# 80+ Estimating and Costing Solved MCQs

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1.

## The rate of payment is made for 100 cu m (per % cu m) in case of

A. earth work in excavation
B. rock cutting
C. excavation in trenches for foundation
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
2.

## The rate of an item of work depends on

A. specifications of works
B. specifications of materials
C. proportion of mortar
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
3.

## The main factor to be considered while preparing a detailed estimate, is

A. quantity of the materials
B. availability of materials
C. transportation of materials
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
4.

A. 10 cm
B. 15 cm
C. 20 cm
D. none of these
Answer» A. 10 cm
5.

## The plinth area of a building not includes

A. area of the walls at the floor level
B. internal shaft for sanitary installations up to 2 sq m. in area
C. lift and wall including landing
D. area of cantilevered porch
Answer» D. area of cantilevered porch
6.

## If the formation level of a highway has a uniform gradient for a particular length, and the ground is also having a longitudinal slope, the earthwork may be calculated by

A. mid-section formula
B. trapezoidal formula
C. prismoidal formula
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
7.

## A cement concrete road is 1000 m long, 8 m wide and 15 cm thick over the sub-base of 10 cm thick gravel. The box cutting in road crust is

A. 500 m3
B. 1000 m3
C. 1500 m3
D. 2000 m3
Answer» C. 1500 m3
8.

## While estimating the qualities for the construction of a building, the correct metric unit is

A. metre for length
B. cubic metre for area
C. square metres for volume
D. litre for capacity
Answer» D. litre for capacity
9.

## The brick work is not measured in cu m in case of

A. one or more than one brick wall
B. brick work in arches
C. reinforced brick work
D. half brick wall
Answer» D. half brick wall
10.

## The assumption on which the trapezoidal formula for volumes is based, is

A. the end sections are parallel planes
B. the mid-area of a pyramid is half the average area of the ends
C. the volume of the prismoidal is over-estimated and hence a prismoidal correction is applied
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
11.

## In the mid-section formula

A. the mean depth is the average of depths of two consecutive sections
B. the area of mid-sections is calculated by using mean depth
C. the volume of the earth work is calculated by multiplying the mid-section area by the distance between the two original sections
D. all of the above
Answer» D. all of the above
12.

## Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. the earth work of cutting in trenches or borrow pits in fairly uniform ground is measured with the help of average depths of the dead men
B. the earth work in trenches or borrow pits in irregular ground is measured by taking the difference in levels before and after completion of work
C. the earth work in trenches or borrow pits, where neither a nor b is feasible, are measured from the fillings after deduction of voids
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
13.

## The cross-sections for a highway is taken at

A. right angle to the centre line
B. 30 metres apart
C. intermediate points having abrupt change in gradient
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
14.

## Referring of given figure, pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. the total length of centre line of four walls is 20 m
B. length of long wall out-to-out is 6.80 m
C. length of short walls in-to-in is 3.20 m
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
15.

## According to Indian Standards Institute, the actual size of modular bricks is

A. 23 cm × 11.5 cm × 7.5 cm
B. 25 cm × 13 cm × 7.5 cm
C. 19 cm × 9 cm × 9 cm
D. 20 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm
Answer» C. 19 cm × 9 cm × 9 cm
16.

## The following item of earth work is not measured separately.

A. setting out of works
B. site clearance
C. steps in deep excavation
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
17.

## The measurement is made in square metre in case of

A. cement concrete in foundation
B. r.c.c. structure
C. hollow concrete block wall
D. none of these
Answer» D. none of these
18.

## Cost of fittings and their fixing is specified for the following sanitary fittings

A. water closets
B. flushing pipes
C. lavatory basins
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
19.

## The excavation exceeding 1.5 m in width and 10 sq.m in plan area with a depth not exceeding 30 cm, is termed as

A. excavation
B. surface dressing
C. cutting
D. surface excavation
Answer» D. surface excavation
20.

## For the construction of buildings, the subheads of the estimate are

A. earthwork, concrete work, brick work
B. brickwork, stone work, roofing
C. brickwork flooring, wood work, steel work
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
21.

## Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. pointing is measured in sq.m
B. plastering is measured in sq.m
C. glazing is measured in sq.m
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
22.

## The cross-section of a road partly in banking and partly in cutting is shown in the given figure. The area of the shaded portion is

A. b - rd)²/(r - s)
B. b - rd)²/(r + s)
C. ½ × (b + rd)²/(r - s)
D. b - rd)²/(s - r)
Answer» A. b - rd)²/(r - s)
23.

## Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. if the bed level is above n.s.l. the canal is called fully in baking and the berms are designed as 3 d where d is full supply depth of water (f.s.d.)
B. area of canal in cutting = bd + sd 2 where b = bed width, d = depth of cutting and s is the side slope
C. if f.s.l. is above n.s.l the canal is called partly in cutting and partly in filling and berms are designed as 2d where d is full supply depth
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
24.

## Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. no deduction is made for the volume occupied by reinforcement
B. no deduction is made for the openings upto 0.1 sq.m
C. no deduction is made for volumes occupied by pipes, not exceeding 100 sq.cm in crosssection
D. none of these
Answer» D. none of these
25.

A. 45 cm
B. 50 cm
C. 30 cm
D. 25 cm
Answer» A. 45 cm
26.

## Pick up the excavation where measurements are made in square metres for payment.

A. ordinary cuttings up to 1 m
B. surface dressing up to 15 cm depths
C. surface excavation up to 30 cm depths
D. both (b) and (c)
Answer» D. both (b) and (c)
27.

## As per Indian Standard Specifications, the peak discharge for domestic purposes per capita per minute, is taken

A. 1.80 litres for 5 to 10 users
B. 1.20 litres for 15 users
C. 1.35 for 20 users
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
28.

## In long and short wall method of estimation, the length of long wall is the centre to centre distance between the walls and

A. breadth of the wall
B. half breadth of wall on each side
C. one fourth breadth of wall on each side
D. none of these
Answer» B. half breadth of wall on each side
29.

## The expected out turn of cement concrete 1 : 2 : 4 per mason per day is

A. 1.5 m3
B. 2.5 m3
C. 3.5 m3
D. 5.0 m3
Answer» D. 5.0 m3
30.

## The value of 'C' of Indian type W.C. shown in the given figure is:

A. 400 mm
B. 450 mm
C. 500 mm
D. 550 mm
Answer» C. 500 mm
31.

## The area is measured correct to the nearest

A. 0.01 sqm
B. 0.02 sqm
C. 0.03 sqm
D. 0.04 sqm
Answer» A. 0.01 sqm
32.

## The measurement is not made in square metres in case of

A. d.p.c. (damp proof course)
B. form works
C. concrete jeffries
D. r.c. chhajja
Answer» D. r.c. chhajja
33.

A. 25 cm
B. 30 cm
C. 40 cm
D. 45 cm
Answer» B. 30 cm
34.

## The trap which is provided to disconnect the house drain from the street sewer is called

A. master trap
B. intercepting trap
C. interception manhole
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
35.

A. 2.0 %
B. 2.5 %
C. 4.0 %
D. 5.0 %
Answer» D. 5.0 %
36.

## The cost of the earthwork in excavation for the surface drain of cross-section shown in the given figure for a total length of 5 metres @ Rs. 450% cum, is

A. rs. 400
B. rs. 425
C. rs. 450
D. rs. 500
Answer» C. rs. 450
37.

## The expected out turn of 2.5 cm cement concrete floor per mansion per day

A. 2.5 sqm
B. 5.0 sqm
C. 7.5 sqm
D. 10 sqm
Answer» C. 7.5 sqm
38.

## Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. the bent up bars at a support resist the negative bending moment
B. the bent up bars at a support resist the sharing force
C. the bending of bars near supports is generally at 45°
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
39.

## While preparing a detailed estimate

A. dimension should be measured correct to 0.01 m
B. area should be measured correct to 0.01 sqm
C. volume should be measured correct to 0.01 cum
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
40.

## The item of the brick structure measured in sq.m, is

A. reinforced brick work
B. broken glass coping
C. brick edging
D. brick work in arches
Answer» B. broken glass coping
41.

## The most reliable estimate is

A. detailed estimate
B. preliminary estimate
C. plinth area estimate
D. cube rate estimate
Answer» A. detailed estimate
42.

## According to ISI method of measurement, the order of the sequence is

A. length, breadth, height
B. breadth, length, height
C. height, length, breadth
D. none of these
43.

## Anti-siphonage pipe is connected to

A. main soil pipe
B. bottom of p trap w.c.
C. top of p trap w.c.
D. side of water closet
Answer» C. top of p trap w.c.
44.

## Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. in a gully trap, a water seal of 6 to 7.5 cm is provided
B. the gully trap collects waste water from the kitchen, sink, wash basins, etc.
C. the gully trap disconnects the sullage drain from the main drainage system
D. the grating provided over gully traps is 23 cm square
Answer» B. the gully trap collects waste water from the kitchen, sink, wash basins, etc.
45.

## Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. bricks are paid per thousand
B. cement is paid per 50 kg bag
C. lime is paid per quintal
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
46.

## Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. all pipes and fittings are classified according to their diameters
B. the diameter of the pipes is the nominal diameter of internal bore
C. all pipes are measured along the centre line of the pipes in metres
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
47.

## Pick up the correct statement in case of water supply.

A. pipes laid in trenches and pipes fixed to walls are measured separately
B. cutting through walls and floors are included with the item
C. pipes are classified according to their sizes and quality
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
48.

## The concrete work for the following part of the building of specified thickness is measured in square metres

A. root slabs
B. floors
C. wall panels
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
49.

## The expected out turn of 12 mm plastering with cement mortar is

A. 2.5 sq m
B. 4.0 sq m
C. 6.0 sq m
D. 8.0 sq m
Answer» D. 8.0 sq m
50.

## The total length of a cranked bar through a distance (d) at 45° in case of a beam of effective length L, is

A. l + 0.42 d
B. l + (2 × 0.42 d)
C. l - (0.42 d)
D. l - (2 × 0.4 d)
Answer» B. l + (2 × 0.42 d)
51.

## The measurement is made for stone work in square metre in case of

A. wall facing
B. columns, lintels, copings
C. building work
D. (a) and (d) of the above
Answer» D. (a) and (d) of the above
52.

## Carpet area does not include the area of

A. the walls along with doors and other openings
B. bath room and lavatory
C. kitchen and pantry
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
53.

## The cross-sectional area of the embankment of a canal fully in embankment in the given figure is

A. ½ ( + ) h
B. ( + ) h + sb²
C. ( + ) + 2sh²
D. 2 [( + ) (b + sh²)]
Answer» C. ( + ) + 2sh²
54.

## The correct Prismoidal formula for volume is

A. d [first area + last area + even area + 2 odd areas]
B. d/3 [first area + last area + 4 even area + 2 odd areas]
C. d/3 [first area + last area + 2 even area + 4 odd areas]
D. d/6 [first area + odd areas]
Answer» B. d/3 [first area + last area + 4 even area + 2 odd areas]
55.

## In case of laying gullies, siphons, intercepting traps, the cost includes

A. setting and laying
B. bed concreting
C. connection to drains
D. all of these
Answer» D. all of these
56.

## The inspection pit or chamber is a manhole provided in a base drainage system

A. at every change of direction
B. at every change of gradient
C. at every 30 m intervals
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
57.

## Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. dimensions are measured to the nearest 0.01 m
B. areas are measured to the nearest 0.01 sq.m
C. cubic contents are measured to the nearest 0.1 cum
D. weights are measured to the nearest 0.001 tonnes
Answer» C. cubic contents are measured to the nearest 0.1 cum
58.

## The 'centre line method' is specially adopted for estimating

A. circular buildings
B. hexagonal buildings
C. octagonal buildings
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
59.

## Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. the built up covered area at the floor level of any storey of a building is called plinth area
B. the usable covered area of the rooms of any storey of a building is called carpet area
C. the carpet area of a building along with area of its kitchen, pantry, store, lavatory, bath room and glazed veranda, is called floor area
D. none of these
Answer» D. none of these
60.

## The unit of measurement is per quintal for the following:

A. collapsible gates with rails
B. rolling shutters
C. expanded metal wire netting
D. m.s. reinforcement of r.c.c. works
Answer» D. m.s. reinforcement of r.c.c. works
61.

## The diameter of a domestic sewer pipe laid at gradient 1 in 100 is recommended

A. 100 mm
B. 150 mm
C. 200 mm
D. 175 mm
Answer» B. 150 mm
62.

## The order of booking dimensions is

A. length, breadth, height
B. breadth, length, height
C. height, breadth, length
D. none of these
63.

## Pick up the incorrect statement regarding a master trap from the following:

A. it is provided in between the lower end of the house drain and the street sewer
B. it is provided a cleaning eye at the top of the trap
C. the mica flap valve which opens inwards only, is fitted at the top of the inlet pipe
D. the water seal is less than that of ordinary traps
Answer» D. the water seal is less than that of ordinary traps
64.

## S: 1 and length is

A. d × d × s
B. d2× (ds)2]
C. l.d 1 + s2)
D. 2 l.d 1 + s2)
Answer» C. l.d 1 + s2)
65.

## The detention period in a septic tank is assumed

A. 20 minutes
B. 25 minutes
C. 30 minutes
D. 40 minutes
Answer» C. 30 minutes
66.

## Pick up the item of work not included in the plinth area estimate

A. wall thickness
B. room area
C. w.c. area
D. courtyard area
Answer» D. courtyard area
67.

A. 70 cm
B. 75 cm
C. 80 cm
D. 90 cm
Answer» B. 75 cm
68.

## Pick up the item whose weight is added to the weight of respective item, is

A. cleats
B. brackets
C. bolts
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
69.

## The expected out turn for earth work in excavation in ordinary soil per workman per day is

A. 1.00 cum
B. 2.00 cum
C. 3.00 cum
D. 4.00 cum
Answer» C. 3.00 cum
70.

## The expected out turn of brick work in cement mortar in foundation and plinth per mason per day, is

A. 1.00 m3
B. 1.25 m3
C. 1.50 m3
D. 1.75 m3
Answer» B. 1.25 m3
71.

## The brick work is measured in sq metre, in case of

A. honey comb brick work
B. brick flat soling
C. half brick walls or the partition
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
72.

## The height of the sink of wash basin above floor level is kept

A. 60 cm
B. 70 cm
C. 75 cm to 80 cm
D. 80 cm
Answer» C. 75 cm to 80 cm
73.

## For 12 mm thick cement plastering 1 : 6 on 100 sq.m new brick work, the quantity of cement required, is

A. 0.200 m3
B. 0.247 m3
C. 0.274 m3
D. 0.295 m3
Answer» C. 0.274 m3
74.

## The item of steel work which is measured in sq.m, is

A. collapsible gates
B. rolling shutters
C. ventilators and glazing
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
75.

A. cub. m
B. sq. m
C. metres
D. none of these
Answer» B. sq. m
76.

## The volume is measured correct to the nearest

A. 0.01 cum
B. 0.02 cum
C. 0.03 cum
D. 0.04 cum
Answer» A. 0.01 cum
77.

## For 100 sq. m cement concrete (1 : 2: 4) 4 cm thick floor, the quantity of cement required, is

A. 0.90 m3
B. 0.94 m3
C. 0.98 m3
D. 1.00 m3
Answer» B. 0.94 m3
78.

## Size, capacity and materials need be specified for

A. bib-c*cks
B. stop-c*cks
C. ball valves
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above
79.

## The expected out turn of half brick partition wall per mason per day is

A. 1.5 m3
B. 2.0 m3
C. 4.0 m2
D. 5.0 m2
Answer» B. 2.0 m3
80.

A. 100 %
B. 75 %
C. 50 %
D. 25 %
Answer» C. 50 %
81.

A.
B. 10°
C. 12°
D. 14°
82.

## The weight of an item is measured correct to nearest

A. 0.25 kg
B. 0.50 kg
C. 0.75 kg
D. 1.00 kg
Answer» D. 1.00 kg
83.

## Berms are provided in canals if these are

A. fully in excavation
B. partly in excavation and partly in embankment
C. fully in embankment
D. all the above
Answer» B. partly in excavation and partly in embankment