia and Turkey
B. USA and England
C. Russia and Japan
D. England and France
Answer» A. Russia and Turkey
Explanation: The Crimean War (October 1853- February 1856), also known as Eastern War, was fought mainly on the Crimean Peninsula between the Russians and the British, French, and Ottoman Turkish and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was controlled by the Ottoman Empire.

In U.S.A. the President is elected by -

A. The Senate
B. Universal Adult Franchise
C. The House of Representatives
D. The Congress
Answer» B. Universal Adult Franchise
Explanation: The U.S. president is indirectly elected by the people through the Electoral College to a four-year term, and is one of only two nationally elected federal officers, the other being the Vice President of the United States. A number of electors, collectively known as the Electoral College, officially select the president. On Election Day, voters in each of the states and the District of Columbia cast ballots for these electors.

he declaration that Democracy is a Government 'of the people, by the people; for the people' was made by –

A. George Washington
B. Winston Churchill
C. Abraham Lincoln
D. Theodore Roosevelt
Answer» C. Abraham Lincoln
Explanation: The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, considered one of the most well known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War, on the afternoon of November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg. Abraham Lincoln's carefully crafted address, secondary to other presentations that day, came to be regarded as one of the greatest speeches in American history.

The Declaration of American In- dependence was based on the theory of –

A. Civil Rights
B. Moral Rights
C. Legal Rights
D. Natural Rights
Answer» D. Natural Rights
Explanation: The declaration contained 3 sections: a general statement of natural rights theory and the purpose of government, a list of grievances against the British King, and the declaration of independence from England. These rights are found in eternal "Laws of Nature and of Nature's God."

Slash and burn agriculture is known as ‘Milpas in –

A. Venezuela
B. Brazil
C. Central Africa
D. Mexico and Central America
Answer» D. Mexico and Central America
Explanation: Milpa is a crop-growing system used throughout Mesoamerica (the region of central-southeastern Mexico and northern Central America where the most important pre- Hispanic civilizations flourished). Based on the ancient agricultural methods of Maya, Zapotec and other Mesoamerican peoples, milpa agriculture produces maize (corn), beans, and squash, along with other crops suitable to the local conditions.

Who discovered Cape of Good Hope in 1488?

A. Magellan
B. Columbus
C. Bartholomew Dias
D. Vasco da gama
Answer» C. Bartholomew Dias
Explanation: Bartholomew Dias, a Portuguese voyager, discovered the Cape of Good Hope in Africa in December 1487. He had named the Cape "the Cape of Storms" (Cabo das Tormentas), but King JohnII of Portugal later renamed it Cabode Boa Esperanca (Cape of Good Hope).

The development process under Capitalism has been described as "Creative Destruction" by -

A. Schumpeter
B. Karl Marx
C. Hansen
D. J. S. Mill
Answer» A. Schumpeter
Explanation: The concept of 'Creative destruction' in economics is associated with the Austrian American economist Joseph Schumpeter. He derived it from the work of Karl Marx and popularized it as a theory of economic innovation and the business cycle. According to Schumpeter's theory, creative destruction will lead, to the eventual failure of capitalism.

When was the League of Nations established?

A. In 1918
B. In 1920
C. In 1939
D. In 1914
Answer» B. In 1920
Explanation: The League of Nations was founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War. It was the first inter-national organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. The League lasted for 26 years; the United Nations replaced it after the end of the Second World War on 20 April 1946.

The previous name of Zaire was -

A. Benin
B. Liberia
C. congo
D. Sierra Leone
Answer» D. Sierra Leone
Explanation: Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire was the name of a Central African state, now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, between 1971 and 1997. The state's name derives from the name of the Congo River, called Zaire in Portuguese.

Two - Party System is found in -

A. Russia
B. U.S.A.
C. India
D. France
Answer» B. U.S.A.
Explanation: A two-party system is a system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government. For example, in the United States, the two party system describes an arrangement in which nearly all elected officials only belong to one of the two major parties.

Pearl Harbour, where the American Pacific Fleet was stationed, was attacked by Japanese in–

A. 1935
B. 1939
C. 1941
D. 1944
Answer» C. 1941
Explanation: The attack on Pearl was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Nether-lands, and the United States.

Bangladesh was created in -

A. 1970
B. 1972
C. 1973
D. 1971
Answer» D. 1971
Explanation: Modern Bangladesh came into being on March 26, 1971 when it proclaimed Declaration of Independence from Pakistan. It was followed by Bangladesh-India Allied Forces defeating the Pakistan Army, culminating in its surrender and the Liberation of Dhaka on 16 December 1971. On 17 December 1971, the nation of BanglaDesh was finally established.

The Chinese Nationalist Party Kuomintang was found by -

A. Pu-yi
B. Mao Tse-tung
C. Chiang Kai-shek
D. Sun Yat-sen
Answer» C. Chiang Kai-shek
Explanation: The Kuomintang translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, was one of the dominant parties of the early Republic of China, from 1912 onwards, and remains one of the main political parties in modern Taiwan. Its guiding ideology is the Three Principles of the People, advocated by Sun Yat- Sen. The KMT was foundedby Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen shortly after the Xinhai Revolution. Later led by Chiang Kai-shek, it ruled much of China from 1928 until its retreat to Taiwan in 1949 after being defeated by the Communist Party of China (CPC) during the Chinese Civil War.

Japan's Parliament is known as -

A. Diet
B. Dail
C. Yuan
D. Shores
Answer» A. Diet
Explanation: The Diet is Japan's bicameral legislature. It is composed of a lower house, called the House of Representatives, and an upper house, called the House of Councillors. Both houses of the Diet are directly elected under a parallel voting system. In addition to passing laws, the Diet is formally responsible for selecting the Prime Minister. The Diet was firstconvened as the Imperial Diet in 1889 as a result of adopting the Meiji constitution.

When did China start the Civil Services Examinations?

A. 6 A.D
B. 1905
C. 1920
D. 1949
Answer» A. 6 A.D
Explanation: One of the oldest examples of a civil service based on meritocracy is the Imperial bureaucracy of China, which can be traced as far back as the Qin Dynasty (221-207 BC). During the Han Dynasty (202 BC-220 AD) the xiaolian system of recommendation by superiors for appointments to office was established. The civil service recruitment method and educational system employed from the Han dynasty (206 B.C. A.D. 220) was abolished by the Ch'ing dowager empress Tz'u Hsi in 1905under pressure from leading Chinese intellectuals.

"What is the Third Estate?" pamphlet associated with the French Revolution, was written by :

A. Marquis-Lafayette
B. Edmund Burke
C. Joseph Foulon
D. Abbe Sieyes
Answer» D. Abbe Sieyes
Explanation: What Is the Third Estate? is a political pamphlet written by French thinker and clergyman Abbe Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes in January 1789, shortly before the outbreak of the French Revolution.

When was the first of the Geneva Conventions on the treatment of war victims adopted?

A. 1832
B. 1857
C. 1864
D. 1909
Answer» C. 1864
Explanation: The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, arid three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for the humanitarian treatmentof war. The singular term Geneva Convention denotes the agreements of 1949, negotiated in the aftermath of the Second World War (1939- 45), which updated the terms of the first three treaties (1864, 1906, 1929), and added a fourth treaty. The First Geneva Convention (1864), for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field, is one of four treaties of the Geneva Conventions.

Who was the first Prime-Minister of England?

A. Oliver Cromwell
B. Benjamin Disraeli
C. Robert Walpole
D. Gladstone
Answer» C. Robert Walpole
Explanation: Sir Robert Walpole, was a British statesman who is generally regarded as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain.

Marx belonged to -

A. Germany
B. Holland
C. France
D. Britain
Answer» A. Germany
Explanation: Karl Heinrich Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist movement. Revolutionary socialist governments espousing Marxist concepts took power in a variety of countries in the 20th century, leading to the formation of such socialist states as the Soviet Union in 1922 and the People's Republic of China in 1949.

In Greek mythology, Apollo is the god of what?

A. Prophecy
B. Medicine
C. Love
D. Peace
Answer» A. Prophecy
Explanation: Apollo is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in ancient Greek and Roman the Olympiandeities in ancient Greek and Roman religion, Greek and Roman mythology, and GrecoRoman Neo-paganism. The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun, truth and prophecy, healing, plague, music, poetry, and more.

The "Last Supper' a famous Re- naissance Painting was a master piece of –

A. Michael Angelo
B. Titian
C. Leonardo da Vinci
D. Raphael
Answer» C. Leonardo da Vinci
Explanation: The Last Supper is a late 15th- century mural painting by Leonardo da Vinci. It represents the scene of The Last Supper of Jesus with his disciples, as it is told in the Gospel of John.

From which language, has the term 'democracy' been derived?

A. Greek
B. Hebrew
C. English
D. Latin
Answer» A. Greek
Explanation: The term 'Democracy' has been derived from the Greek word Demokratia which means "rule of people". It was coined from 'Demos' (people) and aratos' (power or rule) in the 5th century BC to denote the political system then existing in Greek city states, notably Athens.

What is the name of the world's smallest republic which has an area of 21 sq. km only?

A. Nauru
B. Palermo
C. Vatican City
D. Namur
Answer» A. Nauru
Explanation: Nauru, formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia in the South Pacific. it is the world's smallest republic, covering, just 21 squarekilometres. With 9,378 residents, it is the second least-populated country after Vatican City.
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