Chapter: Unit 1

Urban Sociology as a discipline emerged due to:

A. Growth of population in towns/cities
B. Growth of industrial cities
C. Migration to towns
D. All of the above
Answer» D. All of the above

Urban Sociology is the sociological study of

A. Life and human interaction in the cities
B. Social relationship in urban environment
C. Processes , changes and problems of urban areas
D. All of the above
Answer» D. All of the above

Which school played the most prominent part in the development of Urban Sociology?

A. Frankfurt school
B. Chicago School
C. Marxist School
D. Functional School
Answer» B. Chicago School

In the initial development of Urban Sociology the sociologists focused on

A. Migration of people
B. Massive increase of population
C. The new form of social relationship in cities
D. Growth of industrial town sites
Answer» C. The new form of social relationship in cities

The Concentric Zone model was created by Ernest Burgess in –

A. 1925
B. 1920
C. 1935
D. 1915
Answer» A. 1925

Human Ecology is a term coined by

A. Louis R.Wirth
B. George Simmel
C. Robert E.Park
D. MSA Rao
Answer» C. Robert E.Park

In the Concentric zone model of Burgess, the commuter zone lies in which zone?

A. Zone III
B. Zone II
C. Zone I
D. Zone V
Answer» D. Zone V

In which state of the USA were most of the initial works on urban society carried out?

A. Chicago
B. New York
C. California
D. Texas
Answer» A. Chicago

Which of the following is considered as the father of urban sociology?

A. Robert E.Park
B. Louis R. Wirth
C. George Simmel
D. Ernest Burgess
Answer» C. George Simmel

Which of the following is responsible for the growth of cities in the 17th and 18th centuries?

A. French revolution
B. Industrial revolution
C. The Enlightenment
D. The Reformation
Answer» B. Industrial revolution

Louis Wirth’s Urbanism as a Way of Life was published in which year?

A. 1948
B. 1928
C. 1938
D. 1918
Answer» C. 1938

Diffusion of urban culture is –

A. Urbanization
B. Urbanism
C. Urbanity
D. Urbanness
Answer» B. Urbanism

Which of the following is not an element of urbanism?

A. Superficiality
B. Individualism
C. Homogeneity
D. Materialism
Answer» C. Homogeneity

What according to Wirth is the breeding ground of cultural hybrids?

A. Towns
B. Small cities
C. Metropolitan cities
D. Suburbs
Answer» C. Metropolitan cities

City people view their associates as

A. Direct source of satisfaction
B. Whole persons
C. Close friends
D. Means to pursue their goals
Answer» D. Means to pursue their goals

To make interaction simpler, urbanites normally

A. Standardize their behavior
B. Meet face to face
C. Adopt informal means
D. Adopt intimate methods
Answer» A. Standardize their behavior

The city effects are wider than the city itself. Who said this?

A. MacIver
B. Kingsley Davis
C. George Simmel
D. Harry M.Johnson
Answer» B. Kingsley Davis

Areas which resemble cities are known as

A. Urban areas
B. Sub-urban areas
C. Towns
D. Fringe areas
Answer» B. Sub-urban areas

The study of urban sociology is significant and helpful for

A. Urban problems
B. Understanding the urban society only
C. Understanding urban and rural societies so that development occurs in both at the same time.
D. Urban population
Answer» C. Understanding urban and rural societies so that development occurs in both at the same time.

Rural – urban convergence refers to

A. The area where similarities of both urban and rural way of life exists.
B. The striking difference between rural and urban living
C. The point of demarcation of rural and urban areas.
D. Rural- urban contrasts
Answer» A. The area where similarities of both urban and rural way of life exists.

According to Wirth a city is –

A. An area having large population
B. An initiating and controlling centre of economic and political life
C. A large dwelling place
D. An area distinguished by density
Answer» B. An initiating and controlling centre of economic and political life

Which is an important pull factor of migration from rural to urban areas?

A. Job opportunities
B. Banking facility
C. Recreation facility
D. Educational facility
Answer» A. Job opportunities

The significance of the study of Urban Sociology lies in

A. Understanding the institutions of urban society
B. Helping Urban policy makers solve urban social problems
C. Understanding urban problems
D. Understanding social functions
Answer» B. Helping Urban policy makers solve urban social problems

Blasé attitude of urban dwellers means

A. Indifference
B. Hospitality
C. Friendliness
D. Hostility
Answer» A. Indifference

Secondary relations in cities tend to be

A. Intimate
B. Calculative
C. Face to face
D. Informal
Answer» B. Calculative

Which of the following opines that modern cities had an impact not only on modes of behavior but on feelings and patterns of thought?

A. Louis R.Wirth
B. George simmel
C. Anthony Giddens
D. Max Weber
Answer» C. Anthony Giddens

Who said that urban sociology is that branch of sociology which deals with the city or the urban community, with urbanization and urbanism?

A. J.A Quinn
B. Karl marx
C. Anthony Giddens
D. Alex Inkeles
Answer» A. J.A Quinn

Which of the following is the scope of urban sociology?

A. Ecology
B. Urban planning
C. Urban social problems
D. All of the above
Answer» D. All of the above

Anonymity of urban life means

A. A state of namelessness
B. External appearances
C. Status symbols
D. Superficiality
Answer» A. A state of namelessness

Which of the following is responsible for the diffusion of urban culture to rural areas?

A. Transport and communication
B. Press
C. Television
D. All of the above
Answer» D. All of the above

Specialization in roles in urban society encourages

A. Similar interests
B. Homogeneity
C. Diversity of life patterns
D. Similar philosophy of life
Answer» C. Diversity of life patterns

In India, urbanization maintained an upward trend during the

A. 1960’s
B. 1970’s
C. 1950’s
D. 1980’s
Answer» B. 1970’s

The city is an area distinguished by

A. Size, population and density
B. Population, homogeneity and simplicity
C. Diversity, density and communal life
D. Size, population and primary relations
Answer» A. Size, population and density

Satellite cities are built around

A. Towns
B. Villages
C. Metropolitan cities
D. Industrial sites
Answer» C. Metropolitan cities

Rural indices are moving nearer to urban indices in terms of

A. Divorce
B. Age at marriage
C. Selection of marriage partners
D. All of the above
Answer» D. All of the above

Louis R.Wirth associated with Urban Sociology developed the

A. Concentric Zone theory
B. Cultural Approach
C. Ecological Approach
D. Structural Approach
Answer» B. Cultural Approach

The large size of population in urban areas favour the development of

A. Specialization of roles
B. Homogeneous life
C. Community sentiment
D. Intimate relations
Answer» A. Specialization of roles

Satellite cities represent the

A. Striking difference of rural and urban life
B. Some features of urban lifestyle
C. Mixture of rural and urban ways of life
D. Basic features of rural life
Answer» C. Mixture of rural and urban ways of life

People live alien and disparate lives in

A. Big cities
B. Towns
C. Villages
D. Sub-urban areas
Answer» A. Big cities

Louis Wirth says contacts between city dwellers are

A. Close and intimate
B. Diverse and superficial
C. Fleeting and partial
D. Anonymous and impersonal
Answer» C. Fleeting and partial
Chapter: Unit 2

Loosing shared characters and the various absolute markers that existed between cities and villages is

A. Urbanization
B. Rurban
C. Industrialization
D. Urbanism
Answer» B. Rurban

Visibility of more formal systems of institutions are in

A. Towns
B. Rural
C. Cities
D. Sub-urban areas
Answer» C. Cities

The main aspect of urban and rural is mainly demarcated through -

A. Material things
B. Non-material things
C. Rituals
D. Familial obligations
Answer» A. Material things

Which of the following urban factors transformed rural life-world extensively?

A. Migration
B. Connectivity
C. Press
D. Development plans
Answer» B. Connectivity

Who is the author of “Decline of the West”?

A. Oswald Spengler
B. F.Schumacher
C. R.E Park
D. Milton Gordon
Answer» A. Oswald Spengler

With the diffusion of urban culture to the rural areas; the extreme differences between rural and urban cultures has become

A. Differentiated
B. Diluted
C. Increased
D. Equal
Answer» B. Diluted

The influence of the city or urban areas varies with

A. Demography
B. Size of City
C. Labor
D. Density
Answer» B. Size of City

Big urban areas are characterised by

A. Sub-centers
B. Semi- rural centers
C. Clubs
D. Communal feeling
Answer» A. Sub-centers

At present, rural area and urban area features are increasingly

A. Similar
B. Unequal
C. Different
D. Transformed
Answer» A. Similar

Who mentioned that Urbanization refers to a process of urban values diffusing and transforming behavior patterns?

A. CB Mamoria
B. MSA Rao
C. Patrick Geddes
D. J.A.Quinn
Answer» C. Patrick Geddes

Who edited the classic book, “Urban Sociology of India”?

A. MSA Rao
B. MN Panini
C. Yogendra Singh
D. M.N.Srinivas
Answer» A. MSA Rao

Urbanization is a process that is

A. Continuous
B. Non-continuous
C. Dormant
D. Stagnant
Answer» A. Continuous

The rate of Urbanization in India differs in time, space and

A. Regions
B. Matter
C. Density
D. Size
Answer» A. Regions

According to P. Sainath, which of the following is the key role in Urban growth in India?-

A. Migration
B. Cheap Labor
C. Infrastructure
D. Industry
Answer» A. Migration

Which among the following indicate that Urban growth in India is mainly due to?-

A. Increase of population
B. Labor Migration
C. Government Policies
D. Increase in factories
Answer» A. Increase of population

Migration’s main cause is due to

A. Push and pull factor
B. Better livelihood
C. Educational facility
D. Banking facility
Answer» A. Push and pull factor

Who wrote the essay, “Urbanization and Social Transformations”?

A. Ramkrishna Mukherjee
B. G.S Ghurye
C. K.N Unnithan
D. A.R.Desai
Answer» A. Ramkrishna Mukherjee

Expansion of urban areas result in alterations of

A. Satellite towns
B. Villages
C. Everyday life
D. Rural areas
Answer» A. Satellite towns

Who is the author of “Six Decades of Urbanization in India”?

A. Ashish Bose
B. N.K Bose
C. T.N Madan
D. G.S.Ghurye
Answer» A. Ashish Bose

Who among the following defined city as a large space, dense and heterogeneity of groups?

A. R.E. Park
B. Louis R Wirth
C. Kingsley Davis
D. George Simmel
Answer» A. R.E. Park

The most common feature of every city is

A. Heterogeneity of People
B. Labour force
C. Density of spaces
D. Existence of slums
Answer» B. Labour force

Who is the author of the text “The City”?

A. Max Weber
B. George Simmel
C. Talcott Parsons
D. Karl Marx
Answer» A. Max Weber

Which is the oldest city in India, from the choices below?

A. Banaras
B. Kolkata
C. Mahabalipuram
D. Bengaluru
Answer» A. Banaras

Which is the oldest city of the world, from the choices below?

A. Jerusalem
B. Bangkok
C. Kathmandu
D. Kuala Lampur
Answer» A. Jerusalem

Social mobility occurs on a larger scale at -

A. City
B. Semi-urban areas
C. Towns
D. Villages
Answer» A. City

Who is the author of the book “Pre-industrial City”?-

A. Gideon Sjoberg
B. Ferdinand Tonnies
C. F Le Corbuiser
D. Max Weber
Answer» A. Gideon Sjoberg

Level of Technology is low at

A. Industrial City
B. Pre-Industrial City
C. Global City
D. Village society
Answer» A. Industrial City

Who classified Consumer city and Producer city?

A. R.E. Park
B. Max Weber
C. Francis Bacon
D. Adam Smith
Answer» B. Max Weber

According to Max Weber, Plebian cities are the outcome of

A. Plagues
B. Revolutions
C. Monarchy
D. Aristocracy
Answer» B. Revolutions

Who among the following is associated with Ecological Approach on urban growth?

A. George Simmel
B. Ernest W Burgess
C. Louis R. Wirth
D. Robert E.Park
Answer» B. Ernest W Burgess

Urban studies at University of Chicago came up during

A. 1915 - 1940
B. 1840- 1880
C. Post World War I
D. Post World War II
Answer» B. 1840- 1880

Who among the following is associated with Cultural Approach of urban studies?

A. E.W Burgess
B. Robert E. Park
C. Louis R. Wirth
D. George Simmel
Answer» C. Louis R. Wirth

Louis R Wirth’s “Urbanism as a way of life” was first published as a researched paper during

A. 1928
B. 1925
C. 1938
D. 1948
Answer» C. 1938

Which among the following is true for Ecological Approach in urban studies?

A. Symmetry between humans and society.
B. Any environment and given human conditions can be fixed.
C. Communities interact, estimate and depend on their environment
D. Communities are interdependent
Answer» C. Communities interact, estimate and depend on their environment

Which urban studies approach clarify that societies grows not in random but in relation to the advantageous features of the environment?

A. Cultural Approach
B. Ecological Approach
C. Industrial Approach
D. Concentric Zone Model
Answer» C. Industrial Approach

Who subscribed to the “Darwinian Web of Life” in understanding urban studies?

A. George Simmel
B. Robert E. Park
C. E.W Burgess
D. J.A.Quinn
Answer» B. Robert E. Park

Concentric Zone theory in urban studies was introduced by

A. RE Park & EW Burgess
B. Louis R Wirth
C. Georg Simmel
D. Kingsley Davis
Answer» A. RE Park & EW Burgess

Who is the author of “Metropolis and Mental Life”?

A. Herbert Spencer
B. George Simmel
C. Oswald Spengler
D. Emile Durkheim
Answer» B. George Simmel

Who mentioned “relations in urban are always changing and fleeting, but in rural areas, it is always absolute and communitarian”?

A. Max Weber
B. V. Pareto
C. Louis R. Wirth
D. MSA Rao
Answer» B. V. Pareto

The pace of life is faster in cities because of the existence of-

A. Co-operation
B. Interdependence
C. Strong bonds
D. Competition
Answer» C. Strong bonds
Chapter: Unit 3 MSA

Urbanisation is generally related with –

A. Integration
B. Decomposition
C. Demoralisation
D. Industrialisation
Answer» D. Industrialisation

Family in India is generally of Joint family and –

A. Multi-lingual family
B. Nuclear family
C. Neo-Nuclear family
D. Extended family
Answer» B. Nuclear family

It is generally assumed that the process of urbanisation leads to –

A. Stagnation
B. Growth of family
C. Decline in family
D. Genocide
Answer» C. Decline in family

The institutions of family, kinship and caste are closely –

A. Differentiated
B. Interrelated
C. Inculcated
D. Indoctrinated
Answer» B. Interrelated

The Khasi society is –

A. Patrilineal in nature
B. Matrilineal in nature
C. Decentralised in nature
D. Heterogenous in nature.
Answer» B. Matrilineal in nature

In matrilineal society, the head of the family is the –

A. The Eldest female
B. The uncle
C. The Youngest female
D. The father
Answer» A. The Eldest female

The sociologist who dispel the breakdown of joint family in India is

A. M.N Srinivas
B. A.M Shah
C. G.S Ghurye
D. Yogendra Singh
Answer» C. G.S Ghurye

The family system which emerge in association with modern industrial societies is –

A. Nuclear family
B. Joint family
C. Traditional family
D. Linguistic family
Answer» A. Nuclear family

Rural society is associated with –

A. Joint family
B. Urban family
C. Nuclear family
D. Transitional family
Answer» A. Joint family

Ram Krishna Mukherjee is associated with the study of –

A. West Bengal
B. Gujarat
C. Madhya Pradesh
D. Assam
Answer» A. West Bengal

A.H Shah made a study of family system and changes in –

A. Gujarat
B. Delhi
C. West Bengal
D. Kerala
Answer» A. Gujarat

S. Vatuk in his study of kinship system laid emphasis to –

A. North Indian kinship
B. South Indian kinship
C. East Indian Kinship
D. West Indian kinship
Answer» A. North Indian kinship

Urban culture is the culture found in –

A. Rural area
B. Urban area
C. Village area
D. Suburban area
Answer» B. Urban area

Urban areas are the symbol of cultural –

A. Heterogeneity
B. Homogeneity
C. Conflict
D. Cohesion
Answer» A. Heterogeneity

The Joint family system is being replaced by –

A. Traditional family
B. Nuclear family
C. Extended family
D. Transitional family
Answer» B. Nuclear family

Nuclear families are more popular in –

A. Urban areas
B. Rural areas
C. Sub-urban area
D. Slums
Answer» A. Urban areas

In urban areas, the major occupations are –

A. Professional in nature
B. Traditional in nature
C. Limited in nature
D. Extensive in nature
Answer» A. Professional in nature

Social distance is the result of –

A. Anonymity and heterogeneity
B. Segregation and intervention
C. Conflict and affection
D. Demonstration
Answer» A. Anonymity and heterogeneity

The urbanites attach supreme importance to their –

A. Material possessions
B. Ideologies and beliefs
C. Inconsistent admirations
D. Welfare and happiness
Answer» D. Welfare and happiness

George Simmel held that social structure of urban communities is based on –

A. Ideologies
B. Mindset
C. Interest groups
D. Possessions
Answer» C. Interest groups
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