Indian Polity and Constitution (GK) Solved MCQs


In India, the concept of single citizenship is adopted from –

A. England
B. U.S.A.
C. Canada
D. France
Answer» A. England
Explanation: The Indian Constitution borrowed such features as parliamentary form of government, introduction of Speaker and his role, the concept of single citizenship, the Rule of law, procedure of lawmaking, etc from England. The Indian citizenship and nationality law and the Constitution of India provide single citizenship for all of India.

A federal structure for India was first put forward by the –

A. Act of 1909
B. Act of 1919
C. Act of 1935
D. Act of 1947
Answer» C. Act of 1935
Explanation: The Government of India Act 1935, the voluminous and final constitutional effort at governing British India, articulated three major goals: establishing a loose federal structure, achieving provincial autonomy, and safeguarding minority interests through separate electorates. The federal provisions, intended to unite princely states and British India at the centre, were not implemented because of ambiguities in safeguarding the existing privileges of princes. In February 1937, however, provincial autonomy became a reality when elections were held.

The Drafting of the Constitution was completed on :

A. 26th January, 1950
B. 26th DecembQer, 1949
C. 26th November, 1949
D. 30th November, 1949
Answer» C. 26th November, 1949
Explanation: A Draft Constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the

Who was the President of the Constituent Assembly?

A. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
B. Sardar Patel
C. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
D. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Answer» C. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Explanation: The first temporary 2-day president of the Constituent Assembly was Dr Sachidanand Sinha. Later, Rajendra Prasad was elected president of the Constituent Assembly.

Public Order as an item in the Constitution figures in -

A. the Union List
B. the State List
C. the Concurrent List
D. the Residuary Powers
Answer» B. the State List
Explanation: Public order as an item in the constitution figures in the state list under seventh schedule of the constitution.

Which among the following States has the highest number of seats in the Lok Sabha?

A. Maharashtra
B. Rajasthan
C. Tamil Nadu
D. West Bengal
Answer» A. Maharashtra
Explanation: Maharashtra has 48 seats among all these states.

Who was the first Chairman of Indian Constitution's Drafting Committee?

A. B L Mitter
B. Madhav Rao
C. Dr B R Ambedkar
D. T T Krishnamachari
Answer» C. Dr B R Ambedkar
Explanation: The Government of India Act 1935 provided for dyarchy at the Centre. Under this act, the executive authority of the centre was vested in the Governor. It ended the system of dyarchy at the provincial level introduced by Government of India Act 1919.

In which year the constituent assembly of India started functioning?

A. 1945
B. 1946
C. 1947
D. 1948
Answer» C. 1947
Explanation: On 29 August, 1947, the Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to prepare a Draft Constitution for India. The Constituent assembly adopted the constitution on 26 November 1949 once the process of drafting was completed.

Where in the Indian Constitution has “economic justice” been provided as one of the objectives?

A. mental Rights
B. Directive Principles
C. Fundamental Rights
D. Fundamental Rights and
Answer» B. Directive Principles
Explanation: The Directive Principles are an amalgam of diverse subjects embracing the life of the nation and include principles which are general statements of social policy, principles of administrative policy, socioeconomic rights and a statement of the international policy of the country. Articles 41-43A and Article 48 specifically target the working sections of the nation and provide for the betterment of the workers and their living conditions.

Which one of the following is not enumerated as a right in the Constitution of India?

A. Political and social right
B. Educational right
C. Economic right
D. Right to religion
Answer» C. Economic right
Explanation: Political groups have demanded that the right to work, the right to economic assistance in case of unemployment, old age, and similar rights be enshrined as constitutional guarantees to address issues of poverty and economic insecurity, though these provisions have been enshrined in the Directive Principles of state policy.

In which schedule of the Indian Constitution powers of panchayats are stated?

A. 8th schedule
B. 9th schedule
C. 1 0th schedule
D. 11th schedule
Answer» D. 11th schedule
Explanation: The powers of panchayats are stated in the 11th schedule of the Indian Constitution. 8th schedule of constitution enlists 22 Indian recognized languages. 9th schedule was added by 1st amendment in 1957. It contains acts, orders related to land tenure, land tax, railways industry. 10th schedule was added by 52nd amendment in 1985, contains provisions of disqualification of grounds of defection.

The Directive Principles of State Policy was adopted from the –

A. British Constitution
B. Swiss Constitution
C. U.S. Constitution
D. Irish Constitution
Answer» D. Irish Constitution
Explanation: The principles have been inspired by the Directive Principles given in the Constitution of Ireland and also by the principles of Gandhism; and relate to social justice, economic welfare, foreign policy, and legal and administrative matters. The makers of the Constitution of India were influenced by the Irish nationalist movement. Hence, the Directive Principles of the Indian constitution have been greatly influenced by the Directive Principles of State Policy.

Which one of the following is the guardian of Fundamental Rights?

A. Legislature
B. Executive
C. Political parties
D. Judiciary
Answer» D. Judiciary
Explanation: Fundamental Rights are those rights and freedoms of the people of India, which enjoy constitutional recognition and guarantee. The Supreme Court of India and State High Courts have the power to enforce Fundamental Rights. Supreme Court is the guardian protector of fundamental rights. The right to move to the courts for securing the fundamental rights is a very valuable right of the people. Citizens can go to the Supreme Court or the high Courts for getting their fundamental rights enforced. It empowers the Courts to issue directions or orders or writs for this purpose.

List of Fundamental Duties were added to the Indian Constitution as Part –

A. Four
B. Five
C. Two
D. Three
Answer» A. Four
Explanation: The Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976 added ten Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens to the nation in Part W of the Constitution. These duties, set out in Part IV-A of the Constitution (under a constitutional amendment) concern individuals and the nation Like the Directive Principles, they are not legally enforceable.

Under which one of the following writs an official can be prevented from taking an action which he is officially not entitled?

A. Mandamus
B. Quo Warranto
C. Certiorari
D. Habeas Corpus
Answer» A. Mandamus
Explanation: Mandamus is a judicial remedy which is in the form of an order from a superior court to any government subordinate court, corporation or public authority to do or forbear from doing some specific act which that body is obliged under law to do or refrain from doing, as the case may be, and which is in the nature of public duty and in certain cases of a statutory

Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution were taken from the Constitution of

A. Canada
B. Britain
C. Ireland
Answer» C. Ireland
Explanation: The makers of the Constitution of India were influenced by the Irish nationalist movement. Hence, the Directive Principles of the Indian constitution have been greatly influenced by the Directive Principles of State Policy as enshrined in the Irish Constitution.

As per Indian Constitution, the Right to Property is a –

A. Fundamental Right
B. Natural Right
C. Legal Right
D. Moral Right
Answer» C. Legal Right
Explanation: The Forty-Forth Amendment of 1978 deleted the right to property from the list of fundamental rights. So it is now a legal right, not a fundamental right.

Fill up : 'Right            duties.'

A. obstructs
B. instructs
C. implies
D. opposes
Answer» C. implies
Explanation: Rights imply certain duties. For example, if one has the right to follow one's own religion, it is one's duty to allow others to follow their own. Rights and duties are equally important and that is why our Constitution has laid down certain duties for the citizens along with rights.

How many Fundamental Rights were granted initially?

A. Six
B. Seven
C. Four
D. Five
Answer» B. Seven
Explanation: The Constitution of India initially recognised 7 fundamental rights: Right to equality, Right to freedom, Right against exploitation, Right to freedom of religion, Cultural and Educational rights, Right to constitutional remedies and Right to property. Under the 44th Amendment Act, right to property ceased to be a Fundamental right.

The system of Judicial Review exists in

A. India only
B. U.K. only
C. U.S.A. only
D. India and U.S.A.
Answer» D. India and U.S.A.
Explanation: The system of judicial review exists in India and U.S.A. Judicial review is the power of a court to review the constitutionality of a statute or treaty, or to review an administrative regulation for consistency with either a statute, a treaty, or the Constitution itself. In U.K. tribunal system is part of the administrative justice.

When was zero hour introduced in the parliamentary affairs in India?

A. 1952
B. 1962
C. 1972
D. 1982
Answer» B. 1962
Explanation: Zero Hour in Parliament starts at 12 noon during which members raise matters of importance, especially those that cannot be delayed. Zero Hour is the Indian innovation in the field of parliamentary procedures and has been in existence since 1962. However, it does not find mention in the rules of procedure. During zero hour, questions are asked about issues of public importance without prior permission. These questions are usually directed against individual ministers.

The maximum number of members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha has been fixed by the Constitution of India respectively as –

A. 500 and 250
B. 525 and 270
C. 537 and 275
D. 545 and 250
Answer» D. 545 and 250
Explanation: The Indian Parliament consists of two houses called as Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha respectively and the President of India. The Constitution provides that the maximum strength of the House be 552 members. It has a term of five years. At present, the strength of the house is 545 members. The Rajya Sabha can have a maximum of 250 members in all. Elections to it are scheduled and the chamber cannot be dissolved.

What is the maximum time interval permissible between two successive sessions of the Parliament?

A. Four months
B. Six months
C. Eight months
D. Nine months
Answer» B. Six months
Explanation: The period during which the House meets to conduct its business is called a session. The Constitution empowers the President to summon each House at such intervals that there should not be more than 6 month's gap between the two sessions. Hence the Parliament must meet at least twice a year.

In case the President wishes to resign, to whom he is to address his resignation letter?

A. Chief Justice of India
B. Secretary of Lok Sabha
C. Vice-President
D. Prime Minister
Answer» C. Vice-President
Explanation: Article 56 of the Indian Constitution states that (1) the President shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office: provided that-the President may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Vice-President, resign his office; the President may, for violation of the Constitution, be removed from office by impeachment in the manner provided in article 61; and the President shall, notwithstanding the expiration of his term, continue to hold office until his successor enters upon his office; (2) any resignation addressed to the Vice-President under clause (1) of the proviso to clause (1) shall forthwith be communicated by him to the Speaker of the House of the People.

The voting age in India was lowered from 21 year to 18 years through –

A. Presidential ordinance.
B. Constitutional Amendment.
C. Executive Order.
D. Parliamentary Legislation.
Answer» B. Constitutional Amendment.
Explanation: The minimum age of voting in India was lowered from 21 to 18 years by the 61st Amendment Act in .1988 read with Act 21 of 1989.
Question and answers in Indian Polity and Constitution (GK), Indian Polity and Constitution (GK) multiple choice questions and answers, Indian Polity and Constitution (GK) Important MCQs, Solved MCQs for Indian Polity and Constitution (GK), Indian Polity and Constitution (GK) MCQs with answers PDF download

We need your help!

We're developing a website for study materials for students.
We would love to hear your answers to some of the questions.

Take Survey