1. Bachelor of Arts in Political Science (B...
  2. Foundation of Political Science
  3. Set 1

Foundation of Political Science Solved MCQs


Who defined political science is “that part of social science which treats the foundations of the foundations of the state and principles of government”?

A. Paul Janet
B. Dyke
C. Gettell
D. None of it
Answer» A. Paul Janet

Who is the author of “A History of Political Theory”?

A. Karl Popper
B. Sabine
C. Mill
D. Locke
Answer» B. Sabine

Who described historical approach as ‘historicism’?

A. Bentham
B. Hegel
C. Popper
D. Marx
Answer» C. Popper

Which approach is, according to Rober A Dahl, an attempt to make the empirical content of Political Science more scientific “

A. Institutional Approach
B. Historical Approach
C. Philosophical Approach
D. Behavioural Approach
Answer» D. Behavioural Approach

Who introduced ‘intellectual foundations’ for behavioural approach?

A. Easton
B. Merriam
C. Lasswell
D. Bentley
Answer» A. Easton

Who said “the concept of power is the most fundamental in the whole of Political Science: the Political Process is the shaping, dissolution and exercise of power” ?

A. Merriam and Easton
B. Lasswell and Kaplan
C. Catlin and Bentley
D. None of them
Answer» B. Lasswell and Kaplan

Who is known as the greatest advocate of Post-Behaviouralism?

A. Merriam
B. Easton
C. Lasswell
D. Bentley
Answer» B. Easton

Which approach demands ‘relevance’ and ‘action’?

A. Institutional Approach
B. Post-Behaviouralist Approach
C. Behaviouralist
D. Historical Approach
Answer» B. Post-Behaviouralist Approach

Whose definition encompasses the ‘politics of consent’ as well as the ‘politics of struggle’?

A. Easton
B. Merriam
C. Lasswell
D. Kaplan
Answer» A. Easton

Who introduced ‘politics of consent’ ?

A. Lasswell
B. Kaplan
C. Popper
D. Lucian Pie
Answer» A. Lasswell

Which approach featurise “State being the central theme of politics is conceived as an inevitable consequence of class contradictions”?

A. Post-Behaviouralism
B. Marxian Approach
C. Behaviouralism
D. Institutional Approach
Answer» B. Marxian Approach

Who said “Marxian approach is not a matter of problems to be solved but a state of domination and subjugation to be ended by a total transformation of the conditions which give rise to it”

A. Lenin
B. Mao
C. Miliband
D. Engels
Answer» C. Miliband

The term ‘state’ is derived from which language?

A. Latin
B. Greek
C. English
D. None of it
Answer» A. Latin

Who defined “the state is the politically organised people of a definite territory” ?

A. Bluntschli
B. Wilson
C. Machiavelli
D. Aristotle
Answer» A. Bluntschli

Who said, state is a “territorial society divided into government and subjects whose relationships are determined by the exercise of this supreme coercive power” ?

A. Laski
B. Mao
C. Wilson
D. Marx
Answer» A. Laski

ho introduced the “subjective desire of the people”?

A. Willoughby
B. Hobbes
C. Iver
D. Laski
Answer» A. Willoughby

Who said “State is an association which acting through law as promulgated by a government endowed to this end with coercive power,..condition of social order”?

A. Laski
B. Willoughby
C. Lenin
D. Mac Iver
Answer» D. Mac Iver

Who defined an association as “a group organised for the pursuit of an interest or a group of interest in common”?

A. Mao
B. Iver
C. Willoughby
D. Jellinick
Answer» B. Iver

Who said “state is a political instrument a machine for maintaining the rule of one class over another” ?

A. Lenin
B. Popper
C. Gettell
D. Mao
Answer» A. Lenin

hose treatise, “the origin of the Family, Private Property and the State”?

A. Marx
B. Engels
C. Lenin
D. Mao
Answer» A. Marx

Who is the author of the book ‘Ancient Society’?

A. Morgan; Engels
B. Popper
C. Maine
D. Mao
Answer» A. Morgan; Engels

Who wrote ‘The poverty of Philosophy’?

A. Mao
B. Lenin
C. Marx
D. Engels
Answer» C. Marx

Who wrote “State and Revolution”?

A. Engels
B. Marx
C. Mao
D. Lenin
Answer» D. Lenin

Who wrote “Anti-Duhring”

A. Engels
B. Marx
C. Lenin
D. Mao
Answer» A. Engels

Who defined sovereignty as the ‘the supreme power over citizens and subjects unrestrained by laws’ ?

A. Garner
B. Jean Bodin
C. Austin
D. Gilchrist
Answer» B. Jean Bodin

Who is the exponent of Monistic theory of sovereignty ?

A. Jean Bodin
B. Garner
C. Austin
D. Maine
Answer» C. Austin

Who defined sovereignty is “the sum total of the influences in a state which lie behind the law” ?

A. Austin
B. Dicey
C. Gilchrist
D. Garner
Answer» C. Gilchrist

Who defined sovereignty on the basis of the concept of law as “a command given by a superior to an inferior”

A. Grotius
B. Hobbes
C. Locke
D. Austin
Answer» D. Austin

Who criticise sovereignty does not reside in a determinate human superior ?

A. Hobbes
B. Austin
C. Grotius
D. Maine
Answer» D. Maine

Who said ‘Kinship created a common consciousness, common interest and common purpose’ ?

A. Gettell
B. Maine
C. MacIver
D. Austin
Answer» B. Maine

Find the wrong one of this list?

A. Laski
B. Hobbes
C. MacIver
D. Lindsay
Answer» B. Hobbes

Who points , because society is federal, authority must also be federal?

A. Maine
B. MacIver
C. Bentham
D. Laski
Answer» D. Laski

Who opined that ‘the logical consequence of Pluralism is chaos’ ?

A. MacIver
B. Gilchrist
C. Ernest Barker
D. Laski
Answer» B. Gilchrist

Whose work is “Modern State”

A. Laski
B. Lindsay
C. Bodin
D. MacIver
Answer» D. MacIver

Who is the author of ‘Crisis in the Theory of State’ ?

A. Laski
B. Krabbe
C. Barker
D. MacIver
Answer» A. Laski

Who is the great liberal writer of the 17th century ?

A. Austin
B. Locke
C. Gilchrist
D. None of them
Answer» B. Locke

Which is the work of Montesquieu ?

A. Ant-Duhring
B. State and Revolution
C. The Spirit of Laws
D. The poverty of philosophy
Answer» C. The Spirit of Laws

Who said , there is no better test of the excellence of a government, than the efficiency of the judicial system’ ?

A. James Bryce
B. Laski
C. MacIver
D. Bentham
Answer» A. James Bryce

Who said “every state is enormously dependent upon the quality of its public officials”?

A. MacIver
B. Laski
C. Dicey
D. James Bryce
Answer» B. Laski

In which case Judicial Review was originated in the United States ?

A. Strader v/s Graham
B. Sheldon v/s Sill
C. Swift v/s Tyson
D. Marbury v/s Madison
Answer» D. Marbury v/s Madison

Which Article vide the power of Judicial Review is clearly engrafted into the Constitution of India ?

A. Article 12
B. Article 13
C. Article 14
D. Article 15
Answer» B. Article 13

Which work is written by Dicey?

A. Modern States
B. the History of the States
C. Introduction to the Study of Law of the Constitution
D. The Spirit of Laws
Answer» C. Introduction to the Study of Law of the Constitution

Who wrote ‘The Process of Government’

A. Arthur Bentley
B. Graham Wallas
C. Charles Merriam
D. David Easton
Answer» A. Arthur Bentley

Whose work is “Human Nature in Politics”

A. Dicey
B. Wallas
C. Laski
D. Merriam
Answer» B. Wallas

Who wrote “New Aspects of Politis”

A. Wallas
B. Laski
C. Merriam
D. Bentley
Answer» C. Merriam

Find out the work of Lasswell and Kaplan

A. Systematic Politics
B. The Politics of System
C. Power and Society
D. Introduction to Politics
Answer» C. Power and Society

Who wrote “The Political System”

A. Almond
B. Apter
C. Lasswell
D. Easton
Answer» D. Easton

The term ‘Historicism’ was made popular by

A. Sabine
B. Oakeshott
C. Popper
D. Foster
Answer» C. Popper

‘It is better to be vague than irrelevant’. This statement explains the following

A. Post-behaviouralism
B. Behaviouralism
C. Positivism
D. Empiricism
Answer» A. Post-behaviouralism

The Iron Law of Oligarchy is associated with

A. Millett
B. Michels
C. McConnell
D. Mazzini
Answer» B. Michels

Who regarded revolution as a means of achieving freedom?

A. Hegel
B. Dahl
C. John Milton
D. Karl Marx
Answer» C. John Milton

Human consciousness postulates liberty, liberty involves rights, rights demand the state, who has made this statement?

A. Hegel
B. Green
C. Laski
D. Barker
Answer» B. Green

Which factor is necessary for the development of democratic institutions?

A. strong military forces
B. respect for individual rights
C. a one-party system
D. an agricultural economy
Answer» B. respect for individual rights

Who said “Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely.” ?

A. Lord Acton
B. David Apter
C. A.V. Dicey
D. Montesquieu
Answer» A. Lord Acton

Parliamentary form of government first involved in

A. Greece
B. The United Kingdom
C. The United States
D. Rome
Answer» B. The United Kingdom

India has adopted Rule of Law on the pattern of

A. Britain
B. Japan
C. Britain with certain modifications
Answer» C. Britain with certain modifications

Who said that Bureaucracy is “a regulated administrative system organized as a series of interrelated offices ?

A. Max Weber
B. Gladden
C. F.M. Marx
D. John A. Vieg
Answer» B. Gladden

The power to decide an election petition is vested in the

A. Parliament
B. Supreme Court
C. High Courts
D. Election Commission
Answer» C. High Courts

Who said, “Revolution is a sweeping fundamental change in the predominant myth of a social order”?

A. G.S. Peter
B. H Arendt
C. Huntington
D. Neumann
Answer» D. Neumann

Participation is an important element of every

A. Monarchial System
B. Oligarchical System
C. Democratic System
D. Aristocratic System
Answer» C. Democratic System

'If sovereignty is not absolute, no state will exist'. Who said this ?

A. Laski
B. Locke
C. Austin
D. None of the above
Answer» D. None of the above

According to Marx 'the Dictatorship of the proletariat' signifies ?

A. A transitional state
B. An ideal state
C. An autocratic state
D. A liberal states
Answer» A. A transitional state

Who said ‘Neutrality is’ one of the strongest bulworks of democracy ?

A. F. M. Marx
B. Peter Self
C. Ajay Baseli
D. O. P. Dwivedi
Answer» C. Ajay Baseli

“All administration means domination” who said this ?

A. Weber
B. Martin Albrow
C. R. K. Merton
D. Talcot Parsons
Answer» A. Weber

Who among the following first developed the concept of general system theory

A. Colin Cherry
B. Ludwig Von Bertallanffy
C. Robert K Merton
D. Talcott Parsons
Answer» B. Ludwig Von Bertallanffy

Democracy is meaningless without

A. President and Congress
B. Supreme Court and President
C. A federal form of government
D. Freedom of speech
Answer» D. Freedom of speech

Structural functionalism as a method was developed to study the politics of

A. Modern totalitarianism
B. Politics of developing countries
C. Developed socialism
D. Advanced Capitalism
Answer» B. Politics of developing countries

Who wrote “Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign

A. Jeremy Bentham
B. Robert Nozick
C. M.K. Gandhi
D. J.S. Mill
Answer» D. J.S. Mill

Gandhi describe himself as a

A. Social democrat
B. Philosophical anarchist
C. Socialist
D. Liberal
Answer» B. Philosophical anarchist

David Easton stated in his work, The Political System, 1953, that two kinds of political inputs are:

A. Voting and impeachment
B. Political action committees and political parties
C. Demand and support
D. Pressure and bribery
Answer» C. Demand and support

According to Aristotle, democracy is

A. A genuine form of government
B. The same as oligarchy
C. A perverted form of government
D. The same as polity
Answer» B. The same as oligarchy

Power is the capacity to

A. Persuade
B. Hold sovereignty
C. Produce intended effects
D. Exercise authority
Answer» B. Hold sovereignty

Authority is the right to

A. Invoke tradition
B. Nationhood
C. Rule
D. Delegate
Answer» A. Invoke tradition

Sovereignty refers to

A. Ruling monarchs
B. Ceremonial leaders
C. Supreme courts
D. The ultimate source of authority in society
Answer» A. Ruling monarchs

Which of the following is the function of political parties?

A. Supervising interest groups
B. Administering elections
C. Aggregating (combining) interest
D. Negotiating with foreign governments
Answer» C. Aggregating (combining) interest

The assignment of law-making, law-enforcing, and law-interpreting functions to independent branches of the government is called

A. separation of powers
B. checks and balances.
C. enumerated powers.
D. implied powers.
Answer» A. separation of powers

Social capital is based on

A. Start up funding for voluntary organisations
B. Widespread acceptance of the market economy
C. Eastern Europe’s ‘third way’
D. A culture of trust and cooperation
Answer» D. A culture of trust and cooperation

Who introduced hegemony in the concept of civil society?

A. Lenin
B. Gramsci
C. Hegel
D. Marx
Answer» B. Gramsci

Who said ‘civilisation is not a burden, but it is an opportunity?

A. Marx
B. Gandhi
C. Nehru
D. Lenin
Answer» B. Gandhi

The Iron Law of Oligarchy is associated with

A. Michels
B. Millet
C. Bentham
D. Kant
Answer» A. Michels

Who wrote the work ‘a preface to democratic theory’?

A. Dahl
B. Marx
C. Lenin
D. MacIver
Answer» A. Dahl

The most essential principle of liberalism is

A. Equality
B. Social justice
C. Democracy
D. Freedom
Answer» D. Freedom

Who is guild socialist?

A. Green
B. Mill
C. Cole
D. Dicey
Answer» C. Cole

Socialism is:

A. An economic system that is based on private ownership
B. An economic system for communism
C. An economic system that allows competition in business
D. A government system that communist countries use
Answer» B. An economic system for communism

An institution is a form of

A. Organisation
B. Legal system
C. Culture
D. State
Answer» A. Organisation

Who said Politics is about 'who gets what, when and how'?

A. Lasswell
B. Almond
C. Easton
D. Verba
Answer» A. Lasswell

Social justice is primarily concerned with

A. Who governs society
B. How society is governed
C. How society is defined
D. Who should get what in society
Answer» D. Who should get what in society

Equality of opportunity means

A. Everybody as equal right to complain
B. Everybody finishes the same start in life
C. Everybody finishes the same regardless of effort
D. Everybody is equal
Answer» B. Everybody finishes the same start in life

Which one of the following countries introduced universal adult franchise is one move?

A. Australia.
C. India
Answer» C. India

Who among the following argued that universal suffrage does injustice to property owners?

A. J.S. Mill
B. W.F. Willoughby
C. H.J. Laski
D. Henry Maine
Answer» A. J.S. Mill

Who among the following described democracy as the ‘tyranny of the majority?

A. James Madison
B. John Dunning
C. J Rousseau
D. De Tocqueville
Answer» D. De Tocqueville

Who among the following is not an exponent of ‘Elitist Theory of Democracy’?

A. Mosca
B. Pareto
C. Michel
D. C Macpherson
Answer» D. C Macpherson

Who among the following advocated partyless democracy in India?

A. Acharya Vinoba Bhave
B. Jayprakash Narayan
C. Mahatma Gandhi
D. M.N. Roy
Answer» B. Jayprakash Narayan

Who among the following theorists advocated participatory democracy?

A. C.B. Macpherson
B. Michael Oakeshoot
C. F. A. Hayek
D. Gaetano Mosca
Answer» A. C.B. Macpherson

Who among the following has described the world wide triumph of liberal democracy as the ‘end of history’?

A. Samuel P. Huntington
B. Francis Fukuyama
C. Robert Dahl
D. C. Wright Mills
Answer» A. Samuel P. Huntington

Who among the following favoured qualification as the basis for right to vote?

A. E. Barker
B. T.H. Green
C. J.S. Mill
D. J. Bentham
Answer» C. J.S. Mill

Participatory democracy calls for:

A. increasing the voter turnout in elections
B. greater and active engagement of citizens in government
C. greater involvement of the legislature in the business of legislature
D. active engagement of the representatives in the affairs of their constituencies
Answer» B. greater and active engagement of citizens in government

Which is Canada’s political system?

A. a confederal state
B. a direct democracy
C. a unitary state
D. a parliamentary democracy
Answer» D. a parliamentary democracy

Rational-legal authority also known as

A. Confederal
B. Universal
C. Democratic
D. Bureaucratic
Answer» D. Bureaucratic

“A partyess regime is a conservative regime an anti-party regime is a reactionary regime.” Who made this statement?

A. Samuel Huntington
B. Sartori
C. Carl J. Friedrich
D. K.C. Wheare
Answer» B. Sartori
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