90+ Indian History 2 Solved MCQs


Who wrote An Introduction to the Study of Indian History?

A. r.s. sharma
B. d.d. kosambi
C. d. n. jha
D. mortimer wheeler
Answer» B. d.d. kosambi

The famous paper entitled “Was There Feudalism in Indian History? belongs to

A. b n s yadava
B. d. c. sircar
C. harbans mukhia
D. d.n. jha
Answer» C. harbans mukhia

Which among the following is/are the structural models related to the early Indian society?

A. polity based on feudal system
B. theory of integrated polity
C. theory of segmentary state
D. all the above
Answer» D. all the above

What is Samanta system

A. a system of taxation
B. a political system based on hierarchy of vassals
C. a system of measuring land
D. a system of coinage in medieval india
Answer» B. a political system based on hierarchy of vassals

With which dynasty did Indian Muslims start entering into positions of power?

A. tughluqs
B. ilbaris
C. khaljis
D. sayyids
Answer» C. khaljis

Which tax was not permitted by the shariat?

A. agriculture tax
B. tax on non-muslims
C. commercial tax
D. marriage tax
Answer» D. marriage tax

Which was not true about jizya?

A. it was a tax on non-muslims.
B. brahmins were generally exempted from it.
C. the first ruler to collect it in india was firoz tughluq.
D. it never yielded any substantial revenue.
Answer» C. the first ruler to collect it in india was firoz tughluq.

The iqtadars during the period of the Delhi sultanate were also known as

A. maliks
B. muqtis
C. mamlatdars
D. munhias
Answer» B. muqtis

How many jitals made up a tanka?

A. 44
B. 40
C. 48
D. 46
Answer» C. 48

Who is identified as Tamerlane?

A. mahmud of ghazni
B. muhammad of ghur
C. timur
D. chengiz khan
Answer» C. timur

Diwan-i-kohi, created by Muhammad Tughluq, looked after

A. revenue collection
B. agriculture
C. public welfare
D. crown land
Answer» B. agriculture

Who was the first Sultan to pay soldiers in cash instead of through iqtas?

A. iltutmish
B. balban
C. muhammad tughluq
D. ala-ud-din khalji
Answer» D. ala-ud-din khalji

Who introduced token currency in China before Muhammad Tughluq introduced it in India?

A. qublai khan
B. chengiz khan
C. timur
D. qutub-ud-din aibak
Answer» A. qublai khan

Who was a shahna?

A. military commander
B. spy
C. district head
D. market superintendent
Answer» D. market superintendent

Who completed Qutub Minar?

A. qutub-ud-din aibak
B. raziya
C. iltutmish
D. balban
Answer» D. balban

What was araghatta?

A. a machine to break forts
B. an irrigation canal
C. a device to lift water
D. a type of cloth
Answer» C. a device to lift water

Charai was a tax on

A. hindus
B. houses
C. milch cattle
D. craftsmen
Answer» C. milch cattle

Who among the following medieval historians commented that death liberated Muhammad Tughluq from his people and freed them from him?

A. badauni
B. barani
C. isami
D. ibn battutah
Answer» D. ibn battutah

What was kharaj?

A. a tribute
B. booty
C. land tax
D. gift
Answer» C. land tax

Who were the rais and ranas?

A. intelligence officers
B. poets under sultanate
C. local chiefs who opposed sultans
D. police officers
Answer» C. local chiefs who opposed sultans

Who were barids?

A. secret agents
B. military chiefs
C. revenue collectors
D. elite guards
Answer» A. secret agents

Under whose reign did diwan-i-arz become a separate department?

A. iltutmish
B. ala-ud-din khalji
C. muhammad tughluq
D. balban
Answer» D. balban

What was the correct chronology of the Delhi sultanate?

A. slave, tughluq, khalji, sayyid, lodi
B. slave, khalji, tughluq, sayyid, lodi
C. khalji, slave, tughluq, lodi, sayyid
D. khalji, tughluq, slave, sayyid, lodi
Answer» B. slave, khalji, tughluq, sayyid, lodi

Who was known as ‘Lakh Baksh’?

A. aibak
B. iltutmish
C. balban
D. raziya
Answer» A. aibak

Who introduced chahra for the first time?

A. iltutmish
B. qutub-ud-din aibak
C. balban
D. ala-ud-din khalji
Answer» D. ala-ud-din khalji

The term ghanima in the Delhi Sultanate stands for

A. market cess
B. irrigation tax
C. war booty
D. royal treasury
Answer» C. war booty

Which Sultan of Delhi established an employment bureau, a charity bureau and a charitable hospital?

A. firoz tughluq
B. muhammad tughluq
C. ala-ud-din khalji
D. balban
Answer» A. firoz tughluq

Who introduced the famous Persian festival of Nauroz?

A. ala-ud-din khalji
B. iltutmish
C. balban
D. firoz tughluq
Answer» C. balban

Who was appointed as the envoy of Muhammad Tughluq in the court of the Chinese emperor?

A. barani
B. ibn battutah
C. barbosa
D. abdur razzaq
Answer» B. ibn battutah

Which one of the cities was not founded by Firoz Tughluq?

A. jaunpur
B. hissar
C. tughluqabad
D. firozabad
Answer» C. tughluqabad

What was khidamati?

A. one-fifth of the spoils of wars
B. a tax on purchase and sale of commodities
C. a tribute realised from the subjugated indian chiefs
D. a house tax demanded from the hindus
Answer» C. a tribute realised from the subjugated indian chiefs

The Hindu ruler of Sind who was defeated and deposed by the Arab invaders was

A. jaisingha
B. jayachandra
C. dahar
D. bhima
Answer» C. dahar

Whom did Mahmud of Ghazni defeat to conquer and annex Peshawar and Punjab?

A. hindu shahis
B. ghurids
C. arabs
D. karkotakas
Answer» A. hindu shahis

Who was the court poet of Mahmud of Ghazni and author of Shah Namah?

A. al-beruni
B. ibn battutah
C. maulana khwajagi
D. firdausi
Answer» D. firdausi

Who was the first Indian ruler to defeat Muhammad of Ghur?

A. prithviraja chauhan, ruler of ajmer
B. jayachandra, gahadvala ruler of kanauj
C. lakshmana, the sena ruler of bengal
D. mularaja ii, the solanki ruler of gujarat
Answer» D. mularaja ii, the solanki ruler of gujarat

Diwan-i-khairat was a separate department of

A. public works and welfare
B. slaves
C. agriculture
D. foreign affairs
Answer» A. public works and welfare

Who was the founder of the city of Agra?

A. ala-ud-din khalji
B. muhammad tughluq
C. firoz tughluq
D. sikandar lodi
Answer» D. sikandar lodi

Arrange the following Delhi Sultans of the Mamluk dynasty in chronological order
(i) Nasir-ud-din Mahmud
(ii) Kaiqubad
(iii) Iltutmish
(iv) Raziya
(v) Qutub-ud-din Aibak
(vi) Balban
Select the answer from the codes given below:

A. v, i, iii, vi, iv and ii
B. v, iii, iv, i, vi and ii
C. iii, iv, i, ii, v and vi
D. iv, ii, i, vi, v and iii
Answer» B. v, iii, iv, i, vi and ii

Match List I with List II and select the answer from the codes given below.
List I List II
(i) Dagh (A) Kissing the Sultan’s feet
(ii) Chahra (B) Branding of horses
(iii) Paibos (C)Prostration in front of the Sultan
(iv) Nauroz (D) Persian New Year
(v) Sijada (E) Descriptive roll of a soldier

A. i-b, ii-e, iii-c, iv-d, v-a
B. i-b, ii-e, iii-a, iv-d, v-c
C. i-e, ii-b, iii-a, iv-c, v-d
D. i-e, ii-a, iii-b, iv-c, v-d
Answer» B. i-b, ii-e, iii-a, iv-d, v-c

Which of the following constituted the tax-collecting officials?
(i) Rais (ii) Khuts (iii) Chaudharis (iv) Muqaddams
Choose the answer from the codes below:

A. i and ii
B. ii and iii
C. i, ii and iii
D. ii, iii and iv
Answer» D. ii, iii and iv

Which Sultan represented himself as ‘Sikandar-i-Sani’ (The Second Alexander)?

A. ala-ud-din khalji
B. muhammad tughluq
C. sikandar lodhi
D. khizr khan
Answer» A. ala-ud-din khalji

Nicolo de Conti, an Italian visitor, came to Vijayanagar during the reign of

A. deva raya ii
B. deva raya i
C. harihara i
D. bukka i
Answer» B. deva raya i

Who bore the title Gajabentakara?

A. krishna deva raya
B. deva raya ii
C. deva raya i
D. rama raya
Answer» B. deva raya ii

Which Vijayanagar ruler sent an embassy to China?

A. harihara i
B. krishna deva raya
C. bukka i
D. saluva narasimha
Answer» C. bukka i

What is the correct chronology of dynasties that ruled Vijayanagar?

A. sangama, tuluva, saluva, aravidu
B. tuluva, sangama, saluva, aravidu
C. aravidu, sangama, tuluva, saluva
D. sangama, saluva, tuluva, aravidu
Answer» D. sangama, saluva, tuluva, aravidu

Which Bahmani ruler shifted the capital from Gulbarga to Bidar?

A. ala-ud-din ii
B. ahmad shah wali
C. muhammad shah i
D. muhammad iii
Answer» B. ahmad shah wali

When was the Bahmani kingdom founded?

A. 1325
B. 1437
C. 1347
D. 1341
Answer» C. 1347

Which was the second capital of Vijayanagar empire?

A. kampili
B. kondavidu
C. penukonda
D. addanki
Answer» C. penukonda

What was the largest administrative division in Vijayanagar?

A. kottam
B. nadu
C. kurram
D. mandalam
Answer» D. mandalam

Who founded the Varakari sect in Maharashtra?

A. namadeva
B. tukaram
C. eknatha
D. ramdas
Answer» B. tukaram

Who established the Chisti order in India?

A. nizam-ud-din auliya
B. salim chisti
C. shaikh moin-ud-in chisti
D. hamid-ud-din nagauri
Answer» C. shaikh moin-ud-in chisti

Who built a college at Bidar making it an important intellectual centre in the Deccan?

A. muhammad shah i
B. ahmad shah wali
C. ali barid
D. mahmud gawan
Answer» D. mahmud gawan

Who said ‘God is the breath of all breath.’?

A. nanak
B. kabir
C. mirabai
D. chaitanya
Answer» B. kabir

Dohas were

A. religious teachings of sufis.
B. a group of merchants who sent large caravans.
C. the muslim devotees who emphasised the personal devotion of man to god through love.
D. couplets which kabir composed and by which he taught his followers.
Answer» D. couplets which kabir composed and by which he taught his followers.

Guru Nanak was born in

A. 1469
B. 1450
C. 1470
D. 1445
Answer» A. 1469

Amuktamalyada is a book on

A. poetry
B. dance
C. polity
D. music
Answer» C. polity

Madura Vijayam written by Gangadevi describes

A. battle of bannihatti
B. sri krishna deva raya’s conquests
C. capture of madura by kampana
D. court of harihara-i
Answer» C. capture of madura by kampana

Who wrote Gangadasa Pralapa Vilasam?

A. allasani peddana
B. tenali ramakrishna
C. ramabhadrudu
D. gangadhara
Answer» D. gangadhara

What were varahas?

A. couplets of poetry
B. gold coins
C. guilds
D. assembly
Answer» B. gold coins

Amuktamalyada was written in

A. sanskrit
B. tamil
C. telugu
D. kannada
Answer» C. telugu

City of Nagalapura was built by

A. bukka i
B. deva raya i
C. krishna deva raya
D. virupaksa
Answer» C. krishna deva raya

Sangama brothers, who founded Vijayanagar, were originally in the service of

A. kampili kingdom
B. hoyasala kingdom
C. kakatiya kingdom
D. yadava kingdom
Answer» C. kakatiya kingdom

Who was responsible for developing the Gurumukhi script?

A. guru arjun
B. gobind singh
C. nanak
D. guru angad
Answer» D. guru angad

Who was murid?

A. sufi saint
B. sufi teacher
C. a disciple
D. hospice
Answer» C. a disciple

A silsilah was a

A. tomb
B. shrine
C. a sufi order
D. hospice
Answer» C. a sufi order

Suddhadvaita was propounded by

A. ramanuja
B. namadeva
C. tukaram
D. vallabhacharya
Answer» D. vallabhacharya

Who wrote Dasabodha?

A. kabir
B. nanak
C. ramdas
D. tukaram
Answer» C. ramdas

Who started the Khalsa in Sikh religion?

A. guru angad
B. guru gobind singh
C. guru tegh bahadur
D. guru arjun
Answer» B. guru gobind singh

Who wrote Sur Sarawali?

A. mirabai
B. chaitanya
C. tulsidas
D. surdas
Answer» D. surdas

Which one of the following places was known as the ‘Shiraz-i-Hind’?

A. malwa
B. khandesh
C. sonargaon
D. jaunpur
Answer» D. jaunpur

Which one of the following rulers of Kashmir has been described as the Akbar of Kashmir?

A. azam shah
B. zain-ul abidin
C. shihab-ud-din shah
D. shah mir
Answer» B. zain-ul abidin

According to Abdur Razzaq, the pay of the policemen of Vijayanagar was paid from the proceeds of

A. brothels
B. taxes on goods
C. land revenue
D. wine shops
Answer» A. brothels

What is kuttagari?

A. grant of land to the brahmins
B. lease system of cultivation
C. service tenures for military
D. revenue farming
Answer» B. lease system of cultivation

What is asthavana?

A. land revenue department
B. a type of rice
C. one-third of the produce of land
D. house tax
Answer» A. land revenue department

The term senabova or sanbhoga was an official designation under Vijayanagar kingdom. It refers to the

A. chief judicial officer of the mandalam.
B. chief of the military staff.
C. village accountant.
D. head of the accounts department.
Answer» C. village accountant.

In which language did Babur write his memoirs, called Tuzuk-i-Baburi?

A. persian
B. arabic
C. mongol
D. turkish
Answer» D. turkish

Which revenue system among the following is also known as the bandobast system?

A. zabti
B. dahsala
C. nasaq
D. kankut
Answer» A. zabti

What was the original name of Nur Jahan?

A. zeb-un-nisa
B. fatima begum
C. mihr-un-nisa
D. jahanara
Answer» C. mihr-un-nisa

Which Mughal is credited with prohibiting sati unless the widow herself, of her own free will, persistently desired it?

A. akbar
B. babur
C. humayun
D. jahangir
Answer» A. akbar

Who among the following Englishmen was given the title of ‘Khan’ by Jahangir?

A. thomas roe
B. ralph fitch
C. hawkins
D. newbery
Answer» C. hawkins

What was duaspa-sihaspa and who introduced it?

A. a revenue system introduced by akbar
B. a decorative method introduced by shah jahan
C. a special rank having higher sawar than zat introduced by aurangzeb
D. a sub rank of sawar introduced by jahangir.
Answer» D. a sub rank of sawar introduced by jahangir.

Who among the following Mughal ministers was the paymaster-general as well?

A. diwan
B. mir bakshi
C. khan-i-saman
D. vakil
Answer» B. mir bakshi

Who were the harkaras of the Mughal period?

A. enforcers of public morals
B. news writers and reporters
C. secret letter writers and informers
D. spies and special couriers
Answer» D. spies and special couriers

What was Jajmani system of the Mughal period?

A. a revenue system in which revenues of different units of land were assigned to officials in lieu of salaries.
B. an administrative system in which ranks in terms of numbers were assigned to nobles, military commanders and other prominent people for placing them in the official hierarchy.
C. a reciprocal system that existed in rural india between the peasantry and other occupational groups.
D. a commercial system that developed in urban india for facilitating commercial transactions on a large scale.
Answer» C. a reciprocal system that existed in rural india between the peasantry and other occupational groups.

During Akbar’s reign, a group of scholars translated Mahabharata into Persian from Sanskrit. What is this Persian version called?

A. sakinat-ul-auliya
B. razm namah
C. iqbal namah
D. akbar namah
Answer» B. razm namah

Which of the following revenue systems were Akbar’s own innovations?
(i) Batai (ii) Kankut (iii) Nasaq (iv) Zabti (v) Dahsala
Select the answer from the codes below:

A. i and iv
B. ii and v
C. iii and iv
D. iv and v
Answer» D. iv and v

Who translated Tuzuk-i-Baburi into Persian?

A. abul fazl
B. amir khusrau
C. abdur rahim
D. daulat khan
Answer» C. abdur rahim

Who wrote Tabaqat-i-Akbari?

A. abul fazl
B. badauni
C. munim khan
D. nizam-ud-din ahmad
Answer» D. nizam-ud-din ahmad

Who was the in-charge of a pargana?

A. amil
B. pattidar
C. shiqdar
D. qanungo
Answer» C. shiqdar

Which of the following varieties of land during Mughal period did not yield any land revenue to the state?

A. khalisa
B. jagir
C. sayur ghal
D. raiyati
Answer» C. sayur ghal

What portion of actual produce was fixed as the demand of the state under the zabti?

A. one-half
B. one-third
C. one-fourth
D. one-fifth
Answer» B. one-third

Akbar’s enlightened religious policy was based on his philosophy of sulh-i-kul which meant

A. universal tolerance
B. universal peace
C. enlightened benevolence
D. unity of godhead
Answer» B. universal peace

The police chief of a city was called

A. qazi
B. faujdar
C. kotwal
D. qilahdar
Answer» C. kotwal

To assist the Maratha king, there was a council of state ministers known as

A. ashtadigvajas
B. navaratnins
C. ashtapradhaan
D. qilahdar
Answer» C. ashtapradhaan

Under Maratha administration who was Dabir?

A. prime minister
B. chief justice
C. foreign secretary
D. superintendent
Answer» C. foreign secretary

Shivaji was born at

A. nasik
B. pune
C. chittor
D. shivneri
Answer» D. shivneri

Dalals were

A. merchants
B. brokers
C. travellers
D. in charge of inns
Answer» B. brokers

Who wrote Ta’arikh-i-Firuzshahi

A. amir khusru
B. ziauddin barani
C. badayuni
D. abdur razzak
Answer» B. ziauddin barani

During the Mughal period the Karwanis or Nayakas were

A. village heads
B. merchants
C. court poets
D. scribs
Answer» B. merchants
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