World Geography (GK) Solved MCQs


Which country is known as the “Cockpit of Europe”?

A. Belgium
B. Switzerland
C. Netherlands
D. Luxembourg
Answer» A. Belgium
Explanation: Belgium is usually called as the cockpit of Europe. Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a state in Western Europe. Belgium is so called because it has been the site of more European battles than any other country; for example, Oudenarde, Ramillies, Fontenoy, Fleurus. Jemmapes, Ligny. Quatre Bras, Waterloo.

Which of the following is the largest museum?

A. The Louvre
B. The National Museum, New York
C. The London Museum
D. The Vatican Museum
Answer» A. The Louvre
Explanation: The louvre is one of the world’s largest museums, and a historic monument. A central Iandmark of Paris, France, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine. With more than 8 million visitors each year, the Louvre is the world’s most visited museum.

In which of the following countries long staple type of cotton is mainly grown?

A. India
B. Egypt
C. Greece
D. China
Answer» B. Egypt
Explanation: The merger between Commodity Exchange Inc. and the New York Mercantile exchange has created the world’s largest physical futures trading exchange, called COMEX. Since the merger in 1994, the COMEX division has incorporated the trading of aluminum future contracts. New York Mercantile Exchange (COMEX) and Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) is the world’s largest gold futures trading center.

The part of Equatorial region which has well developed rubber plantations is -

A. Amazon basin
B. Indonesia
C. Malaysia
D. Zaire basin
Answer» C. Malaysia
Explanation: Malaysia is the leading producer of natural rubber in the world. About 46% of the total world’s rubber is produced in Malaysia. The rubber plantation was started in Malaysia in 1877. Rubber can grow anywhere in Malaysia, because of the suitability of climate and soil; but most of the rubber estates are concentrated in the western coastal plains of Malaysia. The plantation in coastal zone gets the advantage of nearest port for its export. Yet very low areas are avoided in order not to suffer from stagnation of water. The greatest production is in its Jahore State of Southern Malaysia. Here, rubber cultivation occupies about 4-2 million acres or about 65% of the total cultivated area in the country.

The largest producer of coffee in the world is -

A. Brazil
B. Sri Lanka
C. India
D. Myanmar
Answer» A. Brazil
Explanation: In 2009 Brazil was the world leader in production of coffee. followed by Vietnam, Indonesia and Colombia. Arabica coffee beans are cultivated in Latin America, eastern Africa, Arabia, or Asia. Robusta coffee beans are grown in western and central Africa, throughout Southeast Asia, and to some extent in Brazil.

Which of the following countries has highest percentage of land under cultivation?

A. U.S.A.
B. India
C. China
D. Canada
Answer» B. India
Explanation: The Agricultural land (% of land area) in India was 60.53 in 2009, according to a World Bank report, published in 2010. Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and underpermanent pastures. India comes behind Bangladesh in this respect which has more than 70 per cent of its land area under cultivation.

The largest producer of wool in the world is -

A. Australia
B. China
C. Argentina
D. New Zealand
Answer» A. Australia
Explanation: The country with the largest production of wool is Australia. Australia’s production is 25% of the world’s total production or equivalent to 475 million kg. The next largest wool-producing country is China — 18% of the world’s production.

The Daocheng Yading Airport is located in -

A. Thailand
B. Philippines
C. China
D. Tibet
Answer» D. Tibet
Explanation: Daocheng Yading Airport is scheduled for construction in Daocheng County in Garzé Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province, China. At 4,410 m above sea level, it will be higher than Qamdo Bangda Airport, the world’s current highest airport.

‘Dykes’ are especially constructed in -

A. Norway
B. Holland
C. France
D. United Kingdom
Answer» B. Holland
Explanation: A dike or dyke in geology is a type of sheet intrusion referring to any geologic body that cuts discordantly across: planar wall rock structures, such as bedding or foliation; and massive rock formations, like igneous/Magmatic intrusions and salt diapirs. Today, approximately 27 percent of the Netherlands is actually below sea level. Thisarea is home to over 60 percent of the country’s population of 15.8 million people. The Netherlands, which is approximately the size of the U.S. states Connecticut and Massachusetts combined, has an approximate average elevation of 11 meters. With the help of dikes, the Netherlands (also known as Holland) was able to reclaim land for settlement and also control flooding.

Colorado in U.S.A. is famous for this landform             .

A. Grand Canyon
B. Grand Crators
C. Great Valleys
D. Great Basins
Answer» A. Grand Canyon
Explanation: The Grand Canyon is a steep- sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in the United States in the state of Arizona. It is contained within and managed by Grand Canyon National Park, the Hualapai Tribal Nation, and the Havasupai Tribe. Nearly two billion years of the Earth's geological history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut their channels through layer after layer of rock while the Colorado Plateau was uplifted. While the specific geologic processes and timing that formed the Grand Canyon are the subject of debate by geologists, recent evidence suggests the Colorado River established its course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago.

Which of the following volcanoes is situated in Mexico?

A. Colima
B. Purace
C. Semeru
D. Etna
Answer» A. Colima
Explanation: The Volcan de Colima, also known as Volcan de Fuego is part of the Colima volcanic complex consisting of Volcan de Colima and Nevado de Colima. It is the younger of the two and is currently one of the most active volcanos in Mexico and in North America. It has erupted more than 40 times since 1576.

The Melanesian Island Group lies in the -

A. Pacific Ocean
B. Atlantic Ocean
C. Indian Ocean
D. Arctic Ocean
Answer» A. Pacific Ocean
Explanation: Melanesia is a sub-region of Oceania extending from the western end of the Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea, and eastward to Fiji, The region comprises most of the islands immediately north and northeast of Australia.

The Strait of Gibraltar provides entry into the -

A. Indian Ocean
B. Red Sea
C. Mediterranean Sea
D. Atlantic Ocean
Answer» D. Atlantic Ocean
Explanation: The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Spain in Europe from Morocco in Africa.

The Chinese river known as yellow river is -

A. Hwang-Ho
B. Sikiang
C. Yangtse-Kiang
D. Mekong
Answer» A. Hwang-Ho
Explanation: The Yellow River or Huang He, formerly spelled Hwang Ho is the second- longest river in China after the Yangtze and the sixth-longest in the world. The Yellow River is called "the cradle of Chinese civilization.” Hwang Ho is called Yellow River because of the high volumes of sediment in it.

The Strait that connects Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea is -

A. Panama Strait
B. Suez Strait
C. Palk Strait
D. Bering Strait
Answer» B. Suez Strait
Explanation: The Suez Strait connects Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea.

The world’s largest island is -

A. New Guinea
B. Madagascar
C. Greenland
D. Iceland
Answer» C. Greenland
Explanation: The world’s largest island is Greenland (North Atlantic), Denmark. Its area is 2,175,597 sq. km.

Which is the hottest place on Earth?

A. Death Valley - California
B. El Azizia - Libya
C. Jacobabad - Pakistan
D. Atacama - Peru
Answer» B. El Azizia - Libya
Explanation: El Azizia had the distinction of having recorded a high temperature of 57.8 °C in 1922 which was long considered the highest temperature ever measured on Earth. However, the World Meteorological Organization, in September 2012, announced that the world record for hottest temperature is now 56.7 °C recorded on 10 July 1913 at Greenland Ranch in Death Valley, California, USA.

The cyclone that brought devastation in Bangladesh was named as -

A. Shary
B. Sidr
C. Wendy
D. Erin
Answer» B. Sidr
Explanation: El Azizia had the distinction of having recorded a high temperature of 57.8 °C in 1922 which was long considered the highesttemperature ever measured on Earth. However, the World Meteorological Organization, in September 2012, announced that the world record for hottest temperature is now 56.7 °C recorded on 10 July 1913 at Greenland Ranch in Death Valley, California, USA.

Which of the following cities is the capital of the desert country Mali?

A. Damascus
B. Bamako
C. Adra
D. Ankara
Answer» B. Bamako
Explanation: Bamako is the capital and largest city of Mali. In 2006, it was estimated to be the fastest growing city in Africa and sixth-fastest in the world. It is the seventh-largest West African urban center after Lagos, Abidjan, Kano, Ibadan, Dakar, and Accra. It is located on the Niger River.

Which of the following country has the longest overland tunnel?

A. Germany
B. Switzerland
C. Spain
D. France
Answer» B. Switzerland
Explanation: The Letschberg Base Tunnel in Switzerland is currently the world’s longest land tunnel (except for some metro tunnels) and accommodates passenger and freight trains. It runs between Frutigen, Berne and Raron, Valais. It is the third longest tunnel overall.

Which one of the following cities of Iraq is located on Tigris river?

A. Baghdad
B. Mousul
C. Kirkuk
D. Basra
Answer» A. Baghdad
Explanation: Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, is located on a vast plain bisected by the River Tigris. The Tigris splits Baghdad in half, with the eastern half being called ‘Risafa’ and the Western half known as ‘Karkh’. The land on which the city is built is almost entirely flat and low-lying, being of alluvial origin due to the periodic large floods which have occurred on the river.

Which of the following is the Third largest country in population after China and India?

A. Bangladesh
B. United States of America
C. Indonesia
D. Japan
Answer» B. United States of America
Explanation: United States is the third largest country in terms of population after China and India.

The biggest reserves of Thorium are in

A. China
C. India
D. France
Answer» C. India
Explanation: Both the [AEA and OECD appear to conclude that India may possess the largest share of world’s thorium deposits. Of the currently known world thorium reserves, India has a mammoth share - ranging from 25-30% of the total of 1,160 thousand tonnes. In India, thorium is mainly found in the beach sands on the Kerala coast. :

One of the leading producers of asbestos in the world is -

A. Australia
B. Russia
C. Canada
D. Armenia
Answer» B. Russia
Explanation: As per the statistics for world mine production of asbestos from 2010 to 2015, Russia is the world’s largest producer of asbestos, with an annual production of around 1.1 million metric tons. Russia’s share in the global production is about 55%. China, Brazil, Kazakhstan and Canada come next.

Which one of the following is not a line of demarcation between two countries?

A. International Date Line
B. MacMahon Line
C. Radcliffe Line
D. Durand Line
Answer» A. International Date Line
Explanation: The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary line on the surface of the Earth from the north to the south pole and demarcates one calendar day from the next. It passes through the middle of the Pacific Ocean, roughly following the 180° longitude but it deviates to pass around some territories and island groups.
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