220+ Social Structure and Change in India Solved MCQs


Proximity to nature is a characteristic feature of–

A. Agrarian society
B. Urban society
C. Industrial society
D. Post-industrial society
Answer» A. Agrarian society

The total organisation of social life within a limited area may be termed as–

A. A community
B. An association
C. An institution
D. A society
Answer» A. A community

Which of the following will not be considered as Primary group?

A. Family
B. Peer Group
C. Neighbourhood
D. Crowd
Answer» B. Peer Group

As per Hindu Dharrnsastra marriage between a Brahmin woman and a man from 'Vaishya Varna' is called–

A. Pratiloma
B. Anuloma
C. Exogamy
D. Love marriage
Answer» A. Pratiloma

___________ borrowed the administrative model of the persian empire.

A. British
B. Mughal,
C. Mauryan
D. Gupta
Answer» C. Mauryan

Kushans brought the famous_______ art.

A. Kathakali
B. Mohiniyatam,
C. Kathak
D. Gandharan
Answer» D. Gandharan

Social mobility is the most important feature of .

A. Urban society
B. Rural society
C. Tribal society
D. Industrial Society
Answer» A. Urban society

The natural boundaries provide India is.

A. Cultural unity
B. Political unity
C. Religious unity
D. Geographical unity
Answer» D. Geographical unity

Government which year human rights act as commissioners in census?

A. 1911
B. 1950
C. 1942
D. 1921
Answer» A. 1911

Who defined the ‘religion is an attitude towards superhuman powers’

A. Mac Iver
B. Page
C. Ogburn
D. Ginsberg
Answer» C. Ogburn

Islam religion comes to India in century.

A. 12
B. 13
C. 10
D. 14
Answer» A. 12

Who was the founder of Sikhism?

A. Guru Nanak,
B. Guru Govind
C. Mahveer
D. None of the above
Answer» A. Guru Nanak,

Who was the census commissioner in 1911?

A. Herbert Risely
B. Jawaharlal Nehru
C. M.N. Srinivas
D. G S Gurye
Answer» A. Herbert Risely

The concept of mother India also indicates _______ .

A. The realization of geographical unity
B. Natural boundaries
C. Land of Bharat
D. Indian diaspora
Answer» A. The realization of geographical unity

What are the factors of language growth

A. level of literacy
B. cultural growth
C. both
D. None of these
Answer» C. both

Racial groups are divided into three by __________

A. anthropologists
B. Sociologists
C. Scientist
D. Administrators
Answer» A. anthropologists

The villages are the symbol of cultural homogeneity and the cities symbolize.

A. Homogeneity
B. Isolation
C. Cultural heterogeneity
D. Alienation
Answer» C. Cultural heterogeneity

Who says that diversity of physical and social type, language, customand religion which strike the observance in India?

A. M.N. Srinivas
B. Herbert Risely
C. Harvard Wood
D. A R Desai
Answer» B. Herbert Risely

Mangoloids are concentrated in _________

A. India
B. America
C. U.K
D. Europe
Answer» A. India

Language of Negritos

A. Andamanis and Ongan
B. Andamanis and Burma
C. Ongan
D. Devanagiri
Answer» A. Andamanis and Ongan

Negritos are concentrated in _________

A. Andaman island
B. India
C. Sreelanka
D. North East India
Answer» A. Andaman island

Specialty of mangoloids are __________

A. fair
B. black
C. both
D. None of the above
Answer» A. fair

___________ is the major concern of man.

A. Family
B. Religion
C. Society
D. Community
Answer» B. Religion

According to the 1931 census there were ______ religious groups in India.

A. 10
B. 20
C. 22
D. 14
Answer» A. 10

__________ is the oldest religion of the world.

A. Christianity
B. Hinduism
C. Jainism
D. Islam
Answer» B. Hinduism

--------- is the basic unit of Indian rural social structure.

A. Marriage
B. Caste system
C. Family
D. Community
Answer» C. Family

The main duty of the family

A. schooling
B. socialization
C. internalization
D. Agriculture
Answer» B. socialization

The caste system based on ----------

A. Religion
B. Endogamy
C. Marriage
D. Region
Answer» A. Religion

Economic system of the village is based on ------

A. Functional specialization
B. Political system
C. Training
D. Homogeneous
Answer» A. Functional specialization

Buddhism was founded by _______

A. Mahaveer
B. Gautama Buddha
C. Allah
D. Prophets
Answer» B. Gautama Buddha

Jainism was founded by _________

A. Mahaveer
B. Allah
C. Christ
D. Goutama Budda
Answer» A. Mahaveer

___________ is the major feature of rural society.

A. Social heterogeneity
B. Dynamic life
C. Homogeneity
D. Social mobility
Answer» C. Homogeneity

Self sufficiency is a major feature of ___________

A. Rural society
B. urban society
C. tribal society
Answer» A. Rural society

India is a land of -----------

A. villages
B. Cities
C. Township
D. Rururbs
Answer» A. villages

A village has less than __________ individuals

A. 10000
B. 15000
C. 5000
D. 25000
Answer» C. 5000

____ is the main occupation of the Indians

A. Business
B. Agriculture
C. Priesthood
D. Cottage industries
Answer» B. Agriculture

_____ is a land of diversities

A. Village
B. Kerala
C. Nepal
D. India
Answer» D. India

The important feature of the Indian social structure?

A. Mono religious
B. Multi-religious
C. Rigid mentality
D. Social mobility
Answer» B. Multi-religious

The villages economic activities are determined by the -------------

A. Economic conditions
B. Social conditions
C. Cultural conditions
D. Political conditions
Answer» B. Social conditions

What is the basic unit of Society?

A. Marriage
B. Family
C. Kinship
D. None of these
Answer» B. Family

What is the first and most immediate social environment to which a child is exposed?

A. Family
B. Nuclear family
C. Society
D. both (a) and (b)
Answer» A. Family

Family is a ..................... group

A. Social
B. Institution
C. Universal
D. both (a) & (c)
Answer» A. Social

In the Industrial Society the family is limited to husband, wife and their children is called

A. Extended family
B. family
C. Nuclear family
D. None of these
Answer» C. Nuclear family

The word family is derived from..........................

A. Greek
B. Spanish
C. Latin
D. Portuguese
Answer» C. Latin

The term bharat varsha stands for.

A. Fundamental unity,
B. Unity and diversity
C. Geographical unity
D. Cultural unity
Answer» A. Fundamental unity,

_____________ says about “The unity of India”

A. M.N. Srinivas
B. Merton
C. Gupta
D. Ashoka
Answer» A. M.N. Srinivas

_____ was the root of both pali and prakit?

A. Hindi
B. Sanskrit,
C. Malayalam
D. Konkini
Answer» B. Sanskrit,

The constitution of India in its height recognizes _____official languages.

A. 42
B. 22
C. 2,
D. 5
Answer» B. 22

Name the official languages of India?

A. Assamese
B. Bengali
C. Devnagiri
D. Hindi
Answer» D. Hindi

Who defined the family is a biological Social unit composed of husband wife and children?

A. Mac Iver
B. Burgess
C. Eliot
D. M.F. Nimkoff
Answer» A. Mac Iver

What is the main basis of the structure of family?

A. Husband
B. Mother
C. Both (a) and (b)
D. Marriage
Answer» C. Both (a) and (b)

What is the second basis of the structure of the family?

A. Husband and Mother
B. Marriage
C. Procreation
D. None of these
Answer» C. Procreation

......................... is one of the main aim of family life?

A. Procreation
B. Marriage
C. Production of child
D. Sexual satisfaction
Answer» D. Sexual satisfaction

Family is an agent of .................

A. Marriage
B. Society
C. Socialisation
D. Social Institution
Answer» C. Socialisation

What is the meaning of ‘Famulus’?

A. Family
B. Servant
C. Group
D. None of these
Answer» B. Servant

................... is a basic definite and enduring group.

A. Marriage
B. Society
C. Family
D. Both (b) and (c)
Answer» C. Family

................... is formed by the relatively durable companionship of husband and wife.

A. Family
B. Marriage
C. Social Institution
D. Kinship
Answer» A. Family

Family provides ......................... status?

A. Achieved
B. Ascribed
C. Both (a) and (b)
D. Ethnic
Answer» B. Ascribed

It is a type of family in which husband, wife and their unmarried children is called .............

A. Joint family
B. Nuclear Family
C. Extended family
D. None of these
Answer» B. Nuclear Family

............... family the bride resides with the husband’s family

A. patrilocal
B. Matrilocal
C. patriarchal
D. Matriarchal
Answer» A. patrilocal

In the .............. family the ancestors are men

A. Matrilineal
B. Partilocal
C. Partiarchal
D. Patrilineal
Answer» D. Patrilineal

On the basis of power and authority families can be divided in to ................

A. Patriarchal
B. Matriarchal
C. Both (a) and (b)
D. None of these
Answer» C. Both (a) and (b)

What are the two main rules of marriage?

A. Monogamy
B. endogamy
C. exogamy
D. both (b) and (c)
Answer» D. both (b) and (c)

Endogamy is a rule of marriage in which the life partners are to be selected within the …

A. group
B. country
C. society
D. None of these
Answer» A. group

..................... is a rule of marriage in which a man has many outside his own group

A. monogamy
B. endogamy
C. exogamy
D. Hypergamy
Answer» C. exogamy

Who says that, Marriage is a contract for the production and maintenance of children?

A. Alfred MC Clung Lee
B. Edward Westmark
C. Robert H. Lowie
D. Malinowski
Answer» D. Malinowski

..................... is the form of marriage in which man marries one woman.

A. Polygyny
B. Exogamy
C. Polyandry
D. Monogamy
Answer» D. Monogamy

...................... is a marriage between two equals

A. exogamy
B. Village gothra
C. Pinda exogamy
D. Isogamy
Answer» D. Isogamy

What are the two forms of an isogamy marriage?

A. Hypergamy
B. Hypogamy
C. Anuloma
D. both (a) & (b)
Answer» D. both (a) & (b)

........... is a marriage of a woman with a man of higher varna or Superior Caste.

A. Hyper gamy
B. Hypogamy
C. Anuloma
D. Prathiloma
Answer» A. Hyper gamy

................ is a marriage of higher caste man with lower caste women.

A. Hypogamy
B. Hypergamy
C. Anuloma
D. Prathiloma
Answer» A. Hypogamy

............. is a marriage of woman to a man from a lower caste

A. Hypogamy
B. Prathiloma
C. Anuloma
D. Hypergamy
Answer» B. Prathiloma

.................... is a form of marriage in which one man marries more than women at a time.

A. Polygyny
B. Polyandry
C. Monogamy
D. Group Marriage
Answer» A. Polygyny

The Latin work Soror stands for ........................

A. Brother
B. Sister
C. Father
D. None of these
Answer» B. Sister

..................... is a form of marriage of one woman with more than one man

A. Polyandry
B. Polyandry
C. Monogamy
D. Polygyny
Answer» B. Polyandry

Several brothers share the same wife which practice is often called .............

A. Sororal polygyny
B. Non-Sororal
C. Fraternal polyandry
D. None of these
Answer» C. Fraternal polyandry

................ is a form of marriage of a man to a woman at a time

A. Polyamy
B. exogamy
C. Monogamy
D. Polyandry
Answer» C. Monogamy

................ is a form of marriage a woman or a man have more than one spouse

A. Polyanchy
B. Monogamy
C. Polygyny
D. Polygamy
Answer» D. Polygamy

What are the two forms of Polygamy marriage?

A. Polygny
B. Monogamy
C. Polyandry
D. both (a) and (c)
Answer» D. both (a) and (c)

................. is the most common and acceptable form of marriage

A. Monogamy
B. Exogamy
C. Polygamy
D. Polyandry
Answer» A. Monogamy

Choose the main aims of marriage

A. Dharma
B. Rathi
C. Praja
D. All these
Answer» D. All these

..................... is an instrument of culture Transmission and an agent of socialisation

A. Society
B. Social control
C. Family
D. None of these
Answer» C. Family

Father is the head of the family and the familial power and authority rests in the father this type of family is known as ..............................

A. Patriarchal
B. Matrilineal
C. Patrilocal
D. Matrilocal
Answer» A. Patriarchal

A marriage of two or more woman with two or more men, is known as .........

A. Sororal Polygyny
B. Monogamy
C. Serial monogamy
D. Group marriage
Answer» D. Group marriage

The bond of blood is called ......................... kinship

A. affinal kinship
B. Primary
C. consanguineous Kinship
D. None of these
Answer» C. consanguineous Kinship

The bond of blood or marriage which binds people together in group is called ..................

A. Kinship
B. Affinial kinship
C. Consanguineous kinship
D. None of these
Answer» A. Kinship

The .............. refers to a set of Principles by which an individual trace the descent.

A. Matrilineal descent
B. Patrilineal descent
C. Bilateral descent
D. rule of descent
Answer» D. rule of descent

.................... Desent traced through the father’s or men line

A. Matrilineal desent
B. Patrilineal descent
C. Bilateral descent
D. Rule of descent
Answer» B. Patrilineal descent

Some relatives are very close and near that is called ..............

A. Affinal
B. Primary kins
C. Secondary kins
D. Consanguineous
Answer» B. Primary kins

Primary kins of a primary kin is called ...............

A. Affinal kin
B. Primary kin
C. Tertiary kin
D. Secondary kin
Answer» D. Secondary kin

Who told that Kinship is simply the relations between ‘kin’ that is persons related by real pulative or fictative Consanguinity?

A. Aberchrombie
B. Robin fox
C. A.R. Radcliffe
D. Nimkoff
Answer» B. Robin fox

The bond of marriage is called ................ kinship

A. affinal kinship
B. Consanguineous kinship
C. both (a) and (b)
D. None of these
Answer» A. affinal kinship

Primary kin of our secondary kin is called .....................

A. Tertiary kin
B. Primary kin
C. Secondary kin
D. None of these
Answer» A. Tertiary kin

The term caste is derived from....................

A. Latin
B. Spanish
C. Portuguese
D. Greek
Answer» C. Portuguese

The word caste means?

A. Race
B. Varna
C. Class
D. None of these
Answer» A. Race

The Jathi are locally defined ..................

A. Varna
B. Colour
C. Kula
D. Group
Answer» D. Group

......... present the most elevated condition of purity

A. Kshathriya
B. Brahmin
C. Shudra
D. Vyshya
Answer» B. Brahmin

Who first use the term sanskritization?

A. M.N. Sreenivas
B. C.H. Coole
C. T.N. Majundar
D. T.N. Madan
Answer» A. M.N. Sreenivas

Who introduced the term modernization?

A. Lundbekg
B. Gait
C. Page
D. Daniel Lerner
Answer» D. Daniel Lerner

........... is a process whereby people of lower castes collectively try to adopt upper caste practices and beliefs and acquire higher status

A. Modernisation
B. Sanskritization
C. Industrialization
D. Westernisation
Answer» B. Sanskritization
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