Foundations of Sociology solved MCQs

1 of 8

1. Impersonal and transitory interaction exists in ___________ groups.

a. primary

B. in-group

c. social

d. secondary

2. The Enlightenment was in many respects a renaissance of __________

a. scientific thought

B. blind belief

c. superstition

d. religious belief

3. _____ granted citizens individual freedoms and removed old established orders such as the church
and crown, and gave people a new perspective of
the worldand the society in which they live

a. french revolution

B. scientific revolution

c. industrial revolution

d. russian revolution

4. Amalgamation favors the process of ____________.

a. acculturation

B. diffusion

c. assimilation

d. none of the above

5. Urbanisation and ______led to the emergence of the working class as a large
and powerful body, which led to the birth of Marxism, and gave people a new
perspective and relationship with the society they lived in

a. industrialisation

B. modernisation

c. westernisation

d. sanskritisation

6. Sociological ___________ allows people to see the relationship between their personalexperiences and broader social and historical events.

a. consciousness

B. imagination

c. questions

d. theory

7. The second Estate in the Estate system

a. clergy

B. nobles

c. commoners

d. labourers

8. The material and non-material components of culture are often referred to as the_________ of culture.

a. theme

B. combination

c. content

d. concept

9. The power of _______ was based on the Church

a. clergy

B. nobles

c. commoners

d. labourers

10. ___________ culture is communicated mostly to the like-minded.

a. non-material

B. explicit

c. material

d. utilitarian

11. ____ served as councillors to the royalty, diplomats and governors

a. clergy

B. nobles

c. commoners

d. labourers

12. Surplus extraction was carried out by the impersonal laws of the market in ___

a. feudalism

B. capitalism

c. socialism

d. communism

13. Identify a slow and gradual process from the following.

a. assimilation

B. acculturation

c. integration

d. diffusion

14. A group to which individuals refer when making judgments.

a. voluntary group

B. membership group

c. in-group

d. reference group

15. The intellectual movement called ―The Enlightenment‖ is usually associatedwith the ______

a. 15th century

B. 16th century

c. 17th century

d. 18th century

16. The Enlightenment is associated with which of the following thinkers

a. merton

B. parsons

c. simmel

d. diderot

17. ―Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains. Those who think
themselves the masters of others are indeed greater slaves than they.‖
Name the book which opens with these lines

a. positive philosophy

B. das capital

c. the social contract

d. the city

18. The basic unit of cultural reality is the cultural __________.

a. complex

B. trait

c. theme

d. construct

19. In a democracy, the ______ are sovereign

a. people

B. relationships

c. roles

d. positions

20. Cultural __________ are nothing but larger clusters of traits organized about some nuclearpoint of reference.

a. complex

B. patterns

c. elements

d. traits

21. ____________ is the spread of a culture pattern from one culture area to another.

a. acculturation

B. assimilation

c. enculturation

d. culture diffusion

22. Non-conformity to a set of norms is known as __________.

a. crime

B. habit

c. deviance

d. none of the above

23. The spirit of extreme _____ arises when the people are no longer content to beequal as citizens, but want to be equal in every respect

a. inequality

B. equality

c. neutrality

d. sovereignity

24. __________ constitute the treasury of our social heritage.

a. norms

B. folkways

c. customs

d. laws

25. In _____ , one part of the people governs the rest

a. aristocracy

B. despotism

c. laissez faire

d. communism

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