Product Design and Value Engineering solved MCQs

1 of 6

1. Designs are periodically modified to

a. Improve product performance

B. Strive for zero-based rejection and waste

c. Make products easier and faster to manufacture

d. all of the mentioned

2. The expected qualities of a product are

a. it satisfies the needs and expectations of the customer

B. it has a pleasing appearance and handles well

c. it has high reliability and functions safely over its intended life

d. all of the mentioned

3. The life cycle of a product includes

a. extraction of natural resources

B. processing of raw materials

c. manufacturing of products

d. all of the mentioned

4. Life-cycle engineering is also called

a. green design

B. expensive design

c. easy design

d. none of the mentioned

5. Sustainable manufacturing is required for

a. conserving resources

B. proper maintenance

c. reuse

d. all of the mentioned

6. The mechanical properties of good product material are

a. strength

B. toughness

c. ductility

d. all of the mentioned

7. The physical properties of good product material are

a. density

B. melting point

c. specific heat

d. all of the mentioned

8. The chemical properties of good product material are

a. oxidation

B. corrosion

c. surface treatment

d. all of the mentioned

9. Properties of workpiece materials are

a. geometric features of the part

B. production rate and quantity

c. process selection consideration

d. all of the mentioned

10. Considerations of costing systems are

a. life cycle costs

B. machine usage

c. cost of purchasing machinery

d. all of the mentioned

11. The following is the preliminary stage of Production planning

a. Capacity planning

B. Material requirements planning

c. Scheduling

d. Product development and design

12. The following is the source(s) for developing new or improved product

a. Research and Development department of the enterprise

B. Consumer suggestions and Complaints

c. Other competitive products in the market

d. All of the above

13. Product cost can be reduced by considering the following aspect(s) at the design stage

a. Minimum number of operations

B. Unnecessary tight tolerance should not be provided

c. Design should consist of standard parts

d. All of the above

14. The ultimate objective of the product is

a. To provide a new look

B. Utilizing existing manpower

c. To monopolize the market

d. All of the above

15. Based on their field of application, manufactured goods can be classified as

a. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary

B. Consumer, Capital and Defense

c. Essential, Market and Standard

d. Primary, Luxury and Consumer

16. The following aspect of product is concerned with the ease and efficiency of the productperformance

a. Functional aspect

B. Operational aspect

c. Durability aspect

d. Aesthetic aspect

17. The “simplicity to operate and easy to understand” of product is concerned with its following aspect

a. Functional aspect

B. Operational aspect

c. Durability aspect

d. Aesthetic aspect

18. ______ helps in establishing the interchangeability of products

a. Standardization

B. Simplification

c. Diversification

d. Specialization

19. In which of the following type the manufacturing cost may go up

a. Standardization

B. Simplification

c. Diversification

d. All of the above

20. Product ______ is the ultimate objective of variety reduction

a. Simplification

B. Standardization

c. Specialization

d. All of the above

21. The following eases the process of stock control

a. Standardization

B. Simplification

c. Both ‘A’ and ‘B’

d. None of the above

22. The following is the Durability aspect(s) of a product

a. Efficiency of the product

B. Easy to understand

c. Ease with which a product can be maintained

d. All of the above

23. _____ is the development of original products, product improvements, product modifications, and new brands through the firm’s own R&D efforts.

a. Idea generation

B. Concept testing

c. Test marketing

d. New product developmen

24. All of the following are different ways a firm can obtain new products, except which one?

a. By acquiring a whole new company

B. A firm can obtain a new product through patents

c. A firm can obtain a new product by licensing someone else's new product

d. A firm can obtain a new product by using the R&D department of other firms in the same industry.

25. All of the following are accurate descriptions of reasons why new products fail, except which one?

a. Although the market size was correctly estimated, the product idea itself was not good.

B. The actual product was not designed as well as it should have been.

c. The new product was priced too high.

d. The new product was advertised poorly

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