Basic of Civil Engineering Solved MCQs


Stones are obtained from rocks that are made up of:

A. Ores
B. Minerals
C. Chemical compounds
D. Crystals
Answer» B. Minerals

Which one of the following is not a classification of stones?

A. Physical Classification
B. Mineralogical Classification
C. Chemical Classification
D. Practical Classification
Answer» B. Mineralogical Classification

The hot molten material occurring naturally below the surface of the Earth is called:

A. Lava
B. Slag
C. Magma
D. Tuff
Answer» C. Magma

At what depth and rate is a hypabyssal rock formed?

A. Slow cooling of magma at considerable depth
B. Quick cooling of magma at a shallow depth
C. Rapid cooling of magma at Earth’s surface
D. Rapid cooling of magma at a shallow depth
Answer» B. Quick cooling of magma at a shallow depth

What is a sedimentary deposit?

A. Weathered product remains at site
B. Weathered product carried away in solution
C. Weathered product gets carried away agents
D. Insoluble weathered product is carried away in suspension
Answer» D. Insoluble weathered product is carried away in suspension

Which of the following is not a metamorphic change?

A. Calcite to schist
B. Limestone to marble
C. Shale to slate
D. Granite to gneisses
Answer» A. Calcite to schist

Which of the following rocks are hard and durable?

A. Argillaceous rocks
B. Siliceous rocks
C. Calcareous rocks
D. Carbonaceous rocks
Answer» B. Siliceous rocks

Foliated structure is very common in case of:

A. Sedimentary rocks
B. Plutonic rocks
C. Igneous rocks
D. Metamorphic rocks
Answer» D. Metamorphic rocks

Granite is a type of:

A. Plutonic rock
B. Metamorphic rock
C. Hypabyssal rock
D. Volcanic rock
Answer» A. Plutonic rock

Which of the following is a good fire-resistant stone?

A. Clay
B. Granite
C. Quartz
D. Limestone
Answer» A. Clay

What is sand composed of?

A. Silica
B. Silicon
C. Silicon oxide
D. Quartz
Answer» A. Silica

Which of the following sand type is excellent for use in mortar and concrete work?

A. Sea sand
B. Clayey sand
C. Pit sand
D. River sand
Answer» C. Pit sand

Which IS code gives the grading of sand?

A. IS 456
B. IS 383
C. IS 2368
D. IS 1542
Answer» B. IS 383

What type of grains constitutes river sand?

A. Angular
B. Flaky
C. Irregular
D. Rounded
Answer» D. Rounded

How many classifications are there for sand based on the grain size distribution?

A. 3
B. 2
C. 5
D. 4
Answer» A. 3

Fine sand is generally used for which of the following works?

A. Masonry
B. Concrete structures
C. Plastering
D. Grinding and polishing
Answer» C. Plastering

How is M-sand produced?

A. Crushing bricks
B. Quarrying
C. Reusing the debris of demolished building
D. Crushing granite stones
Answer» D. Crushing granite stones

By which of the following ways is lime obtained?

A. Naturally
B. Quarrying
C. Burning limestone
D. Crushing limestone
Answer» C. Burning limestone

Which of the following pairs is matched properly?

A. Class A – Concrete work
B. Class B – Mortar
C. Class C – Masonry work
D. Class D – White washing
Answer» B. Class B – Mortar

Which of the following is a property of Fat Lime?

A. Shakes very slowly
B. Contains clay
C. High degree of plasticity
D. Poor binding property
Answer» C. High degree of plasticity

Lime obtained from calcination of Pure Limestone is called:

A. Quick Lime
B. Pure Lime
C. Lean Lime
D. Rich Lime
Answer» A. Quick Lime

Which of the following slakes after few minutes?

A. Moderately Hydraulic Lime
B. Eminently Hydraulic Lime
C. Perfectly Hydraulic Lime
D. Feebly Hydraulic Lime
Answer» D. Feebly Hydraulic Lime

Which of the following types of Lime does not exist?

A. Dolomitic Lime
B. Roman Lime
C. Semi-Hydraulic Lime
D. Selentic Lime
Answer» B. Roman Lime

Why is natural cement used very limitedly?

A. Brown in Colour
B. Standard consistency is not met with
C. Sets too quickly
D. Particle size is too fine
Answer» C. Sets too quickly

Who invented Portland cement and in which year?

A. William Aspdin, 1824
B. William Aspdin, 1840s
C. Joseph Aspdin, 1840s
D. Joseph Aspdin, 1824
Answer» B. William Aspdin, 1840s
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