110+ Population Studies Solved MCQs

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1.

B. Bihar
C. Rajasthan
2.

A. 820
B. 840
C. 920
D. 940
3.

Which among the following rate is referred as probabilistic rate?

A. Migration rate
B. Crude death rate
C. Marriage rate
D. Crude birth rate
4.

Which among the following is not a non-probability sampling?

A. Accidental Sampling
B. Purposive Sampling
C. Quota Sampling
D. Simple Random Sampling
5.

A. Tripura
B. Mizoram
C. Meghalaya
D. Manipur
6.

A. Less than 2%
B. Less than 10%
C. Less than 15%
D. Less than 5%
7.

Which one among the following term refers to number of children an average woman can bear in her reproductive span?

A. Fertility
B. Fecundity
C. Real birth rate
D. Crude death rate
8.

. If sex ratio of birth is constant at 1.05, then the Gross Reproduction Rate (GRR) can be calculated using Total Fertility Rate (TFR) by the formula

A. GRR = (1.00 TFR) /1.05
B. GRR = 1.00 / (1.05 TFR)
C. GRR = (1.00 TFR) / 2.05
D. GRR = 1.00 / (2.05 TFR)
Answer» C. GRR = (1.00 TFR) / 2.05
9.

If country A has a higher life expectancy than country B, but A has higher crude death rate, it is likely that

A. A’s population is younger than that of B.
B. A’s population is older than that of B.
C. A’s population has a high infant mortality rate.
D. None of the above is probable.
Answer» A. A’s population is younger than that of B.
10.

Which among the following does not explain the law of urbanization?

A. Push and Pull factors
B. Dispersal and Segregation
C. Distance-Decay function
D. Laws of gravity
11.

Assertion (A): International Migration leads to rise in productivity in both the sending and receiving countries. Reason (R): Emigrants are receiving better wages. Codes:

A. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B. Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of(A).
C. (A) is true and (R) is false.
D. (A) is false and (R) is true.
Answer» A. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
12.

Which of the following countries has the highest out migration of the nursing professionals?

A. The Philippines
B. Pakistan
C. Bhutan
D. India
13.

Which of the following did not give a model of city structure?

A. Homer Hoyt
B. E.W. Burgess
C. Harris and Ullman
D. Michael &Todaro
14.

. Which of the following is known for his contribution towards theorising social composition of population?

A. Goldsteen and Sly
B. Shyrock and Siegal
C. Talcott Parsons
D. D.J. Bogue
15.

In which stage of industrialization given below the fourth stage (4) of Demographic Transition Theory would occur?

A. Advanced Industrialization and Urbanization stage
B. Pre-industrial stage
C. Early Industrial stage
D. Post-industrial stage
16.

Which of the following is not a measure of socio-economic status?

A. Physical Quality of Life Index
B. Human Development Index
C. Gender Empowerment Measure
D. Body Mass Index
17.

Which one of the following is not a spacing method of family planning?

A. Hormonal Method
B. Barrier Method
C. Vasectomy
D. Intrauterine Device (IUD)
18.

A. 1994
B. 1995
C. 1996
D. 1993
19.

Which variable among the following are not demographic characteristics of the population?

A. Age structure
B. Sex structure
C. Marital status
D. Literacy level
20.

A. 1950 – 51
B. 1954 – 55
C. 1956 – 57
D. 1958 – 59
21.

The number of live births per 1,000 people in a population in a year is known as _____.

A. Fecundity
B. Fertility
C. Crude birth rate
D. Basic demographic equation
22.

An enumeration or counting of a population is referred to as

A. vital statistics
B. Census
C. fertility rate
D. growth rate
23.

Records of births, deaths, marriages, and divorces, gathered through a registration system maintained by governmental units, are referred to as

A. census
B. demography
C. vital statistics
D. none of the above
24.

__________ is the change from high birthrates and death rates to relatively low birthrates and death rates.

A. demographic transition
B. Growth rate
C. demographic rate
D. morbidity
25.

The term ——————————— refers to relatively permanent movement of people from one place to another?

A. immigration
B. emigration
C. migration
D. demographic transition
26.

B. India
C. China
27.

The main cause for the high growth of our population is

A. decline of death rate
B. decrease in birth rate
C. rise in death rate
D. none of these
Answer» A. decline of death rate
28.

Which of the following is the most significant feature of Indian population?

A. improvement in the literacy level
B. the size of its adolescent population
C. improvement in health condition
D. declining in birth rate
Answer» D. declining in birth rate
29.

The number of people in different age group is referred as

B. age composition
C. sex ratio
D. occupational structure
30.

What is the average sex ratio of India as per 2001 census?

A. 900
B. 933
C. 923
D. none of the above
31.

B. West Bengal
C. Maharashtra
D. Bihar
32.

A. 24 percent
B. 26 percent
C. 28 percent
D. 30 percent
33.

According to 2011 Census of India the density of population is

A. 250 – 299 persons per sq. km.
B. 300 – 349 persons per sq. km.
C. 350 – 399 persons per sq. km.
D. 400 – 450 persons per sq. km.
Answer» C. 350 – 399 persons per sq. km.
34.

Child-Woman ratio is a measure of

A. Population growth
B. Migration
C. Mortality
D. Fertility
35.

A. Delhi
B. Goa
C. Kerala
D. Mizoram
36.

What is the shape of the graph of human population growth to the present resembles?

A. ‘U’ shaped curve
B. ‘J’ shaped curve
C. ‘S’ shaped curve
D. Horizontal curve
37.

As per the Census of India 2011 the sex ratio in Kerala ranges in which of the category?

A. 850 – 900 females per thousand males
B. 901 – 950 females per thousand males
C. 951 – 1000 females per thousand males
D. Above 1001 females per thousand males
Answer» D. Above 1001 females per thousand males
38.

For calculation of Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR). The denominator is

A. Total number of women in reproductive age in given time
B. Total number of pregnancies in given time.
C. Total number of live births in given time
D. Total population in given time
Answer» C. Total number of live births in given time
39.

For computation of Infant Mortality Rate, the denominator iswww.netugc.com

A. Total number of pregnancies in given time
B. Total number of live births and still births in given time.
C. Total number of live births in given time.
D. Total population of areas in given time.
Answer» C. Total number of live births in given time.
40.

C. Maharashtra
D. Orissa
41.

A. 1952
B. 2001
C. 2000
D. 1947
42.

The average number of persons per unit area, such as square kilometer, is termed as which of the following?

A. population distribution
B. population growth
C. absolute population
D. population density
43.

A. a. third
B. first
C. fourth
D. second
44.

A. West Bengal
B. Punjab
C. Kerala
D. Maharashtra
45.

A. Russia
B. united states
C. China
D. India
46.

The social indicator to measure the extent of equality between males and females in a society at a given time?

A. Death rate
B. literacy rate
C. age composition
D. Sex ratio
47.

A. 1751
B. 1921
C. 1931
D. 1911
48.

Which of the following is the major concern about the study of population in a country?

A. population size and distribution
B. characteristics of population
C. population growth and process of population change
D. all of the above
49.

A. 1 years
B. 10 years
C. 2 years
D. 5 years
50.

Sex ratio means……………

A. difference between birth rate and death rate
B. Number of females per thousand males
C. Number of females per hundred males
D. the study of population growth
Answer» B. Number of females per thousand males
51.

A. Seventeenth
B. Eighteenth
C. Nineteenth
D. Twentieth
52.

A. Bihar
53.

A. 1911
B. 1941
C. 1951
D. 2011
54.

A. 1901 – 11
B. 1911 – 21
C. 1991 – 2001
D. 1921 – 31
55.

According to the Census of India 2011, which among the following has shown lowest density of population

A. Sikkim
C. Mizoram
D. Andaman & Nicobar Island
56.

Information on which of the following topics is not provided by Indian Census?

A. Demographic characteristics
B. Economic characteristics
C. Health Status of the Population
D. Household characteristics
Answer» C. Health Status of the Population
57.

Which variable among the following is not social characteristic of the population?

A. Religious composition
B. Caste/Ethnic composition
C. Literacy and Education
D. Sex-composition
58.

Which factors is not included in preparation of human development Index?

B. Expectation of life at birth
C. Per capita income
D. Nutritional status of children
Answer» D. Nutritional status of children
59.

Post neonatal mortality is

A. Probability of dying in the first month of life
B. Probability of dying in the first year of life.
C. Probability of dying after first month and before the first birthday.
D. Probability of dying between first and the fifth birthday.
Answer» C. Probability of dying after first month and before the first birthday.
60.

Identify the negative consequences of urban growth

A. Increase in vehicular pollution
B. Increase in industrial emission
C. Increase in solid and liquid waste generation
D. All the above
61.

A. Malthus
B. Edwin Cannan
D. Amarthyasen
62.

Malthus‘s work is usually associated with the view that

A. Improved technology can overcome the problems of population growth.
B. Overpopulation will lead to social and political crisis.
C. Morality and religious approaches are the most effective counter forces to overpopulation, not government policy.
D. All of the above.
63.

Demographic Transition Theory

A. Was originally developed to explain population explosions in the Third World.
B. Explains population growth in industrializing societies in terms of a time lag between when people die and when their children or grand children are born.
C. Explains population growth in industrializing societies in terms of a time lag between falling death rates and falling birth rates.
D. All of the above
Answer» C. Explains population growth in industrializing societies in terms of a time lag between falling death rates and falling birth rates.
64.

The term “development”

A. Is useful because it is unambiguous – everyone understands what the word means.
B. Is highly contested and embodies the politics of the user.
C. Is change towards in a desired direction.
D. All of the above
Answer» C. Is change towards in a desired direction.
65.

The major concern of social demography is the:

A. Contemporary problem of the relation of population trends to social and economic development
B. Relationship between aggregate demographic nomena and regularities in other social and individual units of human behavior
C. Analysis of how general, social and cultural factors
D. Study of size, composition and distribution of population at the present time
Answer» D. Study of size, composition and distribution of population at the present time
66.

Dc-facto census method is related to:

A. Counting of the population on the basis of its permanent residential status
B. Counting of the population according to where it is for a fortnight preceding the census.
C. Counting of the populating according to where it is on the night the census
D. None of the above
Answer» B. Counting of the population according to where it is for a fortnight preceding the census.
67.

If both fertility and mortality decline, then:

A. Proportion of dependent children will increase
B. Proportion of active population will increase
C. Proportion of dependent aged will increase
D. Proportion of dependent aged will decrease
Answer» C. Proportion of dependent aged will increase
68.

Largest component of internal migration in India is:

A. Rural urban migration
B. Urban rural migration
C. Marriage migration
D. Rural migration
69.

Who has said that ‘Democracy is concerned with the behavior or the aggregate and not with the behavior of individual?’

A. Donald J Bogue
B. Peter R Cox
C. H Strenford
D. W G Barclay
70.

Who postulated that fertility increases in response to the progress of society?

A. Herbert Spencer
C. E M Hoover
D. C P Blacker
71.

Identify the consequences of urbanisation

A. Physical expansion of the city
B. Increase in housing stock
C. Up scaling of basic infrastructure
D. All the above
72.

Which one amongst the following is not a indicator of social development?

A. Primary school enrolment rate
B. Literacy rate
C. Child malnutrition
D. Net Reproduction Rate
73.

Which of the following is not a component of physical quality of Life Index?

A. Infant mortality
B. Literacy
C. Longevity
D. Fertility
74.

A. 2010
B. 2020
C. 2030
D. 2045
75.

Some salient features of a census are 1. Selectivity 2. Simultaneity 3. Universality 4. Periodicity Find out the correct combination of answer according to the code: Codes:

A. 1, 2 and 3 are correct.
B. 2, 3 and 4 are correct.
C. 1, 3 and 4 are correct.
D. 1, 2 and 4 are correct.
Answer» B. 2, 3 and 4 are correct.
76.

With regard to Indian Census, which one is correctly matched?

A. Census of India Act: 1948
B. Start of dejure method of Census taking: 1931
C. Reference date of 1971 Census: Feb.9, 1971
D. Start of Census taking: 1881
Answer» A. Census of India Act: 1948
77.

A. NSS
B. NFHS
C. SRS
D. Census
78.

A. 70 percent
B. 80 percent
C. 65 percent
D. 50 percent
79.

Which of the following is not related to the study of fertility?

A. Fecundity
B. Birth Spacing
C. Reproductive health
D. Child immunization
80.

A. 35
B. 21
C. 29
D. 26
81.

Human population can:

A. exist apart from cultural interaction
B. exist a part from social interaction
C. exist a part from social-cultural interaction
D. not exist apart from social-cultural interaction
Answer» D. not exist apart from social-cultural interaction
82.

When over a period of time, the death rate in society reduces due to overall developments of life style and at the same time the birth rate does not fall down; population increases very fast as a result of it. This leads to over-population. This theory is known as:

A. demographic theory
B. population explosion theory
C. theory of demographic transition
D. demographic explosion theory
83.

Low birth rate and pregnancy wastage in the population are primarily due to:

B. maternal malnutrition
C. female illiteracy
D. insufficient health care
84.

A. A Bose
B. L Wirth
C. L Dumont
D. R K Mukherjee
85.

The term ‘political socialization’ was used by:

A. Herbert Hayman
B. Herbert Spencer
C. Almond Powell
D. Easton and Dannis
86.

The scientific study of population is known as ———————

A. Population studies
B. Demography
C. Population science
D. Gerentology
87.

Which is the pull factor of Migration?

A. Religious conversion
B. Natural calamities
C. Political disorder
D. Employment opportunities
88.

is the median number of years a person can be expected to live under certain mortality conditions

A. Life expectancy
B. Mortality rate
C. Growth rate
D. Fertility rate
89.

A special type of bar chart that distributes the population by gender and age, and is generally used to illustrate the population structure of a society, is called a/an

A. Analysis of variance
B. Population pyramid
C. Chi-square
D. Multiple regression
90.

Is the state of a population where the number of births plus immigrants equals the number of deaths plus emigrants?

A. Demographic echo
B. Zero population growth
C. Rebound
D. Demographic transition
91.

A. 1963
B. 1973
C. 1983
D. 1993
92.

A. 1952
B. 1961
C. 1971
D. 2002
93.

A. HIV/AIDS
B. Kala Azar
C. Pneumonia
D. Typhoid
94.

Which of the following services are not provided by the Anganwadi Centres?

A. Immunisation and health check-ups
B. Treatment of minor illnesses and referral
C. Growth monitoring and supplementary feeding
D. Water and sanitation
95.

A. 20,000
B. 50,000
C. 1,00,000
D. 10,000
96.

Nodal agency for Annual Health Survey (AHS) in India is

A. International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
B. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India
C. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
D. Indian Council of Medical Research
Answer» B. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India
97.

A. 1962-63
B. 1963-64
C. 1964-65
D. 1965-66
98.

A. 1981
B. 1991
C. 2001
D. 2011
99.

Which of the following country conducts Census at 5 years interval?

A. United Kingdom
C. India
D. Pakistan
100.

A. Longevity
B. Education
C. Income
D. Housing