Basic of Civil Engineering solved MCQs

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1. Stones are obtained from rocks that are made up of:

a. Ores

B. Minerals

c. Chemical compounds

d. Crystals

2. Which one of the following is not a classification of stones?

a. Physical Classification

B. Mineralogical Classification

c. Chemical Classification

d. Practical Classification

3. The hot molten material occurring naturally below the surface of the Earth is called:

a. Lava

B. Slag

c. Magma

d. Tuff

4. At what depth and rate is a hypabyssal rock formed?

a. Slow cooling of magma at considerable depth

B. Quick cooling of magma at a shallow depth

c. Rapid cooling of magma at Earth’s surface

d. Rapid cooling of magma at a shallow depth

5. What is a sedimentary deposit?

a. Weathered product remains at site

B. Weathered product carried away in solution

c. Weathered product gets carried away agents

d. Insoluble weathered product is carried away in suspension

6. Which of the following is not a metamorphic change?

a. Calcite to schist

B. Limestone to marble

c. Shale to slate

d. Granite to gneisses

7. Which of the following rocks are hard and durable?

a. Argillaceous rocks

B. Siliceous rocks

c. Calcareous rocks

d. Carbonaceous rocks

8. Foliated structure is very common in case of:

a. Sedimentary rocks

B. Plutonic rocks

c. Igneous rocks

d. Metamorphic rocks

9. Granite is a type of:

a. Plutonic rock

B. Metamorphic rock

c. Hypabyssal rock

d. Volcanic rock

10. Which of the following is a good fire-resistant stone?

a. Clay

B. Granite

c. Quartz

d. Limestone

11. What is sand composed of?

a. Silica

B. Silicon

c. Silicon oxide

d. Quartz

12. Which of the following sand type is excellent for use in mortar and concrete work?

a. Sea sand

B. Clayey sand

c. Pit sand

d. River sand

13. Which IS code gives the grading of sand?

a. IS 456

B. IS 383

c. IS 2368

d. IS 1542

14. What type of grains constitutes river sand?

a. Angular

B. Flaky

c. Irregular

d. Rounded

15. How many classifications are there for sand based on the grain size distribution?

a. 3

B. 2

c. 5

d. 4

16. Fine sand is generally used for which of the following works?

a. Masonry

B. Concrete structures

c. Plastering

d. Grinding and polishing

17. How is M-sand produced?

a. Crushing bricks

B. Quarrying

c. Reusing the debris of demolished building

d. Crushing granite stones

18. By which of the following ways is lime obtained?

a. Naturally

B. Quarrying

c. Burning limestone

d. Crushing limestone

19. Which of the following pairs is matched properly?

a. Class A – Concrete work

B. Class B – Mortar

c. Class C – Masonry work

d. Class D – White washing

20. Which of the following is a property of Fat Lime?

a. Shakes very slowly

B. Contains clay

c. High degree of plasticity

d. Poor binding property

21. Lime obtained from calcination of Pure Limestone is called:

a. Quick Lime

B. Pure Lime

c. Lean Lime

d. Rich Lime

22. Which of the following slakes after few minutes?

a. Moderately Hydraulic Lime

B. Eminently Hydraulic Lime

c. Perfectly Hydraulic Lime

d. Feebly Hydraulic Lime

23. Which of the following types of Lime does not exist?

a. Dolomitic Lime

B. Roman Lime

c. Semi-Hydraulic Lime

d. Selentic Lime

24. Why is natural cement used very limitedly?

a. Brown in Colour

B. Standard consistency is not met with

c. Sets too quickly

d. Particle size is too fine

25. Who invented Portland cement and in which year?

a. William Aspdin, 1824

B. William Aspdin, 1840s

c. Joseph Aspdin, 1840s

d. Joseph Aspdin, 1824

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