# 90+ Research Methods and Statistics Solved MCQs

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1.

## The very word statistics refers to .........................

A. state craft
B. science of state
C. political state
D. political craft
2.

## ‘Arthashastra’ provides statistical facts about .............. in the country.

B. population statistics
C. fact of day-to-day life
D. all of the above
3.

## The prominent meaning of ‘statistics’...............

A. data, its analysis and interpretation
B. observation of samples
C. method for analysing numers
D. conducting census
Answer» A. data, its analysis and interpretation
4.

A. webster
B. bowley
C. a.m. tuttle
D. secrist
5.

## Who stated statistics as “aggregate of knowledge brought together for practical ends?

A. w.i. king
B. a.l. bowley
C. prof. h. secrist
D. none of the above
Answer» D. none of the above
6.

## “Statistics are effected to a marked extend by .....................”

A. aggregate of facts
B. multiplicity of causes
C. numerically stated
D. complex manifestations
7.

A. beauty
B. emotion
C. intelligence
D. data
8.

## Data is collected with reasonable standard of ..............

A. numerical method
B. feasibility
C. accuracy
D. all the above
9.

## Statistics is one of those sciences which are only indicative of a trend, therefore .......................

A. it is probabilistic than deterministic
B. it is deterministic than probabilistic
C. a definite date collection method is unnecessary
D. data sources should be clear
Answer» A. it is probabilistic than deterministic
10.

## The definition of various terms, units of collection and measurement help ensuring that ...............................

A. analysis is easy
B. method is systematic and empirical
C. construction of conclusion is easy
D. data is relevant to the purpose
Answer» D. data is relevant to the purpose
11.

## Statistics should be capable of .................................

A. empiricism
B. systematic inquiry
C. comparison
D. evaluation
12.

A. descriptive
B. analytical
C. inferential
D. comparative
13.

## According to Lincoln.L.Chao, what is the primary objective of modern statistics?

A. presentation of data
B. collection of quantitative data
C. assisting in making decisions
D. summarization of data
Answer» C. assisting in making decisions
14.

## ................... guides from the planning stage to the stage of drawing of final conclusions

A. numerical facts
B. statistical methods
C. data
D. none of the above
15.

## Which characteristic of the following is not belonging to, ‘statistics as a method’?

A. a tool of analysis
B. helps processing the raw
C. descriptive nature
D. processing done by systematic analysis & interpretation.
16.

## Which of the following is not an example of the functions of statistics?

A. average
B. intelligence quotient (iq)
C. diagram
D. x2 test
17.

## What does statistics of distribution indicates?

A. consumer preference
B. strength of the desire of people
C. wealth of nation
D. economic conditions of people
Answer» D. economic conditions of people
18.

## Which of the following index numbers is an important statistical concept in economic theory?

A. per capita income
B. cost of living
C. gross national product
D. maximum retail price
19.

## The Govt. Administration is done through ............. which are formulated on statistical basis

A. effective planning
B. budgets
C. policies
D. none of the above
20.

## National sample survey scheme is an example for .................

A. government policy
B. planning
C. population analysis
21.

## What are the two broad functions of statistical methods in Social Research?

A. description and summarizing
B. description and indication
C. description and induction
D. applied mathematics and induction
22.

## What does Social Researchers seek out of vast and confusing variety of individual characters?

A. generalizations
B. decisions
C. single events
D. group characteristics
23.

## What is the reason for the necessity of statistics in the field of social sciences?

A. simplification and quantitative approach
B. knowledge acquisition and description
C. easiness and analytical
D. all the above
Answer» A. simplification and quantitative approach
24.

## Which among the following is a material for statistics?

A. honesty
B. poverty
C. wisdom
D. numerical data
25.

## Which among the following is not a merit of the census method?

A. results are representative
B. information on rare events
C. results are reliable
D. in appropriate method for enumeration
Answer» D. in appropriate method for enumeration
26.

## What is the reason for dropping the enumeration process?

A. cost is prohibitive
B. time consuming
C. large efforts
D. all the above
27.

## What embodies sampling?

A. haphazard selection
B. numbers
C. definite rules
D. accuracy
28.

## The basic objective of sampling study is ........................

A. to draw inference
B. to check units of population
C. to collect numerical data
D. to make census
29.

## The Mathematical theory of probability has helped to form the ..............

A. statistical theory
B. law of inertia of large numbers
C. law of statistical relativity
D. law of statistical regularity
Answer» D. law of statistical regularity
30.

## How did king relate the statistical Regularity and Random sampling?

A. sampling is not related to calculation
B. sample chosen possess some features of the whole
C. chosen sample can follow the statistical methods
D. none of the above
Answer» B. sample chosen possess some features of the whole
31.

## What is the characteristic of the sample which is selected randomly?

A. it is not average of the whole
B. it would be representative
C. it would not be equal to the population
D. all the above
Answer» B. it would be representative
32.

## (i) the results derived from sampling method may be different from population (ii) Sampling method derives only the same characteristics of the population Choose the correct from the following:

A. both the statements are correct
B. both the statements are wrong
C. only the first statement is correct
D. only the second statement is correct
Answer» C. only the first statement is correct
33.

## The Law of Inertia of Large Numbers means ..........................

A. opposite of the law of statistical regularity
B. same to the law of statistical regularity
C. sample in large numbers create big variations in results
D. opposite to the mathematical theory of probability
Answer» B. same to the law of statistical regularity
34.

## To study the variation in the production of rice over a number of years, select from the following, the appropriate sample for drawing results that reflects only small variations?

A. collect data from some states
B. collect data from all the states
C. collect data from one or two states
D. collect data from more than half the number of states
Answer» B. collect data from all the states
35.

## Which among the following is not an essential of sampling?

A. representativeness
B. complete
C. same
D. dependent
36.

## “More reliable results can be obtained through sampling method”, because ……........

A. statistical error is low
B. saves time
C. cost is low
D. none of the above
Answer» A. statistical error is low
37.

## (i) Judging a person is an example for random sampling method (ii) Blood taken for testing is an example for sampling method Choose the correct from the following:

A. both the statements are correct
B. both the statements are wrong
C. only the first statement is correct
D. only the second statement is correct
Answer» A. both the statements are correct
38.

## Which among the following is the sensible theory of sampling?

A. induction
B. inertia
C. regularity
D. none of the above
39.

## “Equal chances of being included in the sample”, about what does Dr. Yates and Harper defined like this?

A. stratified sampling
B. probability sampling
C. proportional sampling
D. none of these
40.

## Who own the random number table which comprising of 15,000 digits arranged in twos?

A. kendall and
B. b. smith b) l.h.c. tippet
C. british census report
D. fisher and yates
41.

## Non-proportional random sampling is a sub-type of ....................

A. unrestricted random sampling
B. simple random sampling
C. stratified random sampling
D. cluster random sampling
42.

## When the population is badly effected, which type of sampling is appropriate?

A. systematic sampling
B. stratified sampling
C. cluster sampling
D. none of the above
43.

A. multistage
B. judgement
C. deliberate
D. systematic
44.

## Quota sampling is the combination of ............. and ............... Sampling

A. purposive and deliberate
B. purposive and systematic
C. stratified and systematic
D. purposive and stratified
45.

## Snowball smpling is used for data collection through ...............

A. connecting relations
B. small population
C. representatives
D. none of the above
46.

## Choose the advantage of snowball sampling from the following

A. population is not seen
B. total size of population is not known
C. researcher’s acquaintance influence the research
Answer» A. population is not seen
47.

## ‘A text Book of Statistics’ is written by ............................

A. s.p. gupta
B. p.l. bhandarkar, t.s wilkinson
C. pauline v. young
D. l.r. potti
48.

## ………… is the short summary of the technical report which is prepared by a Doctoral students.

A. research article
B. research report
C. interim report
D. research report
49.

## ………………… is a narrative and authoritative document on the outcome of research effort.

A. research proposal
B. summary report
C. synopsis
D. research report
50.

## It provides systematic knowledge on problem and issues analysed.

A. research report
B. research abstract
C. research proposal
D. research design
51.

A. mean
B. median
C. mode
D. dispersion
52.

A. mode
B. median
C. mean
D. range
53.

A. mean
B. mode
C. median
D. quartile
54.

## ……………… provide a shorthand summary of data.

A. frequency table
B. simple table
C. cross table
D. two way table.
55.

## …………… is a process of summarizing raw data and displaying them on compact statistical tables for further analysis.

A. statistical analysis
B. data processing
C. tabulation
D. table construction
56.

## ……… is constructed by erecting vertical lines on the limits of the class intervals marked on the base line

A. frequency polygon
B. histogram
C. line graph
D. bar charts
57.

A. bar charts
B. graphs
C. pictograms
D. diagramme
58.

A. lorenz curve
B. bar charts
C. ogive
D. pictograms
59.

A. barcharts
B. pictograms
C. circle charts
D. graphs
60.

## A single value that represent the average characteristic of its frequency distribution

A. quartiles
B. grouped data
C. central tendency
D. range
61.

## The extent of variability is measured by …………………

A. central tendency
B. measures of dispersion
C. arithmetic mean
D. co–relation
62.

A. range
B. dispersion
C. co-relation
D. regression
63.

## Academic community is otherwise called

A. general public
B. target audience
C. participant audience
D. scientific community
64.

A. proposal
B. abstract
C. project
D. report
65.

## ……… provides a summary of the current state of knowledge in the area of investigation

A. introduction
B. analysis
C. conceptual framework
D. review of literature
66.

## ………………….. is the first page of research report

A. introduction
B. title page
C. acknowledgement
D. declaration
67.

A. processing
B. analysis
C. editing
D. coding
68.

## ……………… is a trial test of a specific aspect of the study

A. plan of the study
B. design of the study
C. pie test
D. hypothesis
Answer» B. design of the study
69.

A. definition
B. concepts
C. objectivity
D. hypothesis
70.

## …………………. is the response to code its response

A. tabulation
B. coding
C. classification
D. analysis
71.

## The recording of the data is done on the basis of the scheme

A. coding
B. tabulation
C. classification
D. analysis
72.

## It is a process of checking to detect and correct errors and omissions

A. coding
B. editing
C. analysis
D. classification
73.

A. pictogram
B. pie chart
C. line graph
D. bar chart
74.

A. analysis
B. editing
C. transcription
D. reporting
75.

A. theory
B. reviews
C. hypothesis
D. variables
76.

## …………… helps making estimations or generalizations from the results of sample surveys.

A. statistical analysis
B. hypothesis
C. classifications
D. tabulation
77.

## …………………….. is an organized inquiry

A. scientific method
B. experimental study
C. research
D. social science research
78.

## ………………. is drawn on the basis of cumulative frequencies

A. cumulative frequency polygon
B. frequency polygon
C. histogram
D. graphs
79.

## ………… is a plan, structure and strategy of investigations so conceived as to obtain answers to research problem

A. research plan
B. research proposal
C. research design
D. research methodology
80.

## Any variable that is responsive for bringing about a change is called an ………….. variable

A. dependent
B. independent
C. control
D. interdependent
81.

A. attribute
B. theory
D. variable
82.

## …………… is a purposeful systematic and selective way of watching and listening to an interaction

A. observation
B. interview
C. focus group
D. participant observation
83.

## Preface include in the …………… section

A. reference
B. preliminary
C. body of the report
D. content section
84.

A. author index
B. footnotes
C. appendices
D. bibliography
85.

A. references
B. bibiliography
C. footnotes
D. appendices
86.

A. findings
B. review
C. methodology
D. hypothesis
87.

A. mean
B. average
C. mode
D. median
88.

## ………………. is a positional average.

A. standard deviation
B. range
C. correlation
D. median
89.

A. graphic
B. table
C. qualitative
D. quantitative
90.

A. vertical
B. horizontal
C. component
D. circle
91.

## ….… is an indepth comprehensive study of a person, unit, institution etc.

A. content analysis
B. observation method
C. case-study
D. focus group study
92.

A. formulating
B. designing
C. selecting
D. reporting
93.

## ……………… is a way to systematically solve the research problem.

A. research design
B. research methodology
C. research planning
D. research discussion
94.

A. applied
B. descriptive
C. qualitative
D. empirical
95.

A. dispersion
B. range
C. quartile
D. mean
96.

## ………… provides the complete outline of the research report along with all details.

A. preliminary
B. body of the report
C. main text
D. methodology