70+ Building Technology and Architectural Planning Solved MCQs


The ratio of the total floor area inclusive of all the floors to the area of the plot on which building stands is known as ___________

A. groundage
B. plot area
C. floor area
D. built-up area
Answer» D. built-up area

Which of the following is not a characteristic of sound?

A. intensity
B. frequency
C. speed
D. quality
Answer» C. speed

Sound travels faster in gases than in solids.

A. true
B. false
Answer» B. false

The velocity of sound in bricks is __________

A. 1450 m/sec
B. 343 m/sec
C. 3000 m/sec
D. 4300 m/sec
Answer» D. 4300 m/sec

The intensity of sound is proportional to __________ of amplitude.

A. square root
B. cube root
C. square
D. cube
Answer» C. square

Which of the following relations between loudness and intensity is correct?

A. i ∝ log l
B. i ∝ log l2
C. l ∝ log i
D. l ∝ log i2
Answer» C. l ∝ log i

Which law states that the magnitude of a sensation is directly proportional to the logarithm of the physical stimulus producing it?

A. beer-lambert law
B. huygens–fresnel law
C. lorentz law
D. weber and fechner’s law
Answer» D. weber and fechner’s law

The intensity of sound depends on the ear of the listener.

A. true
B. false
Answer» B. false

The amount of sound transmitted outside a room depends on the surface while the amount of sound reflected or absorbed depends on the sound insulation properties of the surface.

A. true
B. false
Answer» B. false

Which of the following statements is correct?

A. pitch of the sound increases with increase in frequency
B. pitch of the sound decreases with increase in frequency
C. decibel is equal to 1/100 of bel
D. increase in the amplitude of the sound decreases the intensity
Answer» A. pitch of the sound increases with increase in frequency

For an echo to be distinguished as separate, it should reach the ear _________ of a second after the direct sound.

A. one-fourth
B. one-fifth
C. one-eighth
D. one-tenth
Answer» D. one-tenth

Reverberation time is directly proportional to ____________

A. effective surface area
B. lateral surface area
C. volume of the room
D. shape of the room
Answer» C. volume of the room

In the Sabine’s expression for reverberation time t=0.16V/A, A represents __________

A. area of the room
B. volume of the room
C. total absorbing power
D. total adsorbing power
Answer» C. total absorbing power

Reverberation time is independent of the shape of the room.

A. true
B. false
Answer» A. true

The absorption of a surface is the product of the __________ of the surface and its absorption coefficient.

A. length
B. area
C. volume
D. width
Answer» B. area

Calculate the transmission loss given the sound levels measured on either side of the wall is 60 dB and 40 dB.

A. 20 db
B. 100 db
C. 60 db
D. 2400 db
Answer» C. 60 db

Hard materials used for sound insulation are good absorbers.

A. true
B. false
Answer» B. false

n rigid homogeneous walls, the transmission loss of a one-brick wall is _________

A. 10 db
B. 20 dbc)
C. 50 db
D. 70 db
Answer» C. 50 db

In cavity wall construction for soundproofing, the width of the cavity should be at least _________

A. 3 cm
B. 5 cm
C. 8 cm
D. 12 cm
Answer» B. 5 cm

The sound insulation offered by rigid homogenous walls decreases with the increase in the thickness of the wall.

A. true
B. false
Answer» B. false

Concrete floor floating construction provides good insulation against __________ sounds.

A. impact
B. air-borne
C. water-borne
D. structural
Answer» A. impact

If the direction of the wind is at 90° to one of the faces, positive pressure will be produced on __________

A. windward face
B. leeward face
C. two windward faces
D. two leeward faces
Answer» A. windward face

Ventilation arising from the temperature difference between outside and inside takes place due to ____________ effect.

A. stack
B. stark
C. zeeman
D. spark
Answer» A. stack

The maximum rate of air change is __________

A. 30 per min
B. 30 per hour
C. 60 per min
D. 60 per hour
Answer» D. 60 per hour

The general temperature difference between inside and outside of a room is not more than ____________

A. 3°c
B. 5°c
C. 6°c
D. 8°c
Answer» D. 8°c

. Partially ventilated single stack system is the modified form of __________

A. single stack system and two-pipe system
B. single stack system and one pipe system
C. one pipe system and two-pipe system
D. two pipe system
Answer» B. single stack system and one pipe system

In the two-pipe system for the drainage of buildings, the discharge from the waste pipe is disconnected from the drain by using __________

A. gully trap
B. silt trap
C. floor trap
D. grease trap
Answer» A. gully trap

Septic action is produced by the septic tank by __________

A. fungi
B. virus
C. termites
D. anaerobic bacteria
Answer» D. anaerobic bacteria

The length of the bathtubs generally varies from ___________

A. 1.7-1.85 m
B. 2.5-3.2 m
C. 3.6-4.7 m
D. 4.8-5.2 m
Answer» A. 1.7-1.85 m

The pedestal type European water closet is also known as ________

A. commode
B. corundum
C. luminite
D. limonite
Answer» A. commode

Which of the following is not a classification of traps based on their shape?

A. p-trap
B. q-trap
C. s-trap
D. w-trap
Answer» D. w-trap

________ consists of a group of member which form a support for a door or window.

A. sill
B. head
C. style
D. frame
Answer» D. frame

_________ is the top most horizontal member of the shutter.

A. head
B. bottom rail
C. top rail
D. style
Answer» C. top rail

__________ is the middle horizontal member of the shutter where the locking arrangement is provided.

A. lock rail
B. cross rail
C. top rail
D. bottom rail
Answer» A. lock rail

he top or uppermost horizontal part of a frame is known as the _______

A. panel
B. hold fast
C. horn
D. head
Answer» D. head

________ is the area of shutter enclosed between the adjacent rails.

A. sash
B. jamb
C. holdfast
D. panel
Answer» D. panel

The entire assembly of styles, panels and rails is known as the __________

A. putty
B. horn
C. sash
D. shutter
Answer» D. shutter

_________ is a vertical member which is employed to subdivided a window or door opening vertically.

A. transom
B. jamb
C. mullion
D. rebate
Answer» C. mullion

____________ is a piece of timber which is fixed in an inclined position within a frame.

A. jamb
B. reveal
C. rebate
D. louver
Answer» D. louver

__________ is a mixture of a linseed oil and whiting Chalk.

A. putty
B. pop
C. concrete
D. jamb
Answer» A. putty

_________ is a strip of wood, usually moulded or Splayed, which is fixed on the sides and head of opening.

A. style
B. architrave
C. architect
D. head
Answer» B. architrave

The most common type of door is:

A. double leaf door
B. louvred door
C. single leaf door
D. battened door
Answer» C. single leaf door

The representative figure below shows the mechanism of a _________ door.

A. rotating
B. swing
C. spinning
D. sliding
Answer» A. rotating

A casement window hung horizontally is called:

A. hopper
B. awning
C. pivot
D. transom
Answer» B. awning

Light, a term used in windows, is:

A. area between outer parts of a window
B. glazed part of the window
C. area between inner parts of a window
D. opening of the window allowing light
Answer» A. area between outer parts of a window

If a door swings towards the person opening it, it is called:

A. left handed
B. reverse
C. normal
D. right handed
Answer» B. reverse

Which of the below material of window has life span of 50 years?

A. pvc
B. steel
C. upvc
D. aluminium
Answer» C. upvc

_________ door swings both ways.

A. mead
B. dutch
C. garden
D. french
Answer» A. mead

A bay window is a multi-panel window, which:

A. is provided at corners
B. runs parallel to the wall
C. embeds inside wall
D. projects outside wall
Answer» D. projects outside wall

A roof lantern is also called:

A. skylight
B. cupola
C. celestory
D. oriel
Answer» B. cupola

In a ventilator, top edge of shutter opens,

A. outside
B. inside
C. sideways
D. does not open
Answer» B. inside

Which of the below doors is generally used in residential and office buildings?

A. flush door
B. rotating door
C. louvered door
D. hinged door
Answer» A. flush door

The middle horizontal member of the shutter is called:

A. median rail
B. mid rail
C. sill rail
D. lock rail
Answer» D. lock rail

Which type of floor is used for residential buildings?

A. ground timber floor
B. single joist timber floor
C. double joist timber floor
D. framed timber floor
Answer» B. single joist timber floor

Floor under the flooring is called:

A. plinth
B. sunken floor
C. sub floor
D. hind floor
Answer» C. sub floor

A ________ floor makes noise when an intruder walks on it.

A. glass
B. chirping
C. sound
D. nightingale
Answer» D. nightingale

_________ floor is used for spans of more than 7.5m.

A. framed timber
B. stone
C. glass
D. double joist timber
Answer» A. framed timber

Distribution of loads on the wall is not uniform in single joist timber floor.

A. true
B. false
Answer» B. false

Which of the below is a problem with floors?

A. cracks
B. stains
C. vibration
D. projections
Answer» C. vibration

Which of the below utility cannot be provided underneath a floor?

A. plumbing
B. sound proofing
C. air-conditioning
D. gas lines
Answer» D. gas lines

The upper floors are floating floors.

A. true
B. false
Answer» B. false

In suspended concrete floors, _________ beams are used.

A. t shaped
B. inverted l shaped
C. inverted t shaped
D. i shaped
Answer» C. inverted t shaped

The flat, segmental, semicircular, horse-shoe and Stilted arches are __________

A. two centred arch
B. three centred arch
C. five centred arch
D. one centred arch
Answer» D. one centred arch

Identify the type of Arch given below.

A. semi circular arch
B. inverted arch
C. segmented arch
D. flat arch
Answer» D. flat arch

Identify the type of Arch given below

A. horse shoe arch
B. pointed arch
C. relieving arch
D. stilted arch
Answer» C. relieving arch

A _________ is a horizontal member which is placed across an opening to support the position of the structure above it.

A. door
B. window
C. sill
D. lintel
Answer» D. lintel

At present, the lentils of _________ are widely used to span the openings for doors, windows, etc. in a structure.

A. timber
B. wood
C. rcc
D. cement
Answer» C. rcc

_________ lintels consist of pieces of timber which are placed across the opening.

A. timber
B. rcc
C. steel
D. brick
Answer» A. timber

In Wood or Timber lintels, the depth of lintel should be about __________ to __________ of the span with the minimum value of 80 mm.

A. 1/6,1/4
B. 1/12,1/4
C. 1/12,1/8
D. 1/6,1/8
Answer» C. 1/12,1/8

___________ consist of slabs of Stones which are placed across the opening.

A. stone lintels
B. brick lintels
C. steel lintels
D. wood lintels
Answer» A. stone lintels

___________ consist of bricks which are generally placed on one end or edge.

A. stone lintels
B. brick lintels
C. wood lintels
D. timber lintels
Answer» B. brick lintels

______________ consists of Steel angles or rolled Steel joists.

A. rcc lintels
B. steel lintels
C. wood lintels
D. timber lintels
Answer» B. steel lintels

____________ consists of the reinforcement cement concrete and they have replaced practically all other materials for the lintels.

A. rcc lintels
B. wood lintels
C. stone lintels
D. timber lintels
Answer» A. rcc lintels

___________ arrangement helps in improving the appearance of the face and also reduces the quality of concrete.

A. rebated boot lintel
B. d.p.c.
C. rcc
D. reboot lintel
Answer» A. rebated boot lintel
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