190+ Introduction to Political Science and Governmental Structures and Processes Solved MCQs


Who is the father of Political Science?

A. marx
B. plato
C. austin
D. aristotle
Answer» D. aristotle

Who called Political science as the Master Science?

A. cicero
B. hobbes
C. aristotle
D. socrates
Answer» C. aristotle

The term city-state is generally associated with

A. china
B. egypt
C. greek
D. indian
Answer» C. greek

Who said man is a social animal

A. plato
B. hobbes
C. rousseau
D. aristotle
Answer» D. aristotle

Who said that ‘a man who lives outside the polis is either a beast or a God’

A. plato
B. aristotle
C. marx
D. hobbes
Answer» B. aristotle

Political-Parties are indispensable for the successful working of

A. democracy
B. monarchy
C. theocracy
D. dictatorship
Answer» A. democracy

Who wrote the book ‘Republic’?

A. bodin
B. locke
C. plato
D. cicero
Answer» C. plato

The modern democracy is known as

A. peoples democracy
B. limited democracy
C. representative democracy
D. direct democracy
Answer» C. representative democracy

The right to vote is a

A. civil right
B. moral right
C. natural right
D. political right
Answer» D. political right

Who asserted that the state would ultimately wither away

A. plato
B. kant
C. laski
D. marx
Answer» D. marx

A socialist state lays emphasis on

A. political liberty
B. economic equality
C. right to private property
D. independence of judiciary
Answer» B. economic equality

Who defined democracy as “Government of the people, by the people, for the people”?

A. woodrow
B. abraham lincoln
C. laski
D. gandhi
Answer» B. abraham lincoln

The head of the state under parliamentary form of government enjoys

A. absolute powers
B. limited powers
C. nominal powers
D. no powers
Answer» C. nominal powers

The framers of the constitution borrowed the idea of fundamental rights from the constitution of

A. usa
B. ussr
C. britain
D. france
Answer» A. usa

A Bicameral legislature consist of

A. one chamber
B. two chambers
C. three chambers
D. four chambers
Answer» B. two chambers

The presidential government operates on the principle of

A. separation of powers
B. division of powers
C. fusion of powers
D. centralization of powers
Answer» A. separation of powers

In which of the following forms of government the second chamber is an indispensable part of the legislature?

A. unitary government
B. federal government
C. parliamentary government
D. presidential government
Answer» B. federal government

Division of powers between the centre and the states is an essential feature of

A. federal government
B. unitary government
C. presidential government
D. parliamentary government
Answer» A. federal government

Which one of the following governments operates on the principle of collective responsibility?

A. parliamentary
B. presidential
C. unitary
D. federal
Answer» A. parliamentary

Which of the following is also known as Laissez faire theory?

A. idealism
B. totalitarianism
C. socialism
D. individualism
Answer» D. individualism

Which kind of right is the right to form Associations

A. civil right
B. legal right
C. political right
D. natural right
Answer» C. political right

One party system is found in

A. india
B. britain
C. switzerland
D. china
Answer» D. china

Popular Sovereignty means that sovereignty lies with

A. constitution
B. parliament
C. cabinet
D. people
Answer» D. people

The theory of Surplus Value is associated with

A. adam smith
B. karl marx
C. amarthya sen
D. stalin
Answer» B. karl marx

The Bible of Communism

A. communist manifesto
B. state and revolution
C. spirit of laws
D. the republic
Answer» A. communist manifesto

If there is no division of powers that government is known as

A. parliamentary
B. federal
C. unitary
D. democratic
Answer» C. unitary

The words ‘we the people of India’ in the preamble shows

A. legal sovereignty
B. popular sovereignty
C. de jure sovereignty
D. none of the above
Answer» B. popular sovereignty

Which organ of the government makes interpretation of laws

A. the legislature
B. executive
C. civil service
D. judiciary
Answer» D. judiciary

Indirect democracy is otherwise known as

A. socialist democracy
B. representative democracy
C. elite democracy
D. democratic republic
Answer» B. representative democracy

Which party system is prevailing in China

A. one party system
B. one party dominant system
C. bi party system
D. multi party system
Answer» A. one party system

’War is to man what maternity is to women’ is the slogan of

A. marxism
B. liberalism
C. fascism
D. gandhism
Answer» C. fascism

Aggressive nationalism is the philosophy of

A. idealism
B. marxism
C. fascism
D. individualism
Answer» C. fascism

A form of government in which everyone has a share is

A. aristocracy
B. monarchy
C. oligarchy
D. democracy
Answer» D. democracy

Which part of the constitution aims at the establishment of a welfare state in India.

A. part iii
B. part iv
C. part v
D. part vi
Answer» B. part iv

Scientific socialism was expounded by

A. rousseau
B. karl marx
C. j.s mill
D. plato
Answer» C. j.s mill

The term ‘state’ in its modern sense was first used by ---------

A. aristotle
B. plato
C. machiavelli
D. bodin
Answer» C. machiavelli

“State is a necessary evil” is associated with:

A. fabians
B. sophists
C. anarchists
D. individualists.
Answer» D. individualists.

Who stated, membership of the state should be voluntary and optional.

A. j.s. mill
B. h.j. laski
C. spencer
D. austin
Answer» C. spencer

Who said ‘state is an expansion of family’

A. aristotle
B. laski
C. austin
D. plato
Answer» A. aristotle

“The state is an executive committee of the exploiting class” stated by;

A. individualists
B. anarchists
C. marxists
D. fascists
Answer» C. marxists

The idealists who declared the state as “ march of God on Earth” is;

A. kant
B. hegel
C. green
D. rousseau
Answer» B. hegel

Who said state is “ people organized for law within a definite territory”

A. wilson
B. marx
C. garner
D. lock
Answer» A. wilson

Which of the following is not an element of state.

A. government
B. population
C. territory
D. religion
Answer» D. religion

Who says ,” Good citizens made a good state and a bad citizen made a bad state”.

A. hobbes
B. lock
C. marx
D. aristotle.
Answer» D. aristotle.

Which is the most populated state in the world?

A. usa
B. india
C. japan
D. china.
Answer» D. china.

No state can exist without a fixed and definite………..

A. government
B. territory
C. population
D. liberty
Answer» B. territory

The exponent of Scientific Socialism.

A. lock
B. rousseau
C. karl marx
D. laski
Answer» C. karl marx

Who said, “ Kinship creates society and society at length creates the state”

A. maclver
B. gettel
C. j.s. mill
D. hobbes
Answer» A. maclver

Modern state is described as :

A. police state
B. welfare state
C. laissez faire state
D. power state
Answer» B. welfare state

Who said ‘state is prior to individual’

A. kant
B. green
C. aristotle
D. marx
Answer» C. aristotle

The state is an association of associations is advocated by

A. bodin
B. laski
C. austin
D. barker
Answer» B. laski

To whom , state is ‘ a unifying agency’ ?

A. figgis
B. c*cks
C. miss follett
D. barker
Answer» C. miss follett

Who described the state as ‘the society of societies’

A. laski
B. mac lver
C. figgis
D. cole
Answer» C. figgis

The term sovereignty has been drawn from the Latin word

A. soviet
B. supreme
C. supranus
D. sovereign
Answer» C. supranus

Who said that sovereignty was the fullness of state .

A. greeks
B. english
C. romans
D. indians
Answer» C. romans

The first exponent of legal sovereignty .

A. rousseau
B. green
C. hobbes
D. lock
Answer» C. hobbes

“ sovereignty was absolute , no state exists” who said this ?

A. bodin
B. austin
C. lock
D. hobbes
Answer» B. austin

Who described law as a command of the sovereign.

A. locke
B. hobbes
C. laski
D. austin
Answer» D. austin

In India the legal sovereignty lies in the ……….

A. supreme court
B. parliament
C. president
D. states
Answer» B. parliament

Rousseau was the advocate of …….

A. individual sovereignty
B. popular sovereignty
C. political sovereignty
D. legal sovereignty
Answer» B. popular sovereignty

Who said that “ man is born free , and everywhere he is in chains”

A. rousseau
B. marx
C. aristotle
D. austin
Answer» A. rousseau

Basic feature of pluralist concept of sovereignty?

A. concentration of power
B. exclusiveness
C. divisibility
D. absoluteness.
Answer» C. divisibility

Who said “sovereignty is the supreme will of the state”

A. austin
B. bodin
C. willoughby
D. locke
Answer» C. willoughby

Which one of the following is not a characteristic of sovereignty.

A. permanence
B. inclusiveness.
C. absoluteness
D. indivisibility
Answer» D. indivisibility

Who gave the concept of external sovereignty ?

A. grotius
B. locke
C. austin
D. laski
Answer» A. grotius

The term ‘political sovereignty’ is associated with:

A. lock.
B. rousseau
C. lowell
D. laski
Answer» A. lock.

The term ‘popular sovereignty’ means sovereignty lies with:

A. people
B. constitution
C. society
D. state
Answer» A. people

Austin was the chief exponent of ……………….sovereignty.

A. pluralistic
B. monistic
C. political
D. popular
Answer» B. monistic

Which of the following states is not a republic

A. india
B. america
C. france
D. britain
Answer» D. britain

Sovereignty of the state means

A. coercive power of the state
B. executive power of the state
C. judicial power of the state
D. supreme power of the state
Answer» D. supreme power of the state

The exponent of legal theory of Rights.

A. green
B. locke
C. austin
D. rousseau
Answer» C. austin

Who said, "Rights are those conditions of social life without which no man seek to be himself at his best"?

A. wilde
B. plato
C. locke
D. laski
Answer» D. laski

Who says ,"a right is a claim recognized by society and enforced by the state"?

A. aristotle
B. cicero
C. bosanquet
D. mill
Answer» C. bosanquet

Who said, "A right is a power claimed and recognized as contributory to common good"?

A. laski
B. t.h.green
C. aristotle
D. lord bryce
Answer» B. t.h.green

In pre-political state of human existence, there existed:

A. civil rights
B. political rights
C. natural rights
D. legal rights
Answer» C. natural rights

Who said that 'One's natural rights are one's natural power' ?

A. locke
B. rousseau
C. hobbes
D. laski
Answer» C. hobbes

Who wrotes the book "the Rights of Man"?

A. edmund burke
B. thomas paine
C. locke
D. green
Answer» B. thomas paine

Rights have no validity without the recognition of:

A. government
B. state
C. society
D. electorate
Answer» B. state

According to the historical theory of rights, rights are the result of:

A. evolution
B. human efforts
C. nation efforts
D. legislation
Answer» A. evolution

Who regarded, 'life, liberty and property as inalienable rights of Men’?

A. locke
B. aristotle
C. rousseau
D. hobbes
Answer» A. locke

The legal theory of rights points out that rights are created by:

A. state
B. society
C. community
D. nature
Answer» A. state

The theory of social welfare was expounded by:

A. utilitarians
B. socialist
C. marxists
D. fabians
Answer» A. utilitarians

Who says, "Rights have no meaning without social unity"?

A. bentham
B. laski
C. j. s. mill
D. dean pound
Answer» B. laski

Who are the chief exponents of social welfare theory?

A. green
B. hegel
C. bentham and mill
D. locke
Answer» C. bentham and mill

Rousseau supports the idealist theory of Rights on the basis of:

A. morality
B. natural law
C. general will
D. social consciousness
Answer» C. general will

According to Green, the basis of rights is:

A. legal sanction
B. legal recognition
C. common moral consciousness
D. gift of the state
Answer» C. common moral consciousness

Who put forward the economic theory of rights:

A. locke
B. ricardo
C. karl marx
D. hitler
Answer» C. karl marx

According to Marxists, rights are:

A. privileges of all people
B. privileges of all classes
C. privileges of a particular class safe guarded by law
D. privileges for economically weaker sections
Answer» C. privileges of a particular class safe guarded by law

Right to property is a :

A. political right
B. civil
C. natural
D. moral
Answer» B. civil

The term liberty has been drawn from the Latin word ………

A. libel
B. lebour
C. liber
D. labal
Answer» C. liber

Who of the following was an advocate of positive liberty

A. lock
B. t.h. green
C. bentham
D. j.s. mill
Answer» B. t.h. green

The concept of natural liberty is associated with

A. hegal
B. locke
C. rousseau
D. hobbes
Answer» C. rousseau

Which theory deals with natural liberty.

A. divine origin theory
B. force theory
C. social contract theory
D. evolutionary theory
Answer» C. social contract theory

Who was the author of the book ‘ On Liberty’ ?

A. green
B. laski
C. j.s. mill
D. marx
Answer» C. j.s. mill

Civil liberty is inherent in the laws of

A. society
B. state
C. nature
D. organization
Answer» B. state

Which part of Indian constitution guarantees liberty to citizen.

A. d.p.s.p
B. fundamental right
C. preamble
D. vii
Answer» B. fundamental right

Who says “ where there is no law there is no freedom.

A. rousseau
B. green
C. locke
D. laski.
Answer» D. laski.

Term justice has been drawn from the Latin word .

A. just
B. joint
C. jus
D. judge
Answer» C. jus

……………. View that justice and equality are closely connected

A. individualists
B. idealists
C. socialists
D. anarchists
Answer» A. individualists

Constitution is an instrument of …… justice

A. political
B. social
C. legal
D. economic
Answer» C. legal
Question and answers in Introduction to Political Science and Governmental Structures and Processes, Introduction to Political Science and Governmental Structures and Processes multiple choice questions and answers, Introduction to Political Science and Governmental Structures and Processes Important MCQs, Solved MCQs for Introduction to Political Science and Governmental Structures and Processes, Introduction to Political Science and Governmental Structures and Processes MCQs with answers PDF download