Chapter: Basics of Sociology

The term society is derived from which word

A. greek
B. latin
C. french
Answer» B. latin

Man is a social animal

A. aristotle
B. plato
C. comte
Answer» A. aristotle

‘Sociology is the science of social institutions’

A. durkheim
B. weber
C. comte
Answer» A. durkheim

Sociology is a general science not a pure science- said by

A. synthetic school
B. specialistic school
C. frankfurt school
Answer» A. synthetic school

Sociology is a pure and independent science- said by

A. synthetic school
B. specialistic school
C. frankfurt school
Answer» B. specialistic school

‘Society is a web of social relationships’- said by

A. maciver
B. comte
C. spencer
Answer» A. maciver

_________ refers to the organised way of doing things.

A. institution
B. association
C. community
Answer» A. institution

_________ consists of two or more individuals among whom we find an established pattern of interaction.

A. social system
B. social structure
C. social relationship
Answer» A. social system

Positive philosophy is the famous work of___________.

A. comte
B. weber
C. durkheim
Answer» A. comte

__________ is the system of social interaction

A. social system
B. social processes
C. social group
Answer» C. social group

__________ introduced small groups and large groups

A. p.a sorokin
B. f.q giddings
C. george simmel
Answer» C. george simmel

___________ has divided groups into horizontal and vertical

A. p.a sorokin
C. h cooley c) ferdinand tonnies
Answer» A. p.a sorokin

The author of folkways

A. w.g sumner
B. bogardus
C. george simmel
Answer» A. w.g sumner

___________ has introduced the term primary groups.

A. kingsley davis
B. g.h mead
C. c.h cooley
Answer» C. c.h cooley

A social group characterised by face-to-face relationship

A. primary group
B. secondary group
C. in-group
Answer» A. primary group

Groups which provide experience lacking in intimacy

A. secondary groups
B. primary groups
C. organised groups
Answer» A. secondary groups

Groups which serve as points of comparison

A. in-group
B. reference group
C. ideal group
Answer» B. reference group

A social unit of which individuals are not a part or with which they do not identify.

A. secondary groups
B. out groups
C. unorganised groups
Answer» B. out groups

The -------------- perspective was the earliest theoretical perspective in Sociology

A. evolutionary
B. functionalist
C. structuralist
Answer» A. evolutionary

--------------- theories assume that societies are in constant state of change, in which conflict is a permanent feature.

A. functionalist
B. conflict
C. interactionalist
Answer» B. conflict

----------------- refers to the enduring orderly and patterned relationships between the elements of a society.

A. social system
B. social interaction
C. social structure
Answer» C. social structure

The systematic ordering of social relations by facts of choice and decision

A. social structure
B. social system
C. social organization
Answer» C. social organization

Law of three stages is the one of the major theories of -----------------.

A. comte
B. spencer
C. durkheim
Answer» A. comte

------------------- has divided sociology into social statics and social dynamics.

A. comte
B. spencer
C. weber
Answer» A. comte

------------ are merely the characteristic ways in which interaction occurs.

A. social processes
B. social interaction
C. social relationships
Answer» A. social processes

------------------- is a process whereby men interpenetrate the minds of each other

A. social interaction
B. social network
C. social process
Answer» A. social interaction

--------------- refer to any recurring pattern of social behaviour

A. social function
B. social structure
C. social system
Answer» B. social structure

------------ refer to the interdependence of parts in groups

A. social organizational
B. social groups
C. social system
Answer» A. social organizational

------------------- is a unique possession of man

A. custom
B. culture
C. folkways
Answer» B. culture

--------------- implies statuses and division of labour

A. social organization
B. informal organization
C. formal organization
Answer» C. formal organization

------------------------was considered the Father of Sociology

A. herbert spencer
B. max weber
C. auguste comte
Answer» C. auguste comte

Comte introduced the word “Sociology” for the first time in his famous work----------

A. positive philosophy
B. positive polity
C. system of positive politics
Answer» A. positive philosophy

-------------has classified communities into Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft

A. ferdinand tonnies
B. max weber
C. karl max
Answer» A. ferdinand tonnies

The study of every day behaviour in situations of face-to –face interaction is usually called ----------Sociology

A. macro
B. micro
C. general
Answer» B. micro

----------------------is the analysis of large social systems

A. micro sociology
B. macro sociology
C. general sociology
Answer» B. macro sociology

It was-------------- who for the first time made a sociological analysis of formal organisation

A. emile durkheim
B. karl marx
C. max weber
Answer» C. max weber

The main advocate of the theory ‘Social Darwinism’

A. herbert spencer
B. charles darwin
C. emile durkheim
Answer» A. herbert spencer

Sociology emerged as an independent and separate discipline around the middle of the -------------------

A. 17th century
B. 18th century
C. 19th century
Answer» C. 19th century

-------------------refers to the reciprocal contact between two or more persons.

A. social system
B. society
C. social process
Answer» B. society
Chapter: socialization

The process of moulding and shaping the personality of the human infant is called ______

A. Individualisation
B. Socialisation
C. Shaping
D. Humanisation
Answer» B. Socialisation

Who says man is a social animal?

A. Aristotle
B. Max Weber
C. Mead
D. Karl Max
Answer» A. Aristotle

The development self is closely associated with ______________

A. Internalisation of Norms
B. Analysis of the culture
C. Categorisation of values
D. rejection of bad habits
Answer» A. Internalisation of Norms

________refers to the process in which the norms become a part of the personality

A. Culture
B. Aculturation
C. Universalisation
D. Internalisation of norms
Answer» D. Internalisation of norms

Who defined socialization is the process of working together, of developing group responsibility, or being guided by the welfare needs of others?

A. Ogburn
B. Lundberg
C. Johnoson
D. Bogardus
Answer» D. Bogardus

Who put forward the proposition that society is mental?

A. CH Cooley
B. GH Mead
C. Max Weber
D. Spencer
Answer» A. CH Cooley

Ian Robeston wrote the book titled “sociology” in the year

A. 1977
B. 1987
C. 1897
D. 1967
Answer» A. 1977

The most essential and basic type of socialization is______________

A. Primary socialization
B. Secondary socialization
C. Adult socialization
D. Re socialization
Answer» A. Primary socialization

In which state the primary socialization is take place

A. Adult stage
B. Pre natal stage
C. Childhood stage
D. Adolescent stage
Answer» C. Childhood stage

Internalization of norms is the most important aspect of ---------socialisation

A. Primary socialisation
B. Developmental socialisation
C. Re socialization
D. Adult socialization
Answer» A. Primary socialisation

The term anticipatory socialization is developed by --------------

A. Merton
B. Roberston
C. Sheriff
D. Hayman
Answer» A. Merton

-----------refers to the process where men learn the culture of groups to which they do not belong

A. Re socialization
B. Developmental socialization
C. Primary socialization
D. Anticipatory socialization
Answer» D. Anticipatory socialization

“A person who intends to join the army may start doing physical exercise to toughen his body and learning the manners of army personnel to become one with them later” is an example of which type of socialization.

A. Primary socialization
B. Developmental socialization
C. Re Socialization
D. Anticipatory socialisation
Answer» B. Developmental socialization

Who defines socialization is the process by which the individual learns to conform to the norms of the groups

A. Westermarck
B. Obgurn
C. Malinowski
D. Lowie
Answer» B. Obgurn

------------is a kind of learning based on the achievement of primary socialization

A. Developmental socialization
B. Development of personality
C. Re socialization
D. Adult socialization
Answer» A. Developmental socialization

In which stages of life the developmental socialization takes place

A. Childhood
B. Adult hood
C. Adolescence
D. Oldage
Answer» B. Adult hood

-------------is the process where is the stripping away of learned patterns and substitution of new ones for them

A. Primary socialization
B. Developmental socialization
C. Re socialization
D. Anticipatory socialisation
Answer» C. Re socialization

A newly wedded house wife may be forced to become a prostitute in a brothel is an example of ------------ socialization

A. Secondary socialization
B. Primary socialization
C. Anticipatory socialization
D. Re socialization
Answer» D. Re socialization

Who is remarked as “for the new born child there is no objective reality, no space, no time and no casualty?

A. Johnson
B. Freud
C. Allport
D. Mead
Answer» A. Johnson

According to ------------ the child goes through some six stages before he is able to understand that there are external objects with an existence of their own

A. Bruner
B. Piaget
C. Vygoski
D. Norm Chomsky
Answer» B. Piaget

-----------------refers to the objects that the child construct in his own mind

A. Constructed images
B. Developed concepts
C. Internalised objects
D. Comprehended symbols
Answer» C. Internalised objects

The cognitive aspect of socialization refers to the development of ----------abilities

A. Psychomotor
B. Affective
C. Conative
D. Cognitive
Answer» A. Psychomotor

Who opines that the individual as actively trying to make sense of the world rather than being passively conditioned by it?

A. Durkheim
B. Johnson
C. Piaget
D. Lundburg
Answer» C. Piaget

-------------------Defined socialization as the process of transmission of culture the process whereby men learn the rules and practices of social groups

A. Bogardus
B. Ogburn
C. Worsely
D. Johnson
Answer» C. Worsely

The heart of the process of socialization is the emergence and gradual development of ---------- -----

A. Idea
B. Self
C. Belief
D. Values
Answer» B. Self

Who stated the self might be regarded as the internalized object representing one’s own personality

A. Freud
B. Mead
C. Cooley
D. Bogardus
Answer» B. Mead

From the sociological point of view the two main internal objects are

A. Society &culture
B. Self and social roles
C. Believes and attitudes
D. Roles and status
Answer» B. Self and social roles

------------implies a person’s conception of himself as a totality

A. A social roles
B. Behaviour
C. Attitudes
D. Self
Answer» D. Self

Who among states that self arises only in interaction with the social and non social environment

A. Murphy
B. MacIver
C. Maxweber
D. Mead
Answer» D. Mead

------------develops out of child’s communicative contact with others

A. Learning
B. Attitude
C. Self
D. Concept
Answer» C. Self

Who developed the theory “Looking –Glass Self”

A. Mead
B. Cooley
C. W I Thomas
D. Freud
Answer» B. Cooley

Who has placed before us the proposition “society is mental”

A. Freud
B. Mead
C. Cooley
D. Thomas
Answer» C. Cooley

The auther of the book “Human Nature and Social Order” is………

A. Borgardus
B. MacIver
C. Cooley
D. Westermack
Answer» C. Cooley

Which theory states that the individual develops the idea of self through the contact with the primary group particularly with the members of the family?

A. Collective representation
B. Definition of the situation
C. Theory of self
D. Looking Glass Self
Answer» D. Looking Glass Self

Who says “I am not what I think I am, I am not what you think I am, I am What I think you think I am”

A. C.H Cooley
B. W.I Thomas
C. Freud
D. G.H Mead
Answer» A. C.H Cooley

Who opines that individual comes to know about himself by what is known as role playing

A. GH Mead
B. Ginsberg
C. Gidding
D. Lapiere
Answer» A. GH Mead

“ In seeing himself as others see him, the individual is actually putting himself in the place of others, and imaging what their response might be” is called as ------------------

A. Acquisition of behaviour
B. Role playing
C. Internalisation of roles
D. Game analysis
Answer» B. Role playing

The members who satisfy the immediate needs of newborn infants are called

A. Generalised others
B. Significant others
C. Strangers
D. All the above
Answer» B. Significant others

G H Mead says ----------is the product of social interaction

A. Culture
B. Values
C. Self
D. All the above
Answer» C. Self

Who is the founder of “Psychoanalysis?”

A. Jean Piaget
B. Cooley
C. Durkheim
D. Sigmund Freud
Answer» D. Sigmund Freud

---------------refers to the animal impulses of man

A. Ego
B. Super ego
C. Id
D. Personality
Answer» C. Id

Super ego based on the ------------ principle

A. Pleasure principle
B. Reality principle
C. Moral principle
D. Cultural principles
Answer» C. Moral principle

Who developed the “theory of definition of the situations?”

A. Herbert Spencer
B. Max weber
C. Comte
D. W I Thomas
Answer» D. W I Thomas

The theory of collective representations is developed by -------------

A. Karl Marx
B. Durkheim
C. Anna Freud
D. Cattel
Answer» B. Durkheim

-------------- refers to the ideas and ideals of a growth up on which the individual unconsciously depends for his ideas, attitudes and behaviour

A. Shared behaviour
B. Collective representation
C. Group Morale
D. Group responsibility
Answer» B. Collective representation

The agents of socialization are

A. Family
B. Parents
C. Pear group
D. All the above
Answer» D. All the above

Who says that socialization consists of the “complex process of interaction though which the individual learns the habits, believes, skills and standards of judgment that are necessary for his effective participation in social groups and communities?”

A. Kingsley Davis
B. HE Barnes
C. Lundberg
D. CA Ellwood
Answer» C. Lundberg

The process where the adult members learns the rules and values of society is called

A. Adult socialization
B. Child socialization
C. Personality
D. None of the above
Answer» A. Adult socialization
Chapter: Culture,Personality and Society

Culture has two essential qualities. They are

A. transmitted and shared
B. learned and shared
C. learned and forgotten
D. Shared and communicated.
Answer» A. transmitted and shared

The process by which an individual learns the culture of their society is known as

A. Socialisation
B. Internalisation
C. Sanskritisation
D. Modernization
Answer» A. Socialisation

The study of a society becomes incomplete without a proper understanding of

A. The culture of that society
B. Rules and Regulations of that society
C. Arts and literature of that society
D. Education and government system of that society
Answer» A. The culture of that society

Only man is born and bought up in a

A. Natural environment
B. Cultural environment
C. Artificial environment
D. Original environment
Answer» B. Cultural environment

Who defined culture is the “realm of styles, of values, of emotional attachment, of intellectual adventures”

A. Morgan
B. Edward Tylor
C. Maclver and Page
D. Sir James Frazer
Answer» C. Maclver and Page

Peer group is a group whose numbers share

A. Similar values
B. Similar play ground
C. Similar circumstances
D. Similar study circle and books
Answer» C. Similar circumstances

Peer groups are often of a

A. Similar culture
B. Similar race and colour
C. Similar height
D. Similar age
Answer» D. Similar age

Every culture contains a large number of guideline which direct conduct in a particular situation. Such guidelines are known as

A. Culture
B. Folkways
C. Mores
D. Norms
Answer» D. Norms

A norm is a

A. Specific guide to action
B. Culture of society
C. Guideline for socialization
D. Guide for social interaction
Answer» A. Specific guide to action

Norms are enforced by

A. Positive sanction
B. Negative sanction
C. Order
D. Positive and negative sanction
Answer» D. Positive and negative sanction

Norms are imposed through _________ means of social control

A. Formal and legal
B. Formal and informal
C. Cultural
D. Informal and illegal
Answer» A. Formal and legal

A value is a belief that something is

A. Moral
B. Very productive in society
C. Good and desirable
D. Cultural
Answer» C. Good and desirable

All numbers of society occupy a number of social positions known as

A. Role
B. Prestige
C. Esteem
D. Status
Answer» D. Status
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