Environment and Sociology Solved MCQs


The number of live births per 1,000 people in a population in a year is known as _____.

A. fecundity
B. fertility
C. crude birth rate
D. basic demographic equation
Answer» C. crude birth rate

An enumeration or counting of a population is referred to as

A. vital statistic
B. census
C. fertility rate c
D. growth rate
Answer» B. census

Records of births, deaths, marriages, and divorces, gathered through a registration system maintained by governmental units, are referred to as

A. census
B. demography
C. vital statistics
D. none of the above
Answer» C. vital statistics

__________ is the change from high birthrates and death rates to relatively low birthrates and death rates.

A. demographic transition
B. growth rate
C. demographic rate
D. morbidity
Answer» A. demographic transition

Which one of the following has higher population density as compared to India?

A. canada
B. india
C. china
D. bangladesh
Answer» D. bangladesh

the main cause for the high growth of our population is

A. decline of death rate
B. decrease in birth rate
C. rise in death rate
D. none of these
Answer» A. decline of death rate

The number of people in different age group is referred as

A. adolescent population
B. age composition
C. sex ratio
D. occupational structure
Answer» B. age composition

What is the average sex ratio of India as per 2001 census?

A. 900
B. 933
C. 923
D. none of the above
Answer» B. 933

When did the national population policy came into effect?

A. 1952
B. 2001
C. 2000
D. 1947
Answer» C. 2000

India occupies ---------- rank among the population of the different countries of the world?

A. a. third
B. first
C. fourth
D. second
Answer» D. second

Name the state having highest percentage of literacy level?

A. west bengal
B. punjab
C. kerala
D. maharashtra
Answer» C. kerala

Which is the most populous country of the world?

A. a. russia
B. united states
C. china
D. india
Answer» C. china

Which is the year that experienced great demographic divide in the history of population?

A. 1751
B. 1921
C. 1931
D. 1911
Answer» B. 1921

Which of the following is the major concern about the study of population in a country?

A. population size and distribution
B. characteristics of population
C. population growth and process of population change
D. all of the above
Answer» B. characteristics of population

The time span for the official enumeration of population to carry out census?

A. a. 1 years
B. 10 years
C. 2 years
D. 5 years
Answer» B. 10 years

Sex ratio means……………

A. difference between birth rate and death rate
B. number of females per thousand males
C. number of females per hundred males
D. the study of population growth
Answer» B. number of females per thousand males

Who was the exponent of optimum population theory ?

A. malthus
B. edwin cannan
C. adam smith
D. amarthyasen
Answer» B. edwin cannan

The term “development”

A. is useful because it is unambiguous – everyone understands what the word means.
B. is highly contested and embodies the politics of the user.
C. is change towards in a desired direction
D. all of the above
Answer» C. is change towards in a desired direction

If both fertility and mortality decline, then:

A. proportion of dependent children will increase
B. proportion of active population will increase
C. proportion of dependent aged will increase
D. proportion of dependent aged will decrease
Answer» C. proportion of dependent aged will increase

Largest component of internal migration in India is:

A. rural urban migration
B. urban rural migration
C. marriage migration
D. rural migration
Answer» A. rural urban migration

Who has said that ‘Democracy is concerned with the behaviour or the aggregate and not with the behaviour of individual’

A. donald j bogue
B. peter r cox
C. h strenford
D. w g barclay
Answer» D. w g barclay

Who postulated that fertility increases in response to the progress of society?

A. herbert spencer
B. corrado gini
C. e m hoover
D. c p blacker
Answer» A. herbert spencer

Human population can:

A. exist apart from cultural interaction
B. exist a part from social interaction
C. exist a part from social-cultural interaction
D. not exist apart from social-cultural interaction
Answer» D. not exist apart from social-cultural interaction

Low birth rate and pregnancy wastage in the population are primarily due to:

A. traditional practices
B. maternal malnutrition
C. female illiteracy
D. insufficient health care
Answer» A. traditional practices

Who gave the concept of social capillarity?

A. a bose
B. l wirth
C. l dumont
D. r k mukherjee
Answer» C. l dumont

The term ‘political socialization’ was used by:

A. herbert hayman
B. herbert spencer
C. almond powell
D. easton and dannis
Answer» A. herbert hayman

The scientific study of population is known as ---------------

A. population studies
B. demography
C. population science
D. gerentology
Answer» B. demography

Which is the pull factor of Migration?

A. religious conversion
B. natural calamities
C. political disorder
D. employment opportunities
Answer» D. employment opportunities

A special type of bar chart that distributes the population by gender and age, and is generally used to illustrate the population structure of a society, is called a/an

A. analysis of variance
B. population pyramid
C. chi-square
D. multiple regression
Answer» B. population pyramid

Is the state of a population where the number of births plus immigrants equals the number of deaths plus emigrants?

A. demographic echo
B. zero population growth
C. rebound
D. demographic transition
Answer» B. zero population growth
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