Physical Geography solved MCQs

1 of 21

1. Who coined the word 'Geography'?

a. Ptolemy

B. Eratosthenese

c. Hacataus

d. Herodatus

2. The art and science of map making is called –

a. Remote Sensing

B. Cartography

c. Photogrammetry

d. Mapping

3. The deepest trench of the Indian Ocean is –

a. Java trench

B. Aleutian trench

c. Atacama trench

d. Diamantina Trench

4. The layer where the decrease in temperature with increasing altitude is totally absent is –

a. Troposphere

B. Ionosphere

c. Stratosphere

d. Mesosphere

5. An ecological system is a –

a. Biological system

B. Biogeochemical system

c. Physicochemical system

d. Bioecological system

6. After which one of the following tribes of India, has a large continent of ancient geological history of the world been named?

a. Santhals

B. Bhils

c. Marias

d. Gonds

7. The colour of loamy soil is –

a. Greenish brown

B. Bluish green

c. Yellowish brown

d. Blackish brown

8. What is the interval between a high tide and neaptide at a given place?

a. 12 hours

B. 12 hours 26 minutes

c. 15 hours 30 minutes

d. 24 hours

9. Seismic sea waves which approach the coasts at greater force arc known as –

a. Tides

B. Tsunami

c. Current

d. Cyclone

10. Which of the following is a cold ocean current?

a. Humboldt current

B. Brazil current

c. Oyashio current

d. Canary current

11. In sea, plants are restricted up to the depth of –

a. 20 m

B. 200 m

c. 1000 m

d. 2000 m

12. El Nino occurs over –

a. Atlantic Ocean

B. Indian Ocean

c. Pacific Ocean

d. Mediterranean Sea

13. Convectional Rainfall occurs in:

a. Equatorial region

B. Temperate region

c. Tropical region

d. Polar region

14. Land and sea-breezes occur due to :

a. Conduction

B. Convection

c. Radiation

d. Tides

15. Depression formed due to deflating action of winds are called –

a. Playas

B. Yardang

c. Ventifacts

d. Sand dunes

16. Which one of the following is the highest cloud?

a. Cirrus

B. Stratocumulus

c. Nimbostratus

d. Cumulus

17. Wind rose represents –

a. wind turbulence

B. wind data

c. wind pressure

d. wind temperature

18. The layer of the atmosphere in which Radio Waves are reflected back is called-

a. Ionosphere

B. Troposphere

c. Stratosphere

d. Exosphere

19. Which one of the following is the greatest circle?

a. Arctic Circle

B. Equator

c. Tropic of Cancer

d. Tropic of Capricorn

20. Hanging Valley is formed due to the action of –

a. Glacier

B. River

c. Ocean

d. Wind

21. Mica is found in which one of the following pairs of rocks?

a. Slate- Sandstone

B. Schist-Gneiss

c. Limestone-Sandstone

d. Shale- Limestone

22. The Mohorovicic (Moho) Discontinuity separates –

a. Outer core and Mantle

B. Inner and Outer core

c. Sima and Nife

d. Crust and Mantle

23. The latitude of a place is expressed by its angular distance in relation to—

a. Equator

B. South Pole

c. Axis of the Earth

d. North Pole

24. Hanging Valley is very common in –

a. high mountains

B. sub-Arctic region

c. glaciated areas

d. coastal belt

25. Which of the following is a typical feature of river erosion in youthful stage?

a. Ox-bow lake

B. Gorge

c. Valley in valley

d. Cut-bank

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