110+ Miscellaneous Indian History Solved MCQs


When is the Independence Day of Pakistan celebrated?

A. 15 August
B. 4 July
C. 16 August
D. 14 August
Answer» D. 14 August
Explanation: The modern state of Pakistan was established on 14 August 1947 in the eastern and northwestern regions of British India, where there was a Muslim majority. It comprised the provinces of Balochistan. East Bengal, the North-West Frontier Province, West Puniab andSindh. From 1947 to 1956, Pakistan was a dominion in the Commonwealth of Nations under two monarchs.

The first Defence Minister of India was -

A. K. M. Cariappa
B. Gopalaswami Aiyangar
C. Baldev Singh
D. Sardar Patel
Answer» C. Baldev Singh
Explanation: Baldev Singh was an Indian Sikh political leader who was an Indian independence movement leader and the first Defence Minister of India. Moreover, he represented the Punjabi Sikh community in the processes of negotiations that resulted in the independence of India, as well as the Partition of India in 1947.

First Indian Commander-in Chief was -

A. Gen. K. S. Thimayya
B. Gen. K.M. Kariappa
C. S.H.F.J. Manekshaw
D. None of the above
Answer» B. Gen. K.M. Kariappa
Explanation: Field Marshal Kodandera "Kipper" Madappa Cariappa was the first Indian Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army and led the Indian forces on the Western Front during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947. He is among only two Indian Army officers to hold the highest rank of Field Marshal (the other being Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw).

Who gave the concept of Total Revolution?

A. Jayaprakash Narayan
B. Mahatma Gandhi
C. Karl Marx
D. Lenin
Answer» A. Jayaprakash Narayan
Explanation: Jayaprakash Narayan was an Indian independence activist and political leader, remembered especially for leading the opposition to Indira Gandhi in the 197Os and for giving a call for peaceful Total Revolution'. He called for Sampoorna Kranti on the 5th of June, 1975 total revolution at a historic rally of students at Patna's Gandhi Maidan.

The potato crop was introduced in India by the -

A. British
B. Dutch
C. Portuguese
D. French
Answer» C. Portuguese
Explanation: Some of the crops introduced by Portuguese in India were: potato, tobacco, etc. Potato was introduced in India in the early part of the 17th century by the Portuguese. It was first cultivated in Surat on the West coast. From there it spread to other areas, like Goa, which were under Portuguese influence.

Which country offered its good office to resolve Indo-Pak conflict peacefully, in the year 1966?

A. U.S.A
B. Britain
C. U.S.S.R
D. Japan
Answer» C. U.S.S.R
Explanation: A meeting was held in Tashkent in the Uzbek SSR, USSR (now in Uzbekistan) beginning on 4 January 1966 to try to create a more permanent settlement. The Soviets, represented by Premier Alexei Kosygin moderated between Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan. The Tashkent conference, under UN, American and Russian pressure, compelled Pakistan and India to restore their national boundary and the 1949 ceasefire line in Kashmir.

Identify the UNESCO approved World Heritage Site from the following -

A. Meenakshi Temple, Madurai
B. Writers' Building, Calcutta
C. Purana gila, Delhi
D. Kaziranga National Park
Answer» D. Kaziranga National Park
Explanation: Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam India. A World Heritage Site, the park hosts two-thirds of the world's Great One-horned Rhinoceroses. It wasdeclared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 for its unique natural environment. It was first established as a reserved forest in 1908 to protect the dwindling species of Rhinoceros.

Wich of the following Gods are worshipped in the sanctum of Badrinath and Kedarnath temples respectively?

A. Vishnu and Shiva
B. Shiva and Vishnu
C. Shiva and Parvati
D. Vishnu and Brahma
Answer» A. Vishnu and Shiva
Explanation: The Garbhagriha (Sanctum) of Badrinath temple houses Lord Badari Narayan (Vishnu), Kuber (God of wealth), Narad rishi, Udhava, Nar & Narayan Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the exquisitely architecture Kedarnath temple is considered to be more than 1000 years old. The temple has a Garbha Griha for worship and a Mandap, apt for assemblies of pilgrims and visitors.

The first woman Governor of a State in free India was -

A. Mrs, Sarojini Naidu
B. Mrs. Sucheta Kriplani
C. Mrs. Indira Gandhi
D. Mrs. Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Answer» A. Mrs, Sarojini Naidu
Explanation: Sarojini Naidu was the second Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the Governor of Uttar Pradesh state.

Name the Pakistan Prime-Minister who signed the Simla Agreement in 1972.

A. Ayub Khan
B. Yahya Khan
C. Z.A. Bhutto
D. Benazir Bhutto
Answer» C. Z.A. Bhutto
Explanation: A summit conference between Indira Gandhi and Zulfigar Ali Bhutto, the newly elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, was held in Simla in June 1972.

Which one of the following pair is not correctly matched?

A. Harshvardhan- Hiuen Tsang
B. Akbar- Todarmal
C. Chanakya -Chandragupta
D. Vikramaditya - Chaitanya
Answer» D. Vikramaditya - Chaitanya
Explanation: Chaitanya was a Hindu monk and social reformer from 16th century India who founded Gaudiya Vaishnavism, a Vaishnava religious movement. Vikramaditya was a legendary first-century BC emperor of Uijain, India, famed for his wisdom, valour and magnanimity.

Who amidst the following great music composers was the ruler of a State?

A. Tyagaraja
B. Shyama Shastri
C. Muthu Swami Dikshitar
D. Swati Thirunal
Answer» D. Swati Thirunal
Explanation: Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma was the Maharaja of the state of Travancore in the first half of the 19th century. Besides being an able ruler, he was a patron of music and a musician himself. He encouraged both broad systems of Indian music, Hindustani and Carnatic music, though he was essentially a connoisseur of the Carnatic music tradition. He is credited with composing over 400 compositions in Carnatic music as well as Hindustani music. Some of his favorite compositions are Padmanabha Pahi, Deva Deva, Sarasijanabha and Sree Ramana Vibho.

Who was the architect of North and South Blocks of the Central Secretariat in Delhi?

A. Sir Edward Lutyens
B. Herbert Bakers
C. Robert Tor Tussell
D. Antonin Raymond
Answer» A. Sir Edward Lutyens
Explanation: Edwin Landseer Lutyens had originally intended the Kingsway (Rajpath) to slope up to the Viceroy's palace. However, Herbert Baker, his colleague, felt it necessary tolevel the space between the two secretariat buildings, thus creating the great central vista called the North & South Block. The two secretariat buildings are raised on a plinth so as to be level with the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Which of the following is called the Land of the Golden Pagoda?

A. Myanmar
B. China
C. Japan
D. North Korea
Answer» A. Myanmar
Explanation: Myanmar is known as the Land of the Golden Pagoda for its glittering golden pagodas. It is also known as Suvarnabumi or "Golden Land." Yangon (formerly Rangoon), the country's largest city, is home to gilded Shwedagon Pagoda, which contains Buddhist relics and dates to the 6th century. Pagodas are indeed unique landmarks of Myanmar.

'Buland Darwaza' was built by           .

A. Humayun
B. Akbar
C. Babur
D. Aurangzeb
Answer» B. Akbar
Explanation: Buland Darwaza or the "Gate of Magnificence", was built in 1601 A.D. by Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat.

Battle of Buxar was fought in the year

A. 1576
B. 1526
C. 1764
D. 1857
Answer» C. 1764
Explanation: The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October, 1764 between the forces of the British East India Company uner Hector Munro and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, Nawab of Awadh and the Mughal King Shah Alam II.

Chandragupta Maurya was the

A. Great grandfather of Ashoka
B. Brother of Ashoka
C. Father of Ashoka
D. Grandfather of Ashoka
Answer» D. Grandfather of Ashoka
Explanation: Ashoka was born to the Mauryan emperor, Bindusara and Subhadrangi. He was the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, founder of the Maurya dynasty.

The First Battle of Panipat was fought between the forces of

A. Akbar and Hemu
B. Abdali and the Marathas
C. Humayun and Sher Shah Suri
D. Babur and Ibrahim Lodi
Answer» D. Babur and Ibrahim Lodi
Explanation: The First Battle of Panipat was fought between the invading forces of Babur and Ibrahim Lodi on 21th April, 1526.

India Gate was designed by -

A. Frank Lloyd Wright
B. Sir Edwin Lutyens
C. Frank Gehry
D. Zaha Hadid
Answer» B. Sir Edwin Lutyens
Explanation: The India Gate was designed by Edwin Lutyens, who was not only the main architect of New Delhi, but a leading designer of war memorials.

Indian Constitution came into force on

A. 15th August, 1947
B. 26th January, 1950
C. 26th November, 1948
D. 6th November, 1948
Answer» B. 26th January, 1950
Explanation: The Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950.

In India Governor of a state is removed by -

A. Parliament
B. Central Government
C. President
D. Cheif Minister of a respective state
Answer» C. President
Explanation: According to Article 156 of Indian constitution, the Governor holds office during the pleasure of the President.

In which of the following Indus civilization sites, the Grate Bath structure is found?

A. Harappa
B. Mohenjodaro
C. Kalibangan
D. Dholavira
Answer» B. Mohenjodaro
Explanation: 0

Who was the first Indian woman to win 'Miss World' title?

A. Reita Faria Powell
B. Susmita Sen
C. Aishwara Rai
D. Lara Dutta
Answer» A. Reita Faria Powell
Explanation: Reita Faria Powell won the 'Miss World' title in the year 1966. She is the first Indian and Asian to win the event.

n which session 'Dadabhai Naoroji' was elected as President of Indian National Congress for the first time?

A. Lahore
B. Banaras
C. Calcutta
D. Lucknow
Answer» C. Calcutta
Explanation: Dadabhai Naoroji was elected as President of Indian National Congress for the first time at Calcutta session in 1886.

Which dynasty immediately succeeded the Maurya dynasty and ruled Magadha Kingdom ?

A. Satavahana
B. Shunga
C. Nanda
D. Kanva
Answer» B. Shunga
Explanation: After the fall of Mauryan dynasty, Shunga dynasty established their rule on Magadha kingdom.

Which script was used in Ashoka's inscription?

A. Brahmi
B. Devnagri
C. Gurumukhi
D. Sanskrit
Answer» A. Brahmi
Explanation: The inscriptions and edicts of Ashoka refers to a collection of 33 inscriptions on the pillars of Ashoka and cave walls. The inscriptions were written in Magadhi language using the Brahmi script.

'Shantivan' is the Samadhi of

A. Lal Bahadur Shastri
B. Indira Gandhi
C. Bhimrao Ambedkar
D. Jawaharlal Nehru
Answer» D. Jawaharlal Nehru
Explanation: Shantivan ("forest of peace") is a memorial dedicated to India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

Bharat Ratna is designed like the leaf of

A. banana tree
B. peepal tree
C. coconut tree
D. sandalwood tree
Answer» B. peepal tree
Explanation: The Bharat Raina is designed in the shape of a peepal leaf and carries the words ‘Bharat Ratna’, inscribed in Devanagari script.

Who was the first Indian to go into space?

A. Satish Dhawan
B. Ravi Malhotra
C. Rakesh Sharma
D. None of the above
Answer» C. Rakesh Sharma
Explanation: Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian (man or woman) to go into space when heflew aboard the Soviet rocket Soyuz T-11 on 2 April 1984.

Which was the only Indus Site with an Artificial brick dockyard?

A. Lethal
B. Kalibangan
C. Harappan
D. Mohenjodaro
Answer» A. Lethal
Explanation: Lothal is an Indus valley located near Gulf of khambat in Gujarat, India. It was first excavated by SR Rao in 1957 and it famous for the discovery of dockyard here.

The place of birth of Gautam Buddha is -

A. Dhauli
B. Lumbini
C. Valabhi
D. Kapilvastu
Answer» B. Lumbini
Explanation: Gautam Buddha was born into the Shakya royal family in Lumbini in south Nepal. He grew up in Kapilvastu, the capital city of the Shakya kingdom.

Who drafted the preamble of Indian Constitution?

A. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
B. Jawaharlal Nehru
C. Dr. BR. Ambedkar
D. Led Bahadur Shastri
Answer» B. Jawaharlal Nehru
Explanation: The Preamble to Indian constitution is based on the Objectives Resolution which was drafted and moved in the Constituent Assembly by Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 December 1946.

Who is the first woman legislator in India?

A. Tara Cherian
B. Cornelia
C. Muthulakshmi Reddy
D. Anna Chandy
Answer» C. Muthulakshmi Reddy
Explanation: Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddi, an eminent medical practitioner and social reformer, was the first female legislator in India was appointed to the Madras Legislative Council in 1927.

n the day of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, the people were collected in the Bagh to protest against which measure of the British Government?

A. Martia1 law in Punjab
B. Simon Commission
C. Ilbert Bill
D. Rowlatt Act
Answer» D. Rowlatt Act
Explanation: A huge crowd gathered at Jallianwala Bagh for a meeting on 13 April 1919, the day of Baisakhi, to make their pleadings with the authorities to withdraw the highly suppressive Rowlatt Act.

The Upanishads are the -

A. Great Epica
B. Story Books
C. Source of Hindu Philosophy
D. Law Books
Answer» C. Source of Hindu Philosophy
Explanation: The Upanishadsare a collection of texts that contain some of the central philosophical concepts of Hinduism.

Who was the founder of 'Banaras Hindu University'?

A. Sukumar Dutt
B. Madan Mohan Malvia
C. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
D. Motilal Nehru
Answer» B. Madan Mohan Malvia
Explanation: Banaras Hindu University (BHU), formerly Central Hindu College, was established by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviyain Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, in 1916.

The second Battle of Tarain was fought between -

A. Alexander and Porus
B. Jai Chand and Mohammed Ghori
C. Akbar and Hemu
D. Mohammed Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan
Answer» D. Mohammed Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan
Explanation: The Second Battle of Tarain was fought between Mohammed Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhannear Thanesar in present-day Haryana in 1192 A.D. In this battle, Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated by Mohammed Ghori.

Which article of the Indian Constitution mentions Financial Emergency?

A. 360
B. 340
C. 350
D. 330
Answer» A. 360
Explanation: Article 360 empowers the president to proclaim a Financial Emergency if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen due to which the financial stability or credit of India or any part of its territory is threatened.

When did Jallianwala Bagh' tragedy occur?

A. 13th April, 1867
B. 15th June, 1947
C. 13th April, 1919
D. 17th May, 2011
Answer» A. 13th April, 1867
Explanation: The Jallianwala Bagh tragedy took place on 13 April, 1919 when a crowd of nonviolent protesters, along with Baishakhi pilgrims, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar Punjab, were fired upon by troops of the British Indian Army Colonel Reginald Dyer.

Who was the first indian Chief Election Commissioner?

A. Morarji Desai
B. Sukumar Sen
C. Sardar Patel
D. V.S Ramadevi
Answer» B. Sukumar Sen
Explanation: Sukumar Sen, an Indian civil servant, was the first Chief ElectionCommissioner of India. he served from 21 March, 1950 to 19 December 1958.

Synagogue is a worship place for which religion?

A. Parsi religion
B. Taoism
C. Judaism
D. Shinto religion
Answer» C. Judaism
Explanation: In Judaism, Synagogue is a community house of worship that serves as a place not only for liturgical services but also for assembly and study.

Bahadur Shah (First) was born in the year             .

A. 1543
B. 1643
C. 1743
D. 1843
Answer» B. 1643
Explanation: Bahadur Shah I was born on 14 October 1643 in Burhanpur to the sixth Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb, and his secondary wife Nawab Bai.

Which type of ancient script did the Harappans use?

A. Pictographic
B. Linear
C. Symbolic
D. Hieroglyphic
Answer» A. Pictographic
Explanation: Harappan script is regarded as pictographic since its signs represent birds, fish, Varieties of the human form, etc.

Who is the author of Arthashastra?

A. Kautilya
B. Tulsidas
C. Vishnu Sharma
D. Kalidasa
Answer» A. Kautilya
Explanation: The Arthashastra is an ancient Indian treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy, written by Kautilya.

The harvest festival of Indian state of Punjab is known as -

A. Pongal
B. Lohri
C. Basant Panchami
D. Gudi Padva
Answer» B. Lohri
Explanation: Lohri festival of Punjab is traditionally associated with the harvest of the rabi crops. The traditional time to harvest sugarcane crops is January, therefore, Lohri is celebrated as a harvest festival.

Who was appointed by Akbar as his Court Musician?

A. Abul Fazal
B. Mian Tansen
C. Raja Birbal
D. Raja Todar Mal
Answer» B. Mian Tansen
Explanation: Mian Tansen was appointed as a court musician by Akbar in 1562 A.D. Tansen was one of the 'Navaratnas' of Akbar's court.

Tripitakas are sacred books of -

A. Hindus
B. Jains
C. Parsis
D. Buddhists
Answer» D. Buddhists
Explanation: The Tripitaka or Three Baskets is the oldest collection of Buddhist scriptures and includes many texts believed to be the words of the historical Buddha.

Which of the following institutions was not founded by Mahatma Gandhi?

A. Sabarmati Ashram
B. Sevagram Ashram
C. Vishwa Bharti
D. Phoenix Ashram
Answer» C. Vishwa Bharti
Explanation: Vishwa Bharti was founded by Rabindranath Tagore in 1921 with proceeds from the prize money of the Nobel Prize he received in 1913 for the publication of his book of poems Gitanjali.

The immortal national song "Vande Mataram" has been written by -

A. Rabindranath Tagore
B. Sarat Chandra Chatterji
C. Bankim Chandra Chatterji
D. Surendranath Bandopadyay
Answer» C. Bankim Chandra Chatterji
Explanation: Vande Mataram is a poem from Bankim Chandra Chatterjee's 1882 novel Anandmath.

One of the earliest explorers who visited India was Megasthenes. Which country did he hail from?

A. Greece
B. Spain
C. Egypt
D. Italy
Answer» A. Greece
Explanation: Megasthenes was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period.

Which of the following was India's first interplanetary mission?

A. Chandrayaam Mission
B. Mangalyaan Mission
C. Aryabhatta Mission
D. Philae Mission
Answer» B. Mangalyaan Mission
Explanation: The Mars Orbiter Mission, also called Mangalyaan, is India's first interplanetary mission. Launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 5 November 2013.

The "Blue Water Policy" was introduced by the Portugese leader

A. Franscisco-de-Almeida
B. Alfonso de Albuquerque
C. Francis Caron
D. Francis Martin
Answer» A. Franscisco-de-Almeida
Explanation: The "Blue Water" policy is attributed to Don Francisco de Almeida, the first Viceroy of the Portuguese possessions in India.

The famous Vishnu Temple at Angkor Wat in Cambodia was built by -

A. Shrutavarman
B. Suryavarman II
C. Indravarman
D. Aniruddha
Answer» B. Suryavarman II
Explanation: The Vishnu Temple at Angkor Wat in Cambodia was built by the Khmer King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura (present-day Angkor), the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his State temple and eventual mausoleum. It was gradually transformed into a Buddhist temple toward the end of the 12th century.

Who propounded the Panchsheel principles?

A. Mahatma Gandhi
B. Lord Buddha
C. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
D. Swami Dayanand Saraswati
Answer» C. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Explanation: 0

Who propounded the Panchsheel Principles?

A. Mahatma Gandhi
B. Lord Buddha
C. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru
D. Swami Dayanand Saraswati
Answer» C. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru
Explanation: The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, known in India as the Panchsheel, are a set of principles to govern relations between states. Their first formal codification in treaty form was in an agreement between by China and India in 1954.

After ndependence, Hyderabad, the State of Nizam, was taken over by the Indian Government through -

A. police action
B. militay action
C. persuasion
D. negotiations
Answer» B. militay action
Explanation: Operation Polo code name for The Hyderabad Police Action was a military operation in September 1948 in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the State of Hyderabad and ended the rule of Nizam, annexing the state into the Indian Union. The conflict began after Nizam Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII decided not to join the princely State of Hyderabad to either India or Pakistan after the partition of India.

How many spokes are there in the Dharma Chakra of the National Flag?

A. 22
B. 24
C. 18
D. 14
Answer» B. 24
Explanation: The National flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolor flag, of India saffron, white and India green; with the Ashok Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre. According to the Flag code of India the Indian flag has a ratio of two by three (where the length of the flag is 1.5 times that of the width). All three stripes of the flag (India saffron), white and India green) should be equal in width and length.

The first woman to become a Chief Minister of any State in India was -

A. Nandini Satpathy
B. Dr. J. Jayalalitha
C. Sucheta Kripalani
D. Ms. Mayawati
Answer» C. Sucheta Kripalani
Explanation: Sucheta Kriplani, born Sucheta Mazumdar, was an Indian freedom fighter and politician in Uttar Pradesh, India. She became the first woman to be elected Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1963. The highlight of hertenure was the firm handling of a state employees strike. The first-ever strike by the state employees which continued for 62 days took place during her regime. She relented only when the employees' leaders agreed for compromise.

Which amidst the following sites/monuments in India is NOT on the UNESCO's list of World Cultural Heritages?

A. Ellora Caves
B. Kashi Viswanath Temple
C. Qutab Minar
D. Manas Wild-life Sanctuary
Answer» B. Kashi Viswanath Temple
Explanation: Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and is located in Varanasi, the Holiest existing Place of Hindus, where at least once in life a Hindu is expected to do pilgrimage, and if possible, also pour the remains (ashes) of cremated ancestors here on the River Ganges.

Lord Cornwallis is known for             .

A. permanent revenue settlement of Bengal
B. attacking the caste system
C. land revenue settlement of United States
D. ryotwari settlement of Madras
Answer» A. permanent revenue settlement of Bengal
Explanation: Permanent land revenue settlement was introduced in 1793 by Lord Cornwallis in one fifth of British territory in India, including Bengal, Bihar Orissa, parts of Northern Karnataka, Varanasi and some other areas.

The first woman to preside over the UN General Assembly:

A. Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
B. Vijaylakshmi Pandit
C. Kamla Nehru
D. Indira Gandhi
Answer» B. Vijaylakshmi Pandit
Explanation: In 1953, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit became the first woman President of the UnitedNations General Assembly. Between 1946 and 1968, she headed the Indian delegation to the United Nations.

In which of the following countries were / Buddha's idols disfigured and removed recently?

A. Pakistan
B. Turkey
C. Afghanistan
D. Iran
Answer» C. Afghanistan
Explanation: Buddhas of Bamiyan were two 6th century monumental statues of standing Buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan which were dynamited and destroyed in March 2001 by the Taliban, on orders from leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, after the Taliban government declared that they were idols.

Identify the UNESCO approved World Heritage site from the following.

A. Somnath Temple
B. Salarjung Museum
C. Khajuraho group of temples
D. Chaar Bagh Railway station
Answer» C. Khajuraho group of temples
Explanation: The citadel of Chandella Rajputs, Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples famous for their erotic sculptures. The Khajuraho Group of Monuments has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is considered to be one of the "seven wonders" of India.

Who is the creator of the piece titled "Portrait of Francoise"?

A. Leonardo da Vinci
B. Paul Cezanne
C. Pablo Picasso
D. H. Rembrandt
Answer» C. Pablo Picasso
Explanation: Portrait of Françoise is a famous painting by Pablo Picasso. In 1944, after the liberation of Paris, Picasso, then 63 years old, began a romantic relationship with a young artstudent named Françoise Gilot. She was 40 years younger than he was.

The film Mangal Pandey released in August 2005 deals with -

A. Jallianwala Bagh tragedy
B. Netaji Subash Bose's fight against British occupation of India
C. the first war of Indian Independence in 1857
D. the partition of India and Pakistan
Answer» B. Netaji Subash Bose's fight against British occupation of India
Explanation: Mangal Pandey: The Rising (released in India or 12 August 2005) is an Indian movie based on the life of Mangal Pandey, an Indian soldier who is known for his role in the Indian Mutiny of 1857. It is directed by Ketan Mehta. Aamir Khan plays the lead role of Mangal Pandey who was a Sepoy whose actions helped spar the Indian rebellion of 1857. The rebellion is also known as "The First War of Indian Independence", "The Sepoy Mutiny" or The Sepoy Rebellion"

Where are the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier housed?

A. Velankanni, Chennai
B. Se Cathedral, Velha (Goa)
C. Basilica of Bom Jesus, Velha (Goa)
D. St. Xaviers Church, Mumbai
Answer» C. Basilica of Bom Jesus, Velha (Goa)
Explanation: The Basilica of Bom Jesus or Borea Jezuchi Bajilika is located in Goa, India, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The basilica holds the mortal remains of St. Francis Xavier, a very close friend of St. Ignatius Loyola with whom he founded the Society of Jesus, the (Jesuits).

Where was "tancho brocade” developed?

A. Varanasi
B. Dhaka
C. Surat
D. Tanjavur
Answer» A. Varanasi
Explanation: The following are considered to be the main characteristics of the brocade fabrics of Banaras: heavy gold work; compact weaving; figures have small details; metallic visual effects; pallus; jal and mina work. Banarasi brocade produced two sub-variants from its original structure namely: Katan and Tanchoi.

Who was the town-planner of Chandigarh?

A. Edward Lutyens
B. Charles Correa
C. Le Corbusier
D. Christopher Wren
Answer» C. Le Corbusier
Explanation: Of all the new town schemes in independent India, the Chandigarh project quickly assumed prime significance, because of the city's strategic location as well as the personal interest of Jawaharlal Nehru the first Prime Minister of independent India.

The methods of democratic socialism are-

A. Revolution
B. General strike
C. Sabotage
D. Persuasion and propaganda
Answer» D. Persuasion and propaganda
Explanation: Democratic socialism is a political philosophy and social movement thatrejects centralized, elitist or authoritarian means of transitioning from capitalism to socialism. Democratic socialism advocates for the immediate creation of decentralized economic democracy from the grassroots level, undertaken by and for the working class itself. The methods of democratic socialism as followed by Nehru are discussion, argument and persuasion.

What is the name of the era on which the National Calendar of India is based?

A. Vikrama era
B. Kali era
C. Saka era
D. None of above
Answer» C. Saka era
Explanation: The Indian national calendar (sometimes called Saka calendar) is the official civil calendar in use in India. It is used, alongside the Gregorian calendar, by The Gazette of India, news broadcasts by All India Radio and calendars and communications issued by the Government of India.

In Afghanistan two towering Buddha statues were destroyed at-

A. Kandahar
B. Yakaolong
C. Bamiyan
D. Mazar-i-Sharif
Answer» C. Bamiyan
Explanation: Buddhas of Bamiyan were two 6th century monumental statues of standing Buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan which were dynamited and destroyed in March 2001 by the Taliban, on orders from leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, after the Taliban government declared that they were idols.

Which amidst the following has not yet been recognized as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO

A. Ellora
B. Fatehpur Sikiri
C. Ajanta
D. Nalanda
Answer» D. Nalanda
Explanation: The list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and their inclusion years (in brackets) from India is: Ajanta Caves (1983), Ellora Caves (1983) and Fatehpur Sikri (1986).

Who discovered sea route to India via the 'Cape of Good Hope'?

A. Vasco da Gama
B. Amundsen
C. Christopher Columbus
D. John Cabot
Answer» A. Vasco da Gama
Explanation: Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer who discovered the sea route to India from Europe through the Cape of Good Hope. During his first voyage, his ships sailed on and rounded the Cape of Good Hope on March 20, 1499. Da Gama's second voyage to India was in 1502 and was made up of 20 ships.

The Indian monument recently inscribed in the UNESCO's World Heritage List is:

A. Jantar Mantar of Ujjain
B. Jantar Mantar of Varanasi
C. Jantar Mantar of Delhi
D. Jantar Mantar of Jaipur
Answer» D. Jantar Mantar of Jaipur
Explanation: The Jantar Mantar is a collection of architectural astronomical instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II at his then new capital of Jaipur between 1727 and 1734.

Name the Commander of the Arab army who conquered the Sindh.

A. Al Hazzaz
B. Qutbuddin Aibak
C. Allauddin Khilji
D. Muhammad bin Gasim
Answer» D. Muhammad bin Gasim
Explanation: Mohammad bin gasim of Arab invaded India in 712AD. He conquered Sind and Multan but the Arabs failed to extend their dominions. So they could not set up a permanent kingdom in India.

Who coined the name 'Pakistan'?

A. Mohammad Ali Jinnah
B. Fazlul Haq
C. Liaquat Ali Khar
D. Choudhry Rehmat Ali
Answer» D. Choudhry Rehmat Ali
Explanation: Choudhary Rahmat Ali s credited with creating the name "Pakistan" for a separate Muslim homeland in South Asia and is generally known as the founder of the movement for its creation. He is best known as the author of a famous 1933 pamphlet titled "Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever", also known the Pakistan Declaration.

Who built Shantiniketan?

A. Guru Ramdas
B. Maharaja Pratap Singh
C. Rabindra Nath Tagore
D. British Govt
Answer» C. Rabindra Nath Tagore
Explanation: Santiniketanis a small town near Bolpur in the Birbhum district of West Bengal, that was established by Maharshi Devendranath Tagore. It was later expanded by his son Rabindranath Tagore whose vision became what is now a university town, Visva-Bharati University.

Gateway of India was built by -

A. Frank Lloyd Wright
B. George Wittet
C. Frank Gehry
D. Zaha Hadid
Answer» B. George Wittet
Explanation: George Wittet (1878-1926) was a Scottish architect who designed of Bombay's best known landmarks: the Prince of Wales Museum, the Gateway of India, The Institute of Science, etc. The Gateway of India was built to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to Mumbai, prior to the Delhi Durbar, in December 1911.

Who among the following from the first cabinet of independent India was responsible for mass religious conversion?

A. Dr. S. P. Mukherjee
B. Dr. John Mathai
C. Sardar Baldev Singh
D. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
Answer» D. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
Explanation: After publishing a series of books and articles arguing that Buddhism was the only way for the Untouchables to gain equality, Ambedkar publicly converted on October 14, 1956, at Deekshabhoomi, Nagpur. He took the three refuges and the Five Precepts from a Buddhist monk, Bhadant U Chandramani, in the traditional manner, and in his turn administered them to the 600,000 of his followers who were present.

The Bandung Conference was a major milestone in the history of:

A. The Non-aligned movement
B. Indo-Chinese relationship
C. U.S.-Vietnam War
D. Creation of ASEAN
Answer» A. The Non-aligned movement
Explanation: The first large-scale Asian- African or Afro-Asian Conference-also known as the Bandung Conference - was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18-24, 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia. The twenty- nine countries that participated at the Bandung Conference represented nearly one-fourth of the Earth's land surface and a total population of 1.5 billion people.

The only Viceroy to be assassinated in India was

A. Lord Harding
B. Lord Northbrook
C. Lord Ellenborough
D. Lord Mayo
Answer» D. Lord Mayo
Explanation: Lord May, the viceroy of India during 1869-1872, was assassinated by Sher Ali Afridi, an Afridi Pathan convict at Port Blair in the Andaman islands on 8 February 1972.

Who among the following great Mughals, was also a first-rate poet?

A. Akbar
B. Babur
C. Jahangir
D. Shah Jahan
Answer» B. Babur
Explanation: Babur was a great poet, whose rubais delights and inspires many people even today. He wrote one of the most famous oriental works in world literature: "Baburnama".

The World famous Red Fort of Delhi was built by which of the following Mughal rules?

A. Akbar
B. Aurangzeb
C. Jahangir
D. Shah Jahan
Answer» D. Shah Jahan
Explanation: The Red Fort of Delhi was constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1648,

Who painted the master piece "Hamsa Damayanthi"?

A. A.E. Menon
B. Raja Ravivarma
C. Rabindranath Tagore
D. Amritha Shergil
Answer» B. Raja Ravivarma
Explanation: Hamsa Damayanti is a 1889 painting by Raja Ravi Varma. The painting is considered as a pice of modern art.

First Governor General of India, after independence was -

A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Rajendra Prasad
C. Climent Atlee
D. Lord Mountbatten
Answer» D. Lord Mountbatten
Explanation: Lord Louis Mountbatten was the first Governor General of independence India after having overseen independence.

Who introduced leather token currency in India?

A. Akbar
B. Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq
C. Babur
D. Humayun
Answer» B. Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq
Explanation: The Whimsical Emperor Muhammad Tughlaq (AD 1325-1350) introduced the leather currency in India but like many of his other monetary reforms it did not succeed. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was the son of founder of Tughlaq dynasty, Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq

Aurobindo Ghosh was arrested in connection with -

A. Alipore Bomb Case
B. Kolhapur Bomb Case
C. Lahore Conspiracy Case
D. Kakori Case
Answer» A. Alipore Bomb Case
Explanation: The 'Alipore Bomb Case' was "the first state trial of any magnitude in India". The British Government arrested Sri Aurobindo, a prominent Nationalist Leader at the time, Barindra Ghose, and many young revolutionaries.

Which country's constitution is the world's longest?

A. United States of America
B. China
C. India
D. Great Britain
Answer» C. India
Explanation: The Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing 444 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and more than 118 amendments, with 146,385 words in its English- language version.

Jama Masjid in Delhi was constructed by -

A. Firoz Shah Tughlaq
B. Shah Jahan
C. Aurangzeb
D. Sher Shah Suri
Answer» B. Shah Jahan
Explanation: The Jama Masjid of Delhi was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1656 at a cost of 1 milion rupees.

Ashoka was a king of which dynasty?

A. Pradyota
B. Haryanka
C. Maurya
D. Nanda
Answer» C. Maurya
Explanation: Ashoka was an ancient Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the Indian Subcontinent.

Dara Shikoh was the brother of :

A. Humayun
B. Akbar
C. Shah Jahan
D. Aurangzeb
Answer» D. Aurangzeb
Explanation: Dara Shikoh was the eldest son and the heir-apparent of the fifthe Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.

The famous traitor ‘Mir Zafar’ is associated with the battle of

A. Haldighati
B. Plassey
C. Panipat
D. Buxar
Answer» B. Plassey
Explanation: Mir Zafar played the role of traitor in the Battle of Plassey in 1757.

Battle of Panipat was fought in the year 1526 between Babur and             .

A. Rana Sanga
B. Muhammad Bin Tughlak
C. Hemu
D. Ibrahim Lodi
Answer» D. Ibrahim Lodi
Explanation: The First Battle of Panipat was fought between Ibrahim Lodhi, the Afghan Sultan of Delhi, and the Turko-Mongol warlord Babur at Panipat near Delhi on 21 April 1526.

When was Indian Navy Act passed?

A. 1927
B. 1937
C. 1947
D. 1957
Answer» A. 1927
Explanation: The Indian Navy Act was first passed in 1927 during the British Rule in India. It was later replaced by the Navy Act 1957 that was enacted on 27 December 1957.

Who is the author of ‘Akbarnama’?

A. Shahj ahan
B. Abul Fazl
C. Samudragupta
D. Alauddin Khilji
Answer» B. Abul Fazl
Explanation: Abul Fazl, one of the nine jewels in Akbar‘s court, authored the Akbamama (Book of Akbar) between 1590 and 1596.

Who was the first Speaker of Lok Sabha?

A. Dr. SP Mukherjee
B. GV Mavalankar
C. N Sanjeeva Reddy
D. BR Ambedkar
Answer» B. GV Mavalankar
Explanation: Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar popularly known as ‘Dadasaheb' was the first Speaker of Lok Sabha when first Lok Sabha was constituted in 1952.

Who has been conferred the first Indira Gandhi Peace award?

A. Mother Teresa
B. Mikhail Gorbachev
C. Nelson Mandela
D. Rajiv Gandhi
Answer» B. Mikhail Gorbachev
Explanation: In 1986 former Soviet Union Leader Mikhail Gorbachev became the first person to receive the award in 1987.

What is the name of the court poet of King Harshavardhana?

A. Tulsidas
B. Banabhatta
C. Surdas
D. Raskhan
Answer» B. Banabhatta
Explanation: Banabhatta was the Asthana Kavior court poet in the court of King Harsha Vardhana, who reigned 606647 CE in north India first from Thanesar.

Who of the following sultanate rulers introduced 'Jizya?

A. Alauddin Khilji
B. Firoz Tughlaq
C. Muhammed-bin-Tughlaq
D. Qutb-ud-din Aibak
Answer» D. Qutb-ud-din Aibak
Explanation: Jizya was a poll tax levied by the Muslim rulers on certain non-muslim residents of Muslim territory under Islamic Law. It was first introduced by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 13th century.

49th Parallel is the boundary line between which two countries?

A. USA and Canada
B. North and South Vietnam
C. Germany and France
D. Brazil and Chile
Answer» A. USA and Canada
Explanation: The 49th parallel is used as an informal name for the Canadian border with the USA, which is marked out by the parallel line of latitude at 49°N.
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